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Exploring Undergraduate Mental Health and Well-being.

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Presentation on theme: "Exploring Undergraduate Mental Health and Well-being."— Presentation transcript:

1 Exploring Undergraduate Mental Health and Well-being

2 The term mental health describes a sense of well-being. The term mental health describes a sense of well-being. There is still a great deal of stigma attached to mental health There is still a great deal of stigma attached to mental health It is hoped that providing students with the appropriate knowledge, guidance and support this will relay some of their fears It is hoped that providing students with the appropriate knowledge, guidance and support this will relay some of their fears

3 The figures 50% increase in the number of students seeking counselling over the previous 5 years (Kitzrow, 2003). 50% increase in the number of students seeking counselling over the previous 5 years (Kitzrow, 2003). 92% of counselling centres endorsed a continued trend towards students on campus with severe psychological problems (Gallagher, 2007). 92% of counselling centres endorsed a continued trend towards students on campus with severe psychological problems (Gallagher, 2007). 50% of students reported having emotional or stress-related problems over the past year (Hyun, Quinn, Madon and Lustig, 2006) 50% of students reported having emotional or stress-related problems over the past year (Hyun, Quinn, Madon and Lustig, 2006) 75% of students aware of on-campus counselling services. 26% utilized this service (Hyun et al, 2006) 75% of students aware of on-campus counselling services. 26% utilized this service (Hyun et al, 2006)

4 There is a real need to understand students worries and the type of issues they face. There is a real need to understand students worries and the type of issues they face. Issues range from financial worries, family issues and homesickness to low self-esteem which may have an effect on their well being and mental health Issues range from financial worries, family issues and homesickness to low self-esteem which may have an effect on their well being and mental health

5 Many of the issues go unnoticed or untreated by both the student and service personnel within the university Many of the issues go unnoticed or untreated by both the student and service personnel within the university For many reasons: For many reasons: Stigma Stigma Thinking they can cope Thinking they can cope Not knowing where to turn Not knowing where to turn Unaware of the services available Unaware of the services available

6 Previous research have identified a number of issues. The majority focus on academic success Previous research have identified a number of issues. The majority focus on academic success Data from support and counselling services which do not take into account those students struggling that do not seek out counselling or support. Data from support and counselling services which do not take into account those students struggling that do not seek out counselling or support. Data from student questionnaires which address specific issues such as depression, stress and anxiety Data from student questionnaires which address specific issues such as depression, stress and anxiety

7 The fall-out from MH issues among students and young people manifest in a number of ways; The fall-out from MH issues among students and young people manifest in a number of ways;suicideself-harmdrugs/alcoholdepressiondrop-out poor academic performance

8 One great concern of the current political agenda is young peoples mental health and incidences of self harm and suicide. In Wales the at risk group is from 15-24. In Wales the at risk group is from 15-24. The average age at Trinity is 22 The average age at Trinity is 22 The number of suicide deaths occurring each year in Wales is around 300 (aged 15 and over). The number of suicide deaths occurring each year in Wales is around 300 (aged 15 and over). Three quarters of suicides are of men: 21 per 100,000 population for men and 6 per 100,000 for women. Three quarters of suicides are of men: 21 per 100,000 population for men and 6 per 100,000 for women.

9 The suicide rate in Wales is higher than the UK average. At least 6,000 people are taken into hospital each year because they have harmed themselves. At least 6,000 people are taken into hospital each year because they have harmed themselves. In reality, this number is probably much higher, as many people who harm themselves are treated as outpatients or keep it hidden and do not ask for help. In reality, this number is probably much higher, as many people who harm themselves are treated as outpatients or keep it hidden and do not ask for help.

10 Wales 1996-2006 Although suicide is rare, it still ranks among the highest causes of death among young people. Although suicide is rare, it still ranks among the highest causes of death among young people. (National public health service for Wales, 2008) (National public health service for Wales, 2008)

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13 Key initiatives in Wales Mental Health first aid programme (Mind Cymru) Mental Health first aid programme (Mind Cymru) Extension of CALL help line to a 24/7 facility Extension of CALL help line to a 24/7 facility Strategies to reduce self harm and suicide Strategies to reduce self harm and suicide

14 Strategic Objectives Promote mental health and well-being Promote mental health and well-being Improving children and young peoples MH through the healthy schools schemes and PSE Expansion of school counselling services Develop additional approaches to providing the population with information, help and advice Deliver early intervention Deliver early intervention Ensuring timely access to a range of information, counselling and support services Structured counselling in primary care settings Response to personal crisis Response to personal crisis Full development of crisis resolution and home treatment services MH advisors are available to each youth offending team Ensure rigorous follow up and support for care leavers

15 Manage the consequences of suicide and self- harm Manage the consequences of suicide and self- harm Ensure that support and counselling services are available for those affected by suicide and self harm Develop guidelines for local partners on responding to a suspected cluster of suicides Promote learning and research and improve information on suicide and suicide prevention Promote learning and research and improve information on suicide and suicide prevention Evaluation of suicide and self harm programmes Undertake action research on outreach work to investigate MH and well being needs and encourage help seeking behaviour in children and young people Work with the media to ensure appropriate reporting Work with the media to ensure appropriate reporting Work on developing national media guidance in collaboration with other home nations and Samaritans Use of social networking to raise awareness of suicide and sources of support

16 However…what about HE students? All of the prospective strategies and interventions concentrate on schools, those in care and young people in general. All of the prospective strategies and interventions concentrate on schools, those in care and young people in general. There is no current strategy aimed at helping students in higher education. There is no current strategy aimed at helping students in higher education. Universities and HE colleges are left to monitor and deal with these issues themselves. Universities and HE colleges are left to monitor and deal with these issues themselves.

17 Our Study

18 Aims of the research To develop a comprehensive strategy/good practice guideline to support students mental health and well-being during their time at university.

19 To facilitate this, a collaborative group consisting of academic and support staff and student hostel wardens will work together to identify the level and risk in terms of mental health and well-being.

20 All members of the group have undertaken the Mind Cymru Mental Health First Aid course which teaches people how to recognise the symptoms of mental distress and provide initial help. All members of the group have undertaken the Mind Cymru Mental Health First Aid course which teaches people how to recognise the symptoms of mental distress and provide initial help. All wardens have received training from student support staff and the universitys counsellors. All wardens have received training from student support staff and the universitys counsellors. All members have available to them key contact names and numbers – provided in their student survival guide and warden pack. All members have available to them key contact names and numbers – provided in their student survival guide and warden pack.

21 Initial meetings Assured that they are not there to diagnose, but simply to listen and provide advice, guidance or referral to the most appropriate person/agency. Assured that they are not there to diagnose, but simply to listen and provide advice, guidance or referral to the most appropriate person/agency. Confidentiality/anonimity Confidentiality/anonimity Discussed potential issues and difficulties they may face. Discussed potential issues and difficulties they may face.

22 Year of study Level of Study Time of Day Gender 0800 to 12 midday 12 mday to 16001600to2000 2000 to midnight Midnight to 0800 1234UGPGMF Brief note of the issue brought to your attention: Warden Action Note, if applicable Reassurance, no further action Reassurance, further Warden contact necessary Reassurance, referral to Student Services Reassurance, referral to Counselling Services Emergency action necessary – contact duty Personnel in College Emergency action necessary – external services contacted (please indicate which)

23 Name of Warden Name of Block/House Date Number of requests to Warden during the week - Issue related to….. Brief detail, with action taken (please continue overleaf if necessary) General, non specific Maintenance Catering Safety Student Disturbance Personal issue Data Gathering Form Weekly Sheet

24 Monthly focus group meetings Discuss and collate information on well being and mental health issues that arise in the student population Discuss courses of action taken to support individuals and to identify any gaps in provision It is anticipated that this evaluation will aid early identification of MH issues and the development of early intervention strategies to support student wellbeing

25 Issues discovered so far… Family issues Family issues Transition from school/college to university Leaving home for the first time Alcohol induced Alcohol induced Depressive episodes Academic worries Suicide/self harm Suicide/self harm Self harming Suicidal thoughts

26 What do we hope to gain Information from students about students. Information from students about students. Provide the students with a mental health and well being guide Provide the students with a mental health and well being guide A set of mental health and well-being issues that can be used to develop further study A set of mental health and well-being issues that can be used to develop further study

27 Where will the research go in the future A set of mental health and well-being indicators A set of mental health and well-being indicators Encourage other Universities/colleges to undertake a similar programme Encourage other Universities/colleges to undertake a similar programme Provide a guide book for student well being and mental health for all Universities/HE colleges. Provide a guide book for student well being and mental health for all Universities/HE colleges.

28 Gallagher, R. P. (2007). National survey of counseling center directors. International Association of Counseling Services, Inc. Gallagher, R. P. (2007). National survey of counseling center directors. International Association of Counseling Services, Inc. Hyun, J. Quinn, B. Madon, T and Lustig, S. (2006) Graduate Student Mental Health: Needs Assessment and Utilization of Counseling Services. J.Coll. Stud. Dev. 47(3):247-266. Hyun, J. Quinn, B. Madon, T and Lustig, S. (2006) Graduate Student Mental Health: Needs Assessment and Utilization of Counseling Services. J.Coll. Stud. Dev. 47(3):247-266. Kitzrow, M. A. (2003). The mental health needs of today's college students: Challenges and recommendations. NASPA Journal, 41 (1), 165-179 Kitzrow, M. A. (2003). The mental health needs of today's college students: Challenges and recommendations. NASPA Journal, 41 (1), 165-179 National public health service for Wales. Suicide in Wales Briefing document to Bridgend Local Health Board January 2008 National public health service for Wales. Suicide in Wales Briefing document to Bridgend Local Health Board January 2008 Price S (2007) Suicide Prevention: Summary of the Evidence. National Public Health Service for Wales. Price S (2007) Suicide Prevention: Summary of the Evidence. National Public Health Service for Wales. Welsh Assembly Government. A National Action Plan to Reduce. Suicide and Self Harm in Wales 2008-2013 References


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