Presentation on theme: "Reconstruction 1.amnesty (p. 403)- it gave full pardon to all southerners except high ranking confederate leaders and others who would accept to end slavery."— Presentation transcript:
Reconstruction 1.amnesty (p. 403)- it gave full pardon to all southerners except high ranking confederate leaders and others who would accept to end slavery 2.Reconstruction (p. 403)- rebuilding the former confederate states and reuniting the nation 3.John Wilkes Booth (p. 404)- shot the president as he and his wife watched a play at the Ford’s theatre 4.13th Amendment (p. 405)- congress had passed in January 1865 to abolish slavery. 5.Black Codes (p. 405)-closely resembled Pre-Civil War slave codes. Simply recycled its old code, substituting the word freedman for slave.
Reconstruction 6. Radical Republicans (p. 407)- the issue of Africans Americans voting rights proved particularly, divisive. The most concern was keeping former Confederates out of government. 7. Freedmen’s Bureau (p. 409)- Created by the republicans in march of 1865 to aid the millions of southerners left homeless and hungry by the war. The bureau distributed food and clothing, served employment agency, set up hospitals, and operated schools. 8. Civil rights Act of 1866 (p. 410)- the first civil rights law in the nations history although the act declared that everyone born in the united states was a citizen with full civil rights, it did not guarantee voting rights. 9. 14th Amendment (p. 410)- Constitutional amendment giving full rights of citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the United States, except for American Indians. 10. 15th Amendments (p. 414)- Extention of suffrage to African Americans men.
Reconstruction 11. carpetbaggers (p. 416)- Northern Republicans who moved to the south during reconstruction. 12. scalawags (p. 416)- Southern republicans who were giving this name by former Confederates during Reconstruction. Were known as betrayers of their country and race. 13. Ku Klux Klan (p. 416)- society created by former Confederates in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep African Americans from obtaining their civil rights. 14. Enforcement Acts (p. 417)- 3 laws that empowered the federal Government to combat terrorism w/ military force to prosecute guilty individuals. 15. Civil Rights Acts of 1875 (p. 418)-Prohibited businesses that served the public from discriminating against African Americans.
Reconstruction 16. Compromise of 1877 (p. 419)- to defuse the crisis, leading republicans and southern democrats struck a deal. Democrats made an acceptance of Hayes as president, Republicans agreed to withdraw the remaining federal troops from the south. 17. sharecropping (p. 420)- A system where a farmer worked a parcel of land in return for a share of the crop. 18. literacy tests (p. 421)- test that required people to know how to read in order for them to vote. 19. poll taxes (p. 421)- fees charged before someone could vote. 20. segregation (p. 422)- separation of the races used across the South.
Reconstruction 21. Jim Crow Laws (p. 422)- a series of laws designed to enforce separation of the races. 22. Plessy v. Ferguson (p. 422)- lawsuit concerning equal rights through the 14 th Amendment that lost claiming that “separate but equal” facilities existed. 23. Madame CJ Walker (p. 424)- an early African American entrepreneur who was the first female millionaire in the US. 24. Booker T. Washington (p. 425)- African American leader who discouraged protests in favor of job training and economic independence. 25. Ida B. Wells (Barnett) (p. 425)- African American leader who spoke out nationally about lynching.