Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3-2 New England Colonies. 3-2 Religious Freedom Religious freedom pushed the next wave of settlers to N. America People unhappy w/ Anglican church."— Presentation transcript:
3-2 Religious Freedom Religious freedom pushed the next wave of settlers to N. America People unhappy w/ Anglican church dissented or disagreed w/ the church Catholics for example were persecuted, or treated harshly, for their beliefs Protestants that want to reform the church were Puritans while Separatists want to break away
3-2 Pilgrims Separatists that made an agreement w/ the Virginia Company to set out on a religious journey Mayflower – 1620 pilgrims = 35 of 102 on the journey the rest were known as strangers Landed North of Virginia in Plymouth Led by William Bradford Wrote their own set of laws and pledged allegiance to England in the Mayflower Compact a form of rep. gov.
3-2 Native American Help ½ died in the first winter Squanto and Samoset gave aide to the Pilgrims Squanto knew English after being kidnapped and taken to Europe S&S helped the Pilgrims make a treaty with Massasoit of the Wampanoag
3-2 Massachusetts 1625 Charles I becomes King and persecution of Puritans increases 1629 Puritans form Massachusetts Bay Company Receive a charter to settle north of Plymouth 1630 John Winthrop chosen as governor Leads 900 to Mass. Bay and settle Boston Great Migration – 1630’s 15000 Puritans journey to Mass. General Court established as a form of rep gov Toleration - Puritans persecute people with different beliefs
3-2 Connecticut 1630’s colonists begin to settle south of Mass. b/c of fertile land 1636 Thomas Hooker led his congregation to Connecticut and founded Hartford 1639 – Hartford, Windsor, Wethersford form the Colony of Connecticut 1639 - Fundamental Orders of Connecticut adapted and becomes the first written constitution and fully described rep. gov.
3-2 Rhode Island Established by colonists that were forced out of Mass. Roger Williams felt people should not be persecuted and gov. has no right to interfere with religion Also felt land should not be taken away from Native Americans 1635 banished 1644 receives a charter and establishes a colony called Rhode Island and Providence Plantation
3-2 New Hampshire 1638 – John Wheelwright followed William’s example Leads a group north and establishes the town of Exeter in New Hampshire 1679 – New Hampshire becomes independent of Mass.
3-2 Native American Conflict Caused by settlers moving out into lands w/ out permission or payment 1636 – War erupts in Mass. And Conn. With Pequot 1675 – King Phillip’s war (Metacomet) leader of the Wampanoag Colonists win and end the Native American power in New England and are free to expand