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Using Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria Peter Noakes Department of Electronic Systems Engineering University of Essex.

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1 Using Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria Peter Noakes Department of Electronic Systems Engineering University of Essex

2 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 2 Purpose of this Talk To provide an introduction to topics and related background information that will help us to provide more concise module specifications To improve your efficiency in generating appropriate Learning Outcomes, Assessment Methods and Assessment Criteria for the modules you teach At the same time provide better transparency for students by making module specifications clearer and unambiguous and improve students commitment to self learning by clarifying what is expected of a student Consequently this should improve student progression and encourage better student retention

3 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 3 Structure of Talk Background Learning Outcomes Level Descriptors (QAA, SEEC, EPC) Assessment Methods Assessment Criteria An Example for You Report Back and Discussion

4 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 4 Reference Sources This presentation is based on the content of the following publications: How to use Level Descriptors by Jenny Moon, SEEC*, 2002 How to Use Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria by David Gosling and Jenny Moon, SEEC*, 3 rd Edition 2002 Assessment: A Guide for Lecturers by George Brown, LTSN Generic Centre, 2001 Guide for Busy Academics, LTSN Generic Centre *Southern England Consortium for Credit Accumulation and Transfer (http://www.seec-office.org.uk )http://www.seec-office.org.uk

5 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 5 Background A Programme defines study or learning required to achieve an award or qualification A Programme Specification is required by the QAA for each award or qualification and defines the threshold learning outcomes for the programme A Programme comprises a number of Modules each of which is separately assessed and earns credit when successfully completed Using the outcomes model each Module Description defines the intended (threshold?) learning outcomes, the syllabus coverage and the assessment methods and criteria for the module. Achievement of Module Learning Outcome should contribute to a students satisfaction of the programme learning outcomes

6 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 6 Learning Outcome-based Model Traditionally an academic would first define the syllabus coverage, then develop how its taught and finally determine the method of assessing the students absorption of the material. The outcome-based model has three interconnected components: 1.An explicit statement of learning intent (intended learning outcome) which focuses on what the student is expected to know and be able to do by the end of the module, expressed in a form that permits their achievement to be demonstrated and measured 2.The processes and resources to enable the outcomes to be achieved and demonstrated (curriculum, teaching, learning methods and materials, assessment and support and guidance methods) 3.The criteria for assessing whether the intended learning outcomes have been achieved and for differentiating the performance of students. They are dependent on the level at which the module is targeted

7 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 7 Level / Qualification Descriptors? A Level is an indicator of the relative demand, complexity, depth of study and learner autonomy A Level (Qualification) Descriptor is a generic statement describing the characteristics and context of learning expected at each specific level. Module Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria are reviewed with respect to a level descriptor when developing a module and assigning credit at the appropriate level. QAA defines Qualification Descriptors in the Qualification Framework for Higher Education as Level C, Level I, Level H and Level M. These broadly correspond to Years 1, 2, 3 and first year postgraduate level respectively SEEC defines Level Descriptors as Level Zero, Level 1, Level 2, Level 3 and Masters Level. These broadly correspond to preliminary Year, Years 1, 2, 3 and first year postgraduate level respectively

8 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 8 Level Descriptors? Think of Level Descriptors as a means of communication about expectations of students study They are not rigid but developmental Student Learning is commonly described in terms of : complexity of knowledge and understanding standard of cognitive skills key or transferable skills achieved the expected responsibility of the learner the autonomy or independence of the learner amount of guidance required by the learner Be careful of differences in the implied standard of learning! Is it defined for a threshold student, an average (or typical!) student or the best student?

9 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 9 Hierarchy of the Cognitive Domain 6EvaluationAbility to make a judgement of the worth of something 5SynthesisAbility to combine separate elements into a whole 4AnalysisAbility to break a problem into its constituent parts and establish the relationships between each one 3ApplicationAbility to apply rephrased knowledge in a novel situation 2ManipulationAbility to rephrase knowledge 1KnowledgeThat which can be recalled Based on Blooms Taxonomy of Educational Objectives

10 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 10 Programme Learning Outcomes Guidance is provided by: QAA Level H Descriptors and Benchmark Statements for Engineering Computing Biosciences SEECs generic HE Level 3 Definition Engineering Professors Conferences 26 Ability to Statements for Engineering Programmes Also see the accreditation requirements used by Professional Bodies (e.g. Engineering Councils SARTOR 97 or latest UK SPEC)

11 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 11 QAA General Honours Descriptors Level H - A Students successfully completing programme requirements at this level will have demonstrated: 1.a systematic understanding of key aspects of their field of study, including acquisition of coherent and detailed knowledge, at least some of which is at or informed by, the forefront of defined aspects of a discipline; 2.an ability to deploy accurately established techniques of analysis and enquiry within a discipline; 3.conceptual understanding that enables the student: to devise and sustain arguments, and/or to solve problems, using ideas and techniques, some of which are at the forefront of a discipline; and to describe and comment upon particular aspects of current research, or equivalent advanced scholarship, in the discipline; 4.an appreciation of the uncertainty, ambiguity and limits of knowledge; 5.the ability to manage their own learning, and to make use of scholarly reviews and primary sources (e.g. refereed research articles and/or original materials appropriate to the discipline).

