2 Invaders Attack Western Europe The VikingsOriginally from ScandinaviaNicknames - “Eric Bloodaxe”Quick raidsB. Magyars and Muslims1. Magyars attacked from the East (Hungary); took captives as slaves;2. Attacked villages and monasteries3. Muslims from the South; expert seafarers4. Plan to conquer and settle in Europe
4 THE STRUCTURE OF THE MEDIEVAL CHURCH THE POPE – Bishop of Rome, andthe head of the Roman Catholic Church. Claimed to have authorityover all Christians.Cardinals – Next levelof authority, and closeadvisors of both Popeand kings.Bishop – oversaw the salvation of a territory within the Archbishops territory.Priests – Oversaw the salvationof individuals in part of the Bishopsterritory.Archbishop – Oversawthe salvation of a piece ofterritory within WesternChristianity.Monks & Nuns – Separated from society, and dedicated themselves to prayer, learning, and piety.Everyone elseTools at the disposal of the Pope – Excommunication, Interdict, Declare you a heretic/enemy of ChristianityWas the Pope the most powerful man in the Medieval world?
5 PEASANTS KING KNIGHTS LORDS Feudalism – Was a system of government based on obligation to people of “higher social status”NOT CENTRALIZED!CHIVALRYPEASANTSKNIGHTSLORDSKINGFeudalism was born out of a need for protection, as there was no“government” to protect people from invasions.- THREE TYPES OF PEOPLE- Nobility, Clergy, PeasantsLords vassals of King – Knights vassals of Lords – Peasants worked forLords – Lords protected the Peasants & Clergy – Clergy made sure everyonewent to Heaven.
6 Manorialism Economic side of Feudalism Manor vs. Castle – A castle was a military structure, while a manor was the house of a great lord.
7 Castles do not become common until after the year 1000, as they were expensive to build and maintain.
8 Life on the Manor Terms to Know: Three Field Crop Rotation Fallow Peasant vs. SerfFiefVillageManor HousePeasants/serfs farmed the land, Lords ensured their safety andprovided them a place to live, Localpriest ensured their salvation.Peasants/serfs paid taxes/rent to Lord. Peasants/serfs and Lord paid taxes to Church (Tithe)Church provided all social servicesto the village & Lord.