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Effective Communication. What is Communication? Communication The sharing of a thought, an idea or a feeling.

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Presentation on theme: "Effective Communication. What is Communication? Communication The sharing of a thought, an idea or a feeling."— Presentation transcript:

1 Effective Communication

2 What is Communication?

3 Communication The sharing of a thought, an idea or a feeling.

4 (Feedback)

5 Communication involves a purposeful generation and transmission of a message Involves a sender, message and receiver Reading, writing, listening, touching and seeing are all apart of the communication process.


7 Elements of Effective Communication

8 Message must be clear

9 Use words the patient and family can understand. Ex: Don’t say “I need to listen to your apical pulse”; say “I need to listen to your heart beat”.

10 Clear and Concise

11 Correct pronunciation and good grammar are essential. Avoid slang words and phrases like “you know,” “um,” and “all that stuff”


13 Hearing is important

14 Find other ways to get the message to the patient. Hard of hearing, limited English, heavily medicated.


16 Must be able to understand If it looks like the patient doesn’t understand, ask questions or restate information. Patient may have language barrier or speech impediment Receiver’s attitude and prejudices may interfere with understanding. HCW must be aware of their own prejudices and attitudes when receiving messages.


18 Minimize disruptions

19 Interruptions or distractions can interfere with communication Caused by loud noises, uncomfortable temp, bright light, phones, loud television, radio


21 Listening

22 Essential part of effective communication Involves paying attention and making an attempt to hear what is being said. Must develop good listening skills

23 How to be a good listener Show interest and concern Be alert and maintain eye contact Avoid interrupting the speaker

24 Avoid thinking about how you will respond Eliminate distractions Ask for clarification

25 Keep your temper under control and maintain a positive attitude. Eliminate your prejudices and try to see the other person’s point of view

26 Why do we communicate?

27 Build relationships Give instructions Gather information Reports

28 Describe this

29 What about this?

30 Types of Communication Verbal Non-verbal

31 Nonverbal Communication Nonverbal messages carry more meaning than verbal messages Involves facial expressions, body language, gestures, eye contact and touch


33 Must be aware of own body language and the message it may convey Must be aware of patient’s body language as well. When verbal and nonverbal messages agree, receiver is more likely to understand

34 Cultural Diversity

35 Culture Values, beliefs, attitudes, and customs shared by a group of people

36 Culture may be a barrier to communication in healthcare setting Beliefs about what causes illness and how to treat it.

37 Language differences-find an interpreter Eye contact-looking down vs. eye-to- eye contact Patient may not make healthcare decisions

38 Touch-may be inappropriate to touch on the head Only family members provide personal care

39 Respect for and acceptance of cultural diversity is essential for any health care worker.

40 Summary Write down 3 things you have learned about communication. How will you use what you have learned when communicating?

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