12 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 12 QAA General Honours Descriptors Level H - B Typically, successful students at this level will be able to: a)apply the methods and techniques that they have learned to review, consolidate, extend and apply their knowledge and understanding, and to initiate and carry out projects; b)critically evaluate arguments, assumptions, abstract concepts and data (that may be incomplete), to make judgements, and to frame appropriate questions to achieve a solution - or identify a range of solutions - to a problem; c)communicate information, ideas, problems, and solutions to both specialist and non-specialist audiences; and will have: d)qualities and transferable skills necessary for employment requiring: the exercise of initiative and personal responsibility; decision-making in complex and unpredictable contexts; and the learning ability needed to undertake appropriate further training of a professional or equivalent nature.

13 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 13 SEEC Generic Level Descriptors: Development of Knowledge and Understanding HE Level 1HE Level 2HE Level 3 The Learner has a given factual and /or conceptual knowledge base with emphasis on the field of study and appropriate technology The Learner has a detailed knowledge of major theories of the discipline and an awareness of a variety of ideas, contexts and frameworks The Learner has a comprehensive / detailed knowledge of a major discipline with areas of specialisation in depth and awareness of the provisional nature of knowledge The Learner can demonstrate awareness of ethical issues in current areas of study and is able to discuss these in relation to personal beliefs and values The Learner is aware of the wider social and environmental implications of area of study and is able to debate issues in relation to more general perspectives The Learner is aware of personal responsibility and professional codes of conduct and can incorporate a critical ethical dimension into a major piece of work Knowledge Base Ethical Issues

14 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 14 SEEC Generic Level Descriptors : Cognitive / Intellectual Skills - A HE Level 1HE Level 2HE Level 3 The Learner can analyse with guidance using given classifications / principles The Learner can analyse a range of information with minimum guidance using given classifications / principles and can compare alternative methods and techniques for obtaining data The Learner can analyse new and / or abstract data and situations without guidance, using a range of techniques appropriate to the subject The Learner can collect and categorise ideas and information in a predictable and standard format The Learner can reformat a range of ideas and information towards a given purpose The Learner with minimum guidance can transform abstract data and concepts towards a given purpose and can design novel solutions Analysis Synthesis

15 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 15 SEEC Generic Level Descriptors : Cognitive / Intellectual Skills - B HE Level 1HE Level 2HE Level 3 The Learner can evaluate the reliability of data using defined techniques and / or tutor guidance The Learner can select appropriate techniques of evaluation and can evaluate the relevance and significance of the data collected The Learner can critically evaluate evidence to support conclusions / recommendations, reviewing its reliability validity and significance. Can investigate contradictory information / identify reasons for contradictions The Learner can apply given tools / methods accurately and carefully to a well defined problem and begin to appreciate the complexity of the issues The Learner can identify key elements of problems and choose appropriate methods for their resolution in a considered manner The Learner is confident and flexible in identifying and defining complex problems and can apply appropriate knowledge and skills to their solution Evaluation Application

16 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 16 SEEC Generic Level Descriptors : Key / Transferable Skills - A HE Level 1HE Level 2HE Level 3 The Learner can work effectively with others as a member of a group and meet obligations to others (e.g. tutors, peers and colleagues). The Learner can interact effectively with a team / learning group, giving and receiving information and ideas and modifying response where appropriate. The Learner can interact effectively with a team / learning group / professional group, recognise, support or be proactive in leadership, negotiate in a professional context and manage conflict. The Learner can work within an appropriate ethos and can use and access a range of learning resources. The Learner can manage learning using resources for the discipline. Can develop working relationships of a professional nature within the discipline. The Learner with minimum guidance can manage own learning using a full range of resources for the discipline. Can work professionally within the discipline. Group Working Learning Resources

