“Two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives.”
TYPES OF GROUPS Group Formal CommandTask Informal FriendshipInterestReference Member ship
Characteristics Of Formal Groups It meets a required goal It has a defined structure It is problem solving Group It has some designations and work assigned to its members It has well defined norms It has specified goals and deadlines
Forming Joining the group and defining the purpose Work is assigned to the group members Uncertainty about group’s purpose structure and leadership
Storming There is conflict due to different opinions of members Conflict about who will be the leader of the Group This stage completed when a clear hierarchy of leadership is made
Norming Close relationship developed within the group Group become cohesive Completed when structure is clearly solidifies
Performing It is the fourth stage of group development when the group is fully functional and performed their group tasks.
Adjourning Concern with wrapping up activities rather than task performing Responses varies from individual to individual within the group
Group Properties Role A set of expected behavior patterns attributed to someone occupying a given position in a social unit RRole identity RRole perceptions RRole expectations RRole conflicts
Group Properties/ Structure Norms Acceptable standards of behavior within a group that are shared by the group members. PPerformance Norms SSocial arrangement Norms AAppearance Norms RResource allocation Norms
Group Properties Status A socially defined position or rank given to groups or group members by others. Size Size of the group affect the group’s overall behavior. Smaller groups are faster at completing tasks than the larger ones. Cohesiveness The degree to which group members are attracted to each other and are motivated to stay in the group.
Group Decision Making Techniques Brain Storming It is known as generating alternatives and Ideas Nominal Group Technique In this technique a group meets formally but does not restrict independent thinking Delphi (Electronic) Technique The technique has great value because it has ability to generate a number of independent judgments without the involvement of members face-to-face.
“Group Behavior in sociology refers to the situations where people interact in large or small groups. The field of group deals with small groups that may reach consensus and act in a coordinated way.”
External (Organizational) Conditions Overall strategy Authority structures Formal regulations Available organizational resources Employee selection criteria Performance management (appraisal) system Organizational culture General physical layout
Internal Variables Affecting Group Behavior The individual abilities of the group’s members The size of the group The level of conflict The internal pressures on members to conform to the group’s norms
Group Member’s Resources Knowledge Skills Abilities Personality Traits
Group Process Communication Group Decision Making Conflict Management
Group structure Role Norms Size Cohesiveness Status
Lastly, we can say define group behavior in short as group ethics. It is not individual propaganda but it is an inter-dependence propaganda however it satisfies individual needs and goals also.