Presentation on theme: "By Hunter Campbell, and AJ Cannelli. Founded in 1909, the national Association for the advancement of colored people, today has approximately 425,000."— Presentation transcript:
Founded in 1909, the national Association for the advancement of colored people, today has approximately 425,000 members The NAACP was the first Civil Rights organization established in the United states. Their goal was full equality and cival rights for African American, and was a major player in the struggle for full social, economical, and political equality.
It called for federal anti-lynching laws and coordinated a series of challenges to state- sponsor segregation in public schools, an effort that led to the land mark 1954 Supreme Court decision in Brown v Board of education, which declared the doctrine of “separate but equal” to be unconstitutional.
Founded in 1909-1910 in New York City by a group of white and black intellectuals. Founders: Ida B. Wells, W.E.B DuBois, Henry Moscowitz, Mary White Ovington, Oswald Garrison Villard, William English Walling. Thousands of black and white members who wanted a change.
The NAACP was founded on February 12, 1909 It was first Civil Rights movement in America. Most of its important events occured from 1909-1965.
NAACP's stated goal was to secure for all people the rights guaranteed in the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the United States Constitution, which promised an end to slavery, the equal protection of the law, and universal adult male suffrage, respectively. Wanted to stop Jim crow laws in the south.
policy reviews political lobbying political protests political mobilization legal challenges/ court cases Raise awareness Protest marches
1917, July 28, the NAACP organized the largest civil rights protest in United States’ history. 1919: The pamphlet, Thirty Years of Lynching in the United States is published. 1930s: During this decade, the organization began providing moral, economic and legal support for African-Americans suffering criminal injustice. 1948: President Harry Truman becomes the first president to formally address the NAACP. Truman worked with the NAACP to develop a commission to study and offer ideas to improve civil rights issues in the United States. 1954: The landmark Supreme Court decision, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson ruling. The ruling declared that racial segregation violated the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment. The ruling made it unconstitutional to separate students of different races in public school.
1955: Rosa Parks, The Montgomery Bus Boycott 1963 March on Washington Marched with the SCLC 1964-1965: The NAACP played a pivotal role in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965. Through cases fought and won in the U.S. Supreme Court as well as grassroots initiatives such as the Freedom Summer, the NAACP consistently appealed to various levels of government to change American society.
In the end, the major victories of the NAACP were: - Advancing voting rights (ending the grandfather clause, the white primacy, and discriminatory residential covenants). - Eliminating Jim Crow laws in the south. - End segregation in places of public accommodation and education.
http://www.naacp.org/ http://www.naacp.org/ http://americanhistory.si.edu/brown/history/3- organized/naacp.html http://americanhistory.si.edu/brown/history/3- organized/naacp.html http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1595.html http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1595.html The Sixties in America The Civil Rights Movement 1964