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Medieval Society Feudalism: A Life of Obligation.

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Presentation on theme: "Medieval Society Feudalism: A Life of Obligation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Medieval Society Feudalism: A Life of Obligation

2 Invaders Attack Western Europe
The Vikings Originally from Scandinavia Nicknames - “Eric Bloodaxe” Quick raids B. Magyars and Muslims 1. Magyars attacked from the East (Hungary); took captives as slaves; 2. Attacked villages and monasteries 3. Muslims from the South; expert seafarers 4. Plan to conquer and settle in Europe


THE POPE – Bishop of Rome, and the head of the Roman Catholic Church. Claimed to have authority over all Christians. Cardinals – Next level of authority, and close advisors of both Pope and kings. Bishop – oversaw the salvation of a territory within the Archbishops territory. Priests – Oversaw the salvation of individuals in part of the Bishops territory. Archbishop – Oversaw the salvation of a piece of territory within Western Christianity. Monks & Nuns – Separated from society, and dedicated themselves to prayer, learning, and piety. Everyone else Tools at the disposal of the Pope – Excommunication, Interdict, Declare you a heretic/ enemy of Christianity Was the Pope the most powerful man in the Medieval world?

Feudalism – Was a system of government based on obligation to people of “higher social status” NOT CENTRALIZED! CHIVALRY PEASANTS KNIGHTS LORDS KING Feudalism was born out of a need for protection, as there was no “government” to protect people from invasions. - THREE TYPES OF PEOPLE- Nobility, Clergy, Peasants Lords vassals of King – Knights vassals of Lords – Peasants worked for Lords – Lords protected the Peasants & Clergy – Clergy made sure everyone went to Heaven.

6 Manorialism Economic side of Feudalism
Manor vs. Castle – A castle was a military structure, while a manor was the house of a great lord.

7 Castles do not become common until after the year 1000, as they were
expensive to build and maintain.

8 Life on the Manor Terms to Know: Three Field Crop Rotation Fallow
Peasant vs. Serf Fief Village Manor House Peasants/serfs farmed the land, Lords ensured their safety and provided them a place to live, Local priest ensured their salvation. Peasants/serfs paid taxes/rent to Lord. Peasants/serfs and Lord paid taxes to Church (Tithe) Church provided all social services to the village & Lord.

9 Keeping Order in the Middle Ages



12 Keeping order for the more hardened criminal.

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