Presentation on theme: "Lesson 2: Mass T. Trimpe 2008"— Presentation transcript:
Lesson 2: Mass T. Trimpe 2008 http://sciencespot.net/
Activator Which is larger? 1 pound or 100 grams 1 kilogram or 1 pound 1 ounce or 1000 milligrams 1 lb = 453.6 g100 kg = 220 lb1 oz. = 28,349.5mg 1 pound or 100 grams 1 kilogram or 1 pound 1 ounce or 1000 milligrams
Metric Units Mass refers to the amount of matter in an object. The base unit of mass in the metric system is the kilogram and is represented by kg. Standard: 1 kilogram is equal to the mass of the International Prototype Kilogram (IPK), a platinum-iridium cylinder kept by the BIPM at Sèvres, France. Metric Units 1 Kilogram (kg) = 1000 Grams (g) 1 Gram (g) = 1000 Milligrams (mg) Which is larger? A. 1 kilogram or 1500 grams B. 1200 milligrams or 1 gram C. 12 milligrams or 12 kilograms D. 4 kilograms or 4500 grams Click the words below to watch a short video about mass. World's Roundest Object Kilogram Prototype Kilogram Prototype Image - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kilogram
Measuring Mass Top Image: http://www.southwestscales.com/Ohaus_Triple_Beam_750-SO.jpg Bottom Image: http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/biology/units/laboratory/graphics/triplebeambalance.jpg We will be using triple-beam balances to find the mass of various objects. The objects are placed on the scale and then you move the weights on the beams until you get the lines on the right-side of the scale to match up. Once you have balanced the scale, you add up the amounts on each beam to find the total mass. What would be the mass of the object measured in the picture? _______ + ______ + _______ = ________ g
Measuring Mass – Triple-Beam Balance. 1 st – Place the item on the scale. 2 nd – Slide the large weight to the right until the arm drops below the line. Move the rider back one groove. Make sure it “locks” into place. 3 rd – Repeat this process with the top weight. When the arm moves below the line, back it up one groove. 4 th – Slide the small weight on the front beam until the lines match up. 5 th – Add the amounts on each beam to find the total mass to the nearest tenth of a gram.