17 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 17 SEEC Generic Level Descriptors : Key / Transferable Skills - B HE Level 1HE Level 2HE Level 3 The Learner can evaluate own strengths and weakness within criteria largely set by others. The Learner can evaluate own strengths and weakness, challenge received opinion and develop own criteria and judgement. The Learner is confident in application of own criteria of judgement and can challenge received opinion and reflect on action. Can seek and make use of feedback. The Learner can manage information, collect appropriate data from a range of sources and undertake simple research tasks with external guidance. The Learner can manage information. Can select appropriate data from a range of sources and develop appropriate research strategies. The Learner can select and manage information, competently undertake reasonably straight- forward research tasks with minimum guidance Self Evaluation Information Mangement

18 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 18 SEEC Generic Level Descriptors : Key / Transferable Skills - C HE Level 1HE Level 2HE Level 3 The Learner can take responsibility for own learning with appropriate support. The Learner can take responsibility for own learning with minimum direction. The Learner can take responsibility for own work and can criticise it. The Learner can communicate effectively in a format appropriate to the discipline and report practical procedures in a clear and concise manner. The Learner can communicate effectively in a manner appropriate to the discipline and report practical procedures in a clear and concise manner in a variety of formats. The Learner can engage effectively in debate in a professional manner and produce detailed and coherent project reports Autonomy Communications

19 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 19 SEEC Generic Level Descriptors : Key / Transferable Skills - D HE Level 1HE Level 2HE Level 3 The Learner can apply given tools / methods accurately and carefully to a well defined problem and begin to appreciate the complexity of the issues in the discipline. The Learner can identify key areas of problems and choose appropriate tools / methods for their resolution in a considered manner. The Learner is confident and flexible in identifying and defining complex problems and the application of appropriate knowledge, tools / methods to their solution. Problem Solving

20 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 20 SEEC Generic Level Descriptors : Practical Skills HE Level 1HE Level 2HE Level 3 The Learner can operate in predictable, defined contexts that require use of a specified range of standard techniques. The Learner can operate in situations of varying complexity and predictability requiring application of a wide range of techniques. The Learner can operate in complex and unpredictable contexts, requiring selection and application from a wide range of innovative or standard techniques. The Learner is able to act with limited autonomy, under direction or supervision, within defined guidelines. The Learner is able to act with increasing autonomy, with reduced need for supervision and direction, within defined guidelines. The Learner is able to act autonomously, with minimal supervision or direction, within agreed guidelines. Application of Skills Autonomy in Skill use

21 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 21 Engineering Professors Conference EPC Generic Ability to statements - A 1.Ability to exercise Key Skills in the completion of engineering-related tasks at a level implied by the benchmarks associated with the following statements. Key Skills for engineering are Communication, IT, Application of Number, Working with Others, Problem Solving, Improving Own Learning and Performance. 2.Ability to transform existing systems into conceptual models. This means the ability to: a)Elicit and clarify client's true needs. b)Identify, classify and describe engineering systems. c)Define real target systems in terms of objective functions, performance specifications and other constraints (i.e. define the problem). d)Take account of risk assessment, and social and environmental impacts, in the setting of constraints (including legal, and health and safety issues). e)Select, review and experiment with existing engineering systems in order to obtain a database of knowledge and understanding that will contribute to the creation of specific real target systems. f)Resolve difficulties created by imperfect and incomplete information. g)Derive conceptual models of real target systems, identifying the key parameters.

22 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 22 Engineering Professors Conference EPC Generic Ability to statements - B 3.Ability to transform conceptual models into determinable models. This means the ability to: a)Construct determinable models over a range of complexity to suit a range of conceptual models. b)Use mathematics and computing skills to create determinable models by deriving appropriate constitutive equations and specifying appropriate boundary conditions. c)Use industry standard software tools and platforms to set up determinable models. d)Recognise the value of Determinable Models of different complexity and the limitations of their application. 4.Ability to use determinable models to obtain system specifications in terms of parametric values. This means the ability to: a)Use mathematics and computing skills to manipulate and solve determinable models; and use data sheets in an appropriate way to supplement solutions. b)Use industry standard software platforms and tools to solve determinable models. c)Carry out a parametric sensitive analysis. d)Critically assess results and, if inadequate or invalid, improve knowledge database by further reference to existing systems, and/or improve performance of determinable models.

