Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

apartheid A policy of segregation and discrimination against non-white groups in the Republic of South Africasegregationdiscrimination Literally means.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "apartheid A policy of segregation and discrimination against non-white groups in the Republic of South Africasegregationdiscrimination Literally means."— Presentation transcript:


2 apartheid A policy of segregation and discrimination against non-white groups in the Republic of South Africasegregationdiscrimination Literally means “apartness” in Dutch

3 History of Apartheid 1600’s – Dutch arrive (known as Afrikaners or Boers) 1900 - Discovery of diamonds English invasion – beginning of Boer War Uneasy power-sharing between the two 1904’s – Afrikaner National Party gained majority They invented apartheid

4 1948 Enactment of Apartheid Laws Racial discrimination became law –Prohibited marriage between races –Sanctioning of “white-only’’ jobs –Separate beaches, buses, hospitals, schools, parks, and even park benches –Non-whites stripped of voting rights –Non-whites not allowed to run business in white-only areas –Non-whites “resettled”

5 1950 Population Registration Act 3 categories –White – “obviously white” –Black – pencil test –Colored – of mixed decent Based on –Appearance –Social acceptance –descent Required to carry pass books – 16 years old

6 Main purpose of the Population Registry To control the movement of black South Africans Pass books –Given at age of 16 –Identification –History of government opposition –Failure to produce pass book resulted in arrest and jail

7 1951 Bantu Authorities Act Homelands Bantu Boards –Branches of minority government –Ran housing for black workers –Governed movement of blacks –Workers prohibited from living with families –Little difference from organized slavery

8 1953 Public Safety Act & Criminal Law Amendment Act States of emergency –Police permitted to use violence against protesters Penalties for protesting –Heavy fines –Imprisonment without trial Those who were tried, sentenced to death, banished, or imprisoned for life –Whippings and beatings

9 1960 Sharpeville Refused to carry passes Government declared state of emergency 69 died 187 wounded Lasted 156 days

10 1971 Black Homeland Citizenship Act Changed status of citizenship – all non-whites were now “citizens” of their “homeland” and NOT South Africa Therefore, no longer citizens of South Africa Aliens in their own country –Needed “passports” to travel within South Africa

11 Soweto Uprising June 16 th, 1976 Children, as young as 9, refused to go to school because the government was forcing them to be taught in Afrikaner – the language of the whites

12 What began as a peaceful march soon turned into a bloody massacre! Police tried to stop the march, which by now was more than 10,000 students, but the students just found other routes. So, in anger the police released dogs and then shot tear gas into the crowds. When the students began throwing rocks, the police responded with bullets! (They were “allowed” to because they had declared a state of emergency.) These riots spread to other townships (homelands) Several hundred students were killed and many more wounded.

13 The world responds… International Intervention 70’s throughout the 80’s 1977 - Mandatory arms embargoembargo 1980 - Cease supply of aircrafts, parts, and engines 1985 – US and Great Britain impose sanctions sanctions –Banned imports from South Africa –Prohibited American investments in South Africa

14 Key people working to end apartheid African National Congress (ANC) –Group of black Africans that opposed apartheid. Nelson Mandela –A leader of the ANC –stressed non-violent protests (followed Gandhi’s example) Civil disobedience Passive resistance –Arrested and imprisoned for 27 years –Later became South Africa’s first black president Willem de Klerk –A white South African who opposed apartheid –Elected president 1989 –Freed Nelson Mandela and others wrongfully imprisoned

15 1989 End of apartheid End of apartheid Mandela released from prison 1994 – 1 st multi- race election Mandela elected 1 st black president Mandela casting his vote in 1 st multi- racial election – April 1994

16 State of South Africa today All adults have the right to vote However, still many live in poverty, many without running water and electricity However, government working very hard to provide better life for all South Africans

17 Gold mines Leader in gold mining World’s largest gold deposit South Africa’s economy Johannesburg – established as a gold mining town … now referred to as the City of Gold

18 South Africa leader in gold mining

19 South Africa is third in production of diamonds

20 Gold and diamonds together account for 85% of the mineral output in South Africa today.

21 South Africa’s Government Republic All citizens - whites and non-whites - vote 3-tier system – national, provincial, and local levels National Bicameral parliament – members elected National assembly National council of provinces

22 Words to know… Afrikaners Boers Apartheid Segregation Discrimination ANC Embargo Civil disobedience Sanction Passive resistance

23 Sanctions A penalty imposed on a nation that is violating international law

24 Embargo An order of a government prohibiting movement of merchant ships into and out of ports

25 Civil disobedience The refusal to obey certain laws for the purpose of influencing legislation or government policies – characterized by nonviolent techniques such as boycotting, picketing, or non-payment of taxes

26 Segregation The act of separating or setting apart from others

27 Discrimination To make a distinction in favor of or against a person or people based on the group, class, or category the person/people belong

28 Passive resistance Opposition to a government by means of nonviolent techniques, such as boycotting, picketing, etc.

29 Afrikaners – The Dutch that came to South Africa in 1600’s. Also the language of the whites. Boers – another name for Afrikaners Apartheid – The policy of segregation and discrimination against non-white groups in South Africa. Really means apartness. ANC – African National Congress – A group of black South Africans that opposed Apartheid. Nelson Mandela was the head of this. Believed in non-violent protests

Download ppt "apartheid A policy of segregation and discrimination against non-white groups in the Republic of South Africasegregationdiscrimination Literally means."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google