Presentation on theme: "Africa Adaptation Programme NMS requirements for GFCS related research and capacity development Joseph D. Intsiful Data and information Management Expert."— Presentation transcript:
Africa Adaptation Programme NMS requirements for GFCS related research and capacity development Joseph D. Intsiful Data and information Management Expert Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa WMO GFCS Workshop, WMO, Geneva, 10 – 12 OCTOBER 2011
Content Background - nature of the problem of capacity in NMS Need for innovative approaches to capacity development The role of regional institutions Building on existing regional programmes Summary and conclusion Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Background Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Global Distribution of Disasters Caused by Natural Hazards and their Impacts ( ) Source: EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database - - Université Catholique de Louvain - Brussels - Belgiumc 90 % of events 70 % of casualties 78 % of economic losses are related to hydro-meteorological hazards and conditions. Economic losses Loss of life Number of events
Impacts of Climate-Related Extremes on the Rise ! Intensity Frequency Heatwaves Heavy rainfall / Flood Strong Wind Water Resource Management People Agriculture Energy Urban areas Need for long-term planning to manage multi-sectoral risks Drought Transportation Hazard intensity and frequency increasing linked to climate variability and change! Vulnerability and exposure on the rise ! Source: 2006 WMO DRR report
Climate Products for Risk Management and Adaptation Planning Season to year Next hour to 10 days Decade Long term climate change Short to medium term weather forecasts Seasonal to inter- annual climate forecasts Decadal climate trend analysis Short-term planning Emergency Preparedness International negotiations with national policy implications Climate change scenarios Decision-making Timelines Long-term strategic planning Infrastructures planning, retrofitting Land zoning Medium-term operational planning Risk assessment and management
Challenges to the delivery of products and services to support national development Source: 2006 WMO Country-level DRR survey Over 88 % of NMHS in Africa, are challenged in delivering climate products and services to support DRR 92% lack appropriate application software 96% need upgrading of operational infrastructure to support DRR 92% need technical training on production of climate products and services 85% say lack of effective co-ordination with other agencies involved in DRR impacts negatively on operations
Need for innovative approaches to Capacity Development in NMS
Requires supporting NMS to develop Integrated and Comprehensive approaches to providing robust and user- relevant Climate Products and Services Efficient data and information management support to countries to effectively support National Planning and Decision Making Mechanisms Participatory stakeholder interactions to involve the user community in problem definition and solution development processes Elements of Innovative Approaches
Emerging thinking: User, Application and Service Season to year Next hour to 10 days Decade Long term climate change Short to medium term weather forecasts Eg tropical cyclone, storm surge, flood Probabilistic seasonal to inter annual forecast eg: probabilities of severity and intensity of extreme events Decadal climate trend analysis Climate change scenarios emergency planning activation and response Eg: evacuation Medium to long-term strategic planning Infrastructure development Land use zoning and planning Building codes Urban & coastal areas seasonal preparation of Stocking of constrution materials Long-term strategic planning Local and national emergency service Governmental authorities Public Urban planners Local to national govt Banks Companies Legislators USERS APPLICATION SERVICE Local and national emergency service Construction companies Food suppliers
Integrated & Comprehensive Data Collection/Sharing Framework Multi-disciplinary, Spatio-temporal and Data Platform-independent Standard
Integrated Analysis and Visualization Seamless Data Integration 1.Tier 0: A central computer that is large enough to host considerable amount of data located at International Centre for Theoretical Physics (AAP partner) 2.Tier 1: Consist of four African Regional Centres with capacity large enough to guarantee that combined data created and stored is similar to that of Tier 0. 3.Tier 2: Consist of all AAP Countries that will access the infrastructure by means of an internet - web interface. Integrating platform to integrate heterogeneous and multi- disciplinary datasets Integrated data analysis and visualization – frontend of Decision Support Tools for multi-sectoral assessment Integrated Data Analysis and Viewer
Regional Multi-tier Climate Data storage and Computational Infrastructure Tier 2: All member countries Tier 1: Regional Centres Tier 0: Control Centre
NMS Components Climate Products and Services Institutional Capacity Development – Leadership and organizational effectiveness Legal, Media and Communication Innovative Financing Knowledge Management Project Management – Monitoring and Evaluation Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
The role of regional institutions
Building Sustainable Regional Capacity Improve capabilities within MNS through collective action Share knowledge and experiences on nation-specific benefits Contribute to the reduction of asymmetries among countries Demonstrate that a regional climate service can be enhanced as a result of improving national components Agree upon regional coordination mechanisms Mobilize regional resources (financial, human and infrastructure) to promote regional capacity Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa Climate information as a regional public good
Inter-Regional Technical Support Component (IRTSC) Climate Products and Services Institutional Capacity Development – Leadership and organizational effectiveness Legal, Media and Communication Innovative Financing Knowledge Management Project Management – Monitoring and Evaluation Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Facilitate access to the best available data and information on climate variability, change and impacts to support dynamic, long-term national planning and decision-making mechanisms. Through: Assisting in the early analysis and design of national projects and, as those projects are being initiated and implemented. Providing assistance to countries in accessing/generating, collecting and analyzing best available data on climate variability, change and its impacts. Building capacities of countries to address operational challenges - establishment and use of e-infrastructure (ICT, data, tools, methods, network of institutions), early warning systems and decision support tools. A Key IRTSC Function
IRTSC support to national activities Country activities are designed to achieve …. –Strengthening provision of climate products for national planning to enable countries manage both existing and future risks associated with climate change and other causes –Building effective leadership and institutional frameworks for enhanced coordination and cohesion of activities –Supporting the piloting of innovative research initiatives –Identifying a range of financing options for sustained operation –Building knowledge management systems and promoting information sharing –Building mechanisms to ensure successful implementation of activities activities are designed to ensure that inter- regional expertise and capacity development is provided to countries including..... Advice and assistance relating to appropriate use of climate information in government decision/ policy-making and planning mechanisms Support for leadership development and institutional reform as well as enabling individual development Encouraging exposure to world best practices - data, tools and methods Support in finding innovative funding options (e.g. public-private partnerships) Creation of region-wide databases and learning opportunities Support for project management to enforce monitoring and evaluation
Establishing and strengthening strategic networks Built/strengthened network at different scale/level: – in-country linkages between climate products and services providers, policy/decision makers and end- users (disaster management institutions, NGOs, private and public sectors institutions). – strategic networks with key regional centres (ACMAD, CIIFEN, ACPC and RSMCs) and International Climate Centres (UKMO, NCAR, Meteo France, etc). – strategic networks with key international institutions (WMO, UNFCCC, WFP, ISDR, UNDP, UNEP, IFRC, ICTP, etc).
In-country technical assistance - mentoring, trouble shooting and advisory services Developed a Helpdesk to enable rapid response to problem resolution – established a local network of problem-solvers, mentors and advisors. In-country technical support for: – services on data and information management: data collection, analysis, e-infrastructure, tools and methods – Support procurement, use and management of operational infrastructure - early warning systems and decision support tools.
Building on existing regional programmes Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Climate forecasts could be of substantial benefit to society in adapting to and mitigating the impacts of climate variability and change. RCOFs produce and disseminate a regional assessment (using a consensus- based approach) of regional climate for the upcoming season. RCOFs bring together national, regional and international climate experts, on an operational basis, to produce regional climate outlooks based on input from NMHSs, regional institutions, Regional Climate Centres (RCCs) and Global Producing Centres of long range forecasts (GPCs). Through interaction with sectoral users, extension agencies and policy makers, RCOFs assess the likely implications of the outlooks on the core socio-economic sectors in the region and explore potential applications of these outlooks. RCOF sessions feed into national forums to develop detailed national-scale climate outlooks and risk information including warnings for communication to decision-makers and the public. Regional Climate Outlook Forums (RCOFs)
Climate for Development in Africa (ClimDev-Africa) Initiative Generation and wide dissemination of reliable and high quality information on climatic situation in Africa. Capacity enhancement of policy makers and policy support institutions to integrate information on climate change into development programs. Implementation of pilot adaptation practices that demonstrate the value of mainstreaming climate information into development. Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa Primary focus three areas:
Summary and Conclusion
Summary & Conclusion Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa Design and implement climate services based on the identified users demand Assist in the generation of specific public policies regarding climate services Ensure alliances with private, public, community and media Foster the consolidation of multi-institutional frameworks Develop a resource mobilization plan Ensure the timely provision of training, e-infrastructure and knowledge networks Ensure formal commitments and alliances.
Summary and Conclusion Helpdesk for effective in-country technical support and services should be established at the regional level Data and information management strategy should be developed and implemented. Relevant networks and partnerships to support data and information management should be established. Use existing regional and international projects to harness national resources and talents (e.g. CORDEX initiative). Development of e-infrastructure for data and information management, early warning and decision support tools for national planning and development.
Targeted hands-on training to address specific needs of countries. Continuously improve the e- infrastructure, tools and methods as updates become available. Joint initiatives with partners to deliver products and services to support countries. Summary and Conclusion
Appropriate national and regional frameworks should be established and negotiated with involvement of all stakeholders – national ownership. Research partnerships would enhance regional and North-South collaboration – improve delivery of technical support and services. Improved e-infrastructure would enhance the capacity of countries to provide a wide range of robust climate products and services in a timely manner.