23 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 23 5.Ability to select optimum specifications and create physical models. This means the ability to: a)Use objective functions and constraints to identify optimum specifications. b)Plan physical modelling studies, based on determinable modelling, in order to produce critical information. c)Test and collate results, feeding these back into determinable models. 6.Ability to apply the results from physical models to create real target systems. This means the ability to: a)Write sufficiently detailed specifications of real target systems, including risk assessments and impact statements. b)Select production methods and write method statements. c)Implement production and deliver products fit for purpose, in a timely and efficient manner. d)Operate within relevant legislative frameworks. 7.Ability to critically review real target systems and personal performance. This means the ability to: a)Test and evaluate real systems in service against specification and client needs. b)Recognise and make critical judgements about related environmental, social, ethical and professional issues. c)Identify professional, technical and personal development needs and undertake appropriate training and independent research. Engineering Professors Conference EPC Generic Ability to statements - C

24 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 24 Working with Level Descriptors They should be seen as helpful guides rather than dictates They are generic and may contain sections not appropriate to a particular programme They may not cover all possible learning that is relevant to the programme. The words become more meaningful if you look at descriptors at the previous and next level Look at the relationship between descriptors at the same level as they do not function independently of each other Use them to provide an appropriate vocabulary to describe learning

25 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 25 A Module Specification from a Clean Sheet! Generic Level Descriptors Translate Level Descriptors into Subject Descriptors Identify Aim of Module Write Learning Outcomes Write Threshold and Grading Assessment Criteria Develop Assessment Method to test achievement of assessment criteria Develop a teaching strategy to enable learners to reach the learning outcomes / assessment criteria Develop the module and rethink it including the initial learning outcomes

26 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 26 Writing Module Specifications Clearly identify the intended level of the module Formulate clear and unambiguous intended threshold and possibly desirable learning outcomes for the module The threshold learning outcomes identify the essential learning to merit the award of the credits for this module Desirable learning outcomes can be included to provide guidance of learning above threshold which will be assessed to provide grading Identify assessment criteria that encourage learning at the appropriate level Threshold assessment criteria should specify how satisfactory performance of the threshold module learning outcomes can be demonstrated Grading-related assessment criteria are used to provide incentive for higher achievement above threshold performance

27 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 27 Writing a Module Description in Reality! Generic Level Descriptors Translate Level Descriptors into Subject Descriptors Existing Aims, Objectives and Syllabus Content of Module Rewrite Objectives as Learning Outcomes Write Threshold and Grading Assessment Criteria Modify Existing Assessment Methods to test achievement of assessment criteria Modify current teaching strategy to enable learners to reach the learning outcomes / assessment criteria Develop the module and rethink it including the initial learning outcomes Existing Assignments and Laboratories Review Aim of Module

28 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 28 Writing Learning Outcomes A well written learning outcome is likely to contain : A verb that indicates what the learner is expected to be able to do at the end of the period of learning Word(s) that indicate on what or with what the learner is acting. If the outcome is about a skill then the word may describe the way the skill is performed Word(s) that indicate the nature (in context or terms of standard) of the performance required as evidence that the learning was achieved

29 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 29 Examples of Learning Outcomes The learner is expected to be able to: demonstrate understanding of the purpose and operation of the hardware and software components present in personal computers, microprocessors and embedded processor applications. (Level 1 Computer Systems) explain the physical basis of the operation of Metal Oxide Semiconductor Transistors (MOSFETs) and obtain the small signal model of a MOSFET (Level 2 Electronic Devices)

30 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 30 Features of Good Learning Outcomes Must be achievable by students within the time available and at the level of learning at which the students are. Be realistic! Written in terms of the learner being expected to be able or asintended learning outcomes Should specify areas of learning rather than specific curriculum There should be in the range of 4 to 10 learning outcomes per module – too many makes statements of the assessment criteria unmanageable Should be written in a language that is understood by all and is unambiguous Each intended learning outcome should represent a major achievement expected by students at the end of the module Learning outcomes must be assessable by a reasonable and manageable form of assessment within the time allocated to the module Achievement of each threshold learning outcome is essential in order to pass the module

31 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 31 Vocabulary for Writing Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria - A Verbs which require evidence of knowing: Be aware of, define, describe, extract, identify, know, label, list, match, measure, name, organise, outline, present, recall, recognise, recount, relate, repeat, select, state, underline, write. Verbs which require evidence of comprehension: Clarify, classify, compare, comprehend, contrast, convert, defend, describe, discuss, distinguish, estimate, exemplify, explain, express, extend, find, formulate, generalise, give examples of, identify, illustrate, indicate, infer, interpret, judge, justify, name, paraphrase, perform, predict, present, report, represent, restate, rewrite, select, summarise, translate, understand. Verbs which require evidence of knowledge / understanding: Apply, arrange, assess, change, choose, compute, construct, demonstrate, discover, draw (up), exemplify, explain how, find, give examples, illustrate, manipulate, modify, operate, order, practice, predict, prepare, produce, relate, select, show, solve, use, verify

32 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 32 Verbs which require evidence of analysis: analyse, break down, calculate, categorise, compare, conclude, contