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Introduction to Soldering

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Soldering"— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Soldering
The Basics

2 Learning Objectives To know how to use a soldering iron to achieve perfect soldered joints; To understand and put into practice all safety rules when using a soldering iron.

3 What is soldering? Soldering is a method of joining metals using heat to melt a filler metal with a lower melting point.

4 What is solder? Solder is an alloy
It used to be tin and lead, but lead is poisonous It is now tin and copper (sometimes also silver or nickel or antimony) Melting point 210 – 2300C Has a hollow core filled with FLUX - a chemical cleaning agent

5 The quick guide to perfect soldering
The parts must be clean and grease free. Hold the parts securely in a clamp. Clean the tip of the iron. Heat both parts of the joint equally. Apply just enough solder to make the joint. Remove and return the iron to the safety stand. Do not move the joint until cooled.

6 THINK SAFE Soldering irons work at 350°C. This is very hot (boiling water is 100°C). The soldering iron will give you a severe burn if touched. Wear goggles when soldering. Never fool around with the soldering iron. Store the soldering iron in the stand when in use. WORK SAFE

7 Basics One - Begin Plug in and switch on the soldering iron. It will now begin to heating up Lightly wet the sponge

8 Basics Two – Stripping the wire
Use the side cutters to lightly grip the wire Twist the side cutters and the wire gently in opposite directions. Until… …you begin to see a gap in the rubber insulation and bare silver wire appears. Now use the wire strippers to remove the rubber insulation from the wire.

9 Basics Three - Twisting
Twist the bare wire strands together The wire will look like this Now twist the wire around one of the L.E.D light legs

10 Basics Four – STOP HOT!!! REMEMBER: The soldering iron is extremely HOT. It has been on for the entire time you have been preparing to solder. So make sure you ONLY handle it by the HANDLE and not by the metal areas.

11 Basics Five – Soldering
Safely handle the soldering iron. Place a small amount of solder on the tip of the soldering iron until it begins to melt. This is called tinning and helps the transfer of heat from the soldering iron to the components. Place the soldering iron against the wire and leg of the LED light - hold it there for a few seconds. Touch the solder against the heated area, so that just enough solder runs onto both. Then remove.

12 Basics Six - Good and Bad Soldering
Poor soldering (dry joint) Correctly soldered Solder Components Poor joints are usually the result of one of the following: Not heating the joint for long enough Not cleaning the soldering iron and tinning Poor soldering iron contact Moving the components before the joint has cooled

13 Twist the LED short wires together
LED - long wire is positive, short wire is negative Put LEDs in wooden mounting blocks Twist long legs together with the resistor Resistor Solder the long leads and resistor together Cut off the small connector

14 Solder the red wire to the resistor
Solder the black wire to the short legs

15 Soldering Safety Use the following rules for safe soldering.
Wear Eye protection, either a face shield or safety glasses.    Replace the soldering iron back in to the holder when not in use. When cutting off leads, make sure they are held such that they can not flyaway. Ventilation: Avoid breathing smoke/fumes generated during soldering. Other Protective Clothing and Equipment: Legs and arms should be covered to avoid burns from splashed hot solder. Use pliers or vice to hold work in order to avoid burns from objects that are heated.

16 THINK SAFE 350°C is very hot. (Boiling water is 100°C) The soldering iron will give you a severe burn if touched. Wear goggles when soldering. Never fool around with the soldering iron. Store the soldering iron in the stand when in use. Switch off when you have finished and allow it to cool down. Be aware that this could take some time. WORK SAFE

17 Tips and Tricks Keep the iron tip clean. A clean iron tip means better heat conduction and a better joint. Use a wet sponge to clean the tip between joints. Double check joints. It is a good idea to check all soldered joints before moving on. Use the iron properly. This will ensure that you are safe.

18 Plenary At what temperature does water boil at?
What is the temperature of the soldering iron? What is an alloy? 3 safety rules when soldering What two things, other than the solder, must the soldering iron touch when you are soldering? What makes a bad soldered joint?

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