2 About Benjamin BloomA facilitator, a scholar, and a researcher in the field of EducationTaxonomy of educational objectives: Handbook 1, the cognitive domain (Bloom et al., 1956)
3 Six Levels of Questions EvaluationSynthesisLevels of Thinking SkillsAnalysisApplicationComprehensionKnowledge
4 Knowledge Level Recall of information Knowledge of data, events, and placesKnowledge of major ideasMastery of Subject matterQuestion Cues:List, define, tell, describe, identify, show, label,collect, examine, who, when , where, etc.List the major cities in South Africa.Define the capital city of South Africa.
5 Comprehension Level Understanding information Grasp key meaning Translate knowledge to a new contextInterpret, compare, contrast factsOrder, group, infer causesQuestion cue:Summarize, interpret, contrast, associate, distinguish, estimate, differentiate, discuss, extend, why, etc.Discuss the environmental problems existing in the major citiesin South Africa.Infer the causes for the problems.
6 Application Level Use information Use methods, concepts, theories in new situationSolve problems using required skills or knowledgeQuestion cues:Apply, demonstrate, calculate, complete, illustrate, show, solve, examine, modify, relate, change, experiment, discover, etc.Work out possible solutions for the environmental problems in the majorcities in South Africa. Calculations and experiments skills might beinvolved during the process to answer the question.
7 Analysis Level Seeing patterns Organization of parts Recognition of hidden meaningsIdentification of componentsQuestion cues:Analyze, separate, order, explain, connect, classify, arrange, divide, compare, select, explain, etc.Classify the environmental problems into different categories.
8 Synthesis Level Use old ideas to create new ones Generalize, predict from given factsRelate knowledge from several areasDraw conclusionsQuestion cues:Combine, integrate, modify, rearrange, substitute, plan, create, design, invent, what if?, compose, formulate, prepare, generalize, rewrite, predict, etc.Design and plan a social activity to call for more urban residents tocontribute to environmental protection.
9 Evaluation Level Compare and discriminate between ideas Judge and appreciate value of concepts, theories, and principlesMake choice based on reasoned argumentVerify values of evidenceRecognize subjectivityQuestion Cues:Assess, decide, rank, grade, test, measure, recommend, convince, select, judge, discriminate, support, conclude, etc.Recommend the most practical and economic environment protecting plan to the city government. Use evidences and arguments to support your recommendations and convince the ministers.
10 ExercisesIdentify the capital of Australia from the following list: Melbourne, Sydney, CanberraKnowledgeComprehensionApplicationAnalysisSynthesisEvaluation
11 Exercises What classification of animals would a FROG belong to? mammal / bird / fish / reptile / amphibian / insectKnowledgeComprehensionApplicationAnalysisSynthesisEvaluation
12 ExercisesPredict what would have happened to early Native Americans if they did not follow the migration of buffaloes:They would hunt and eat other animals instead / They would starve / They would get all their food by farmingKnowledgeComprehensionApplicationAnalysisSynthesisEvaluation
13 This is a basic question of knowledge to test whether Great !!! Good job !!This is a basic question ofknowledge to test whetherlearners recall the knowledgebeing taught.Next Question
14 Great !!! Good job !!The learners are asked about the classification of animals and apply his/her knowledge to answer this question. The facilitators should follow the question by asking the learner to justify the answers.Next Question
15 Great !!! Good job !!The learners are asked to PREDICT what would happen based on the given facts and their previous knowledge related.