Presentation on theme: "The Crime Scene. Vocabulary Make a vocabulary page in your notebook for each of the following terms: Primary Crime Scene Secondary Crime Scene Physical."— Presentation transcript:
Vocabulary Make a vocabulary page in your notebook for each of the following terms: Primary Crime Scene Secondary Crime Scene Physical Evidence CAD Chain of Custody
Objectives Identify the different roles and personnel involved in investigating a crime scene Understand and explain the steps in processing a crime scene Understand the process of collecting, storing, and transporting evidence
POLICE OFFICERS are typically the first to arrive at a crime scene. They are responsible for securing the scene so no evidence is destroyed and detaining persons of interest in the crime. The CSI UNIT documents the crime scene in detail and collects any physical evidence. The DISTRICT ATTORNEY is often present to help determine if any search warrants are required to proceed and obtains those warrants from a judge. The MEDICAL EXAMINER (if a homicide) may or may not be present to determine a preliminary cause of death. SPECIALISTS (forensic entomologists, anthropologists, or psychologists) may be called in if the evidence requires expert analysis. DETECTIVES interview witnesses and consult with the CSI unit. They investigate the crime by following leads provided by witnesses and physical evidence. Crime Scene Personnel
INTERACTIVE Which of the crime scene personnel interests you the most? Why? Which would be your least favorite? Why?
Interview Crime Scenes are secured by the first responding police Forensic scientist must interview the securing officer(s) upon arrival What happened? What crime took place? How was it committed? Remember not all of this information may turn out to be true.
Examine the Scene Examine the scene for ‘first impressions’…does it correlate to the story you got from the first responders? Examine the scene for additional areas that need to be secured, possible evidence, points of entry/exit
Photograph the Scene Overall, wide shots Close-ups of evidence (with ruler) Lots Of pictures…
Sketch the Scene Once photographs have been taken the CSI needs to sketch the scene First sketch=rough sketch Later, a more polished or final sketch will be drawn Usually a ‘birds-eye’ view
Interactive! Create a rough sketch of the crime scene picture that follows…
Rough Sketch The first drawing created upon arriving on scene Doesn’t have to be ‘pretty’ Does need: – Accurate dimensions – Show location of all objects – Shows all evidence and evidence markers – Key or legend – Compass
Finished Sketch Constructed with care and concern for appearance Used in the courtroom CAD
Notes Note taking must be a constant activity throughout the processing of a crime scene Detailed written description of the scene Location and description of the evidence Where the evidence was discovered, by whom, who collected it, where it was sent Notes of smells, feelings, things a camera cannot capture Audio recordings of notes can be used
Interactive! Take notes for the following crime scene…
Process the Scene Processing the scene is systematic documentation and search of a crime scene Begin a systematic search for evidence that may have been missed or is not obvious Search methods: – Spiral – Grid – Line – Quadrant
Collecting Physical Evidence After crime scene is thoroughly documented evidence collection begins Items should be handled carefully (gloves and tweezers) and bagged separately to avoid contamination Critical areas can be vacuumed and the sweepings saved for trace analysis Everything needs to be well labeled
Tools for Evidence Collection Forceps and Tweezers: picking up small objects Plastic bottles with lids: hairs, glass, fibers, trace evidence Manila envelopes/ Paper Bags: trace evidence Bloodstained material should NOT be sealed in plastic container (mold) Burned debris MUST be stored in airtight container
INTERACTIVE Using your notes as a guide, develop a checklist that you could bring to a crime scene to make sure you don’t forget anything Checklist should begin with your arrival on the scene You will be using your checklist to investigate 2 crime scenes in the next couple of weeks.