Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

GROUP MEMBERS Taimoor Shahzada Suman Niaz Shazia Kanwal Muhammad Shoaib.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "GROUP MEMBERS Taimoor Shahzada Suman Niaz Shazia Kanwal Muhammad Shoaib."— Presentation transcript:


2 GROUP MEMBERS Taimoor Shahzada Suman Niaz Shazia Kanwal Muhammad Shoaib


4 “Two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives.”

5 TYPES OF GROUPS Group Formal CommandTask Informal FriendshipInterestReference Member ship

6 Characteristics Of Formal Groups It meets a required goal It has a defined structure It is problem solving Group It has some designations and work assigned to its members It has well defined norms It has specified goals and deadlines

7 Stages of Group Development


9 Forming Joining the group and defining the purpose Work is assigned to the group members Uncertainty about group’s purpose structure and leadership

10 Storming There is conflict due to different opinions of members Conflict about who will be the leader of the Group This stage completed when a clear hierarchy of leadership is made

11 Norming Close relationship developed within the group Group become cohesive Completed when structure is clearly solidifies

12 Performing It is the fourth stage of group development when the group is fully functional and performed their group tasks.

13 Adjourning Concern with wrapping up activities rather than task performing Responses varies from individual to individual within the group

14 Group Properties Role A set of expected behavior patterns attributed to someone occupying a given position in a social unit RRole identity RRole perceptions RRole expectations RRole conflicts

15 Group Properties/ Structure Norms Acceptable standards of behavior within a group that are shared by the group members. PPerformance Norms SSocial arrangement Norms AAppearance Norms RResource allocation Norms

16 Group Properties Status A socially defined position or rank given to groups or group members by others. Size Size of the group affect the group’s overall behavior. Smaller groups are faster at completing tasks than the larger ones. Cohesiveness The degree to which group members are attracted to each other and are motivated to stay in the group.

17 Group Decision Making Techniques Brain Storming It is known as generating alternatives and Ideas Nominal Group Technique In this technique a group meets formally but does not restrict independent thinking Delphi (Electronic) Technique The technique has great value because it has ability to generate a number of independent judgments without the involvement of members face-to-face.

18 “Group Behavior in sociology refers to the situations where people interact in large or small groups. The field of group deals with small groups that may reach consensus and act in a coordinated way.”

19 Group Behavior Model

20 External (Organizational) Conditions Overall strategy Authority structures Formal regulations Available organizational resources Employee selection criteria Performance management (appraisal) system Organizational culture General physical layout

21 Internal Variables Affecting Group Behavior The individual abilities of the group’s members The size of the group The level of conflict The internal pressures on members to conform to the group’s norms

22 Group Member’s Resources Knowledge Skills Abilities Personality Traits

23 Group Process Communication Group Decision Making Conflict Management

24 Group structure Role Norms Size Cohesiveness Status

25 Lastly, we can say define group behavior in short as group ethics. It is not individual propaganda but it is an inter-dependence propaganda however it satisfies individual needs and goals also.


Download ppt "GROUP MEMBERS Taimoor Shahzada Suman Niaz Shazia Kanwal Muhammad Shoaib."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google