Presentation on theme: "William Shakespeare. Literary Terms Foil A character in literature who has qualities that are in sharp contrast to another character, thus emphasizing."— Presentation transcript:
Literary Terms Foil A character in literature who has qualities that are in sharp contrast to another character, thus emphasizing the traits of each Example: Paris – responsible and highly regarded vs. Romeo – brash and emotional Pun A play on words that have similar sounds but more than one possible spelling or meaning Example: Romeo says Mercutio has “nimble soles,” but he himself has “a soul of lead”
Malapropism A comical mistake uttered by certain characters Example: the Nurse says “confidence” when she means “conference” Soliloquy When the character reveals his or her thoughts out loud Usually character is alone on stage. If not, other characters do not “hear” the speech.
Metaphor A comparison between things that are unlike each other Example: “It is the east and Juliet is the sun.”
Oxymoron Occurs when contradictory words are paired Example: “O heavy lightness! Serious vanity!” Repetition (of words and phrases) Increases tension and emotional impact Example: Romeo keeps repeating the word “banishment” in his conversation with Friar Lawrence, why?
Aside When a character talks to the audience and the other characters do not hear
Comic Relief Adding humor to serious and dramatic scenes Example: the Nurse Allusion A reference to a historical, literary, happening or event Example: Paris tells Friar Lawrence that “Venus smiles not in a house of tears.” as a reference to the Venus, the goddess of love
Dramatic irony When the audience knows what the characters do not Example: we know that Romeo and Juliet are married
Tragedy A serious play having an unhappy ending Tragic Hero Has a downfall in a tragedy Usually of noble birth Tragic Flaw A character’s trait that leads to his or her downfall/destruction
Theme Main idea in a work of fiction (underlying meaning or message) Examples: the obstacles of young love There are forces in life over which people have no control. Even well-intended deceptions and secrets can be destructive. Revenge can destroy both avenger and victim. Human beings – even parents – are fallible. Wisdom and knowledge can be gained from a tragic experience. At times, young people have more passion than wisdom, while older people forget the power of love.