2 Learning Objectives1. Understand the geographical impact of crises and shocks to the tourism system.2. Appreciate the role of technology in shaping the future geography of travel and tourism.3. Understand the changing behaviour of tourists.4. Recognise the importance of the environmental movement in tourism.5. Understand the changing nature of tourism destinations.6. Appreciate the effect of changes in the global economic and political situation in shaping the future geography of travel and tourism.7. Recognise the trend towards the globalisation of the tourism sector.
3 The Future Geography of Travel and Tourism: Introduction “Shocks”MarketsDestinationsThe Tourism SectorA New World OrderCross-Cultural VariablesTechnologySustainabilityConsumers
5 Markets Changing patterns of generating and destination countries Ceiling of time, and supply side issues – war, air traffic control bottlenecks etcChanging market demands – demographics, lifestyle, the ‘new’ tourist
6 DestinationsDrive for Sustainability (2002 World Summit for Sustainable Development)Resource-based destination strategiesMarket-oriented destination strategiesClimate changeVirtual reality (VR)?Space tourism
7 Transport Energy issues Civil aviation trends VTOL Personal freedom vs. mass transitHigh speed sea vesselsMega-cruise ships
8 Globalisation and A New World Order General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)Economic blocs – EU, NAFTA, ASEANCity states and politics of regionsConsequences of globalisation for tourism
9 The New Tourism The new tourism will be characterised by: The diffusion of a system of new information technologies in the tourism industryDeregulation of the airline industry and financial servicesThe negative impact of mass tourism on host countriesThe movement away from sunlust to sun-plus tourismEnvironmental pressuresTechnologyCompetitionChanging consumer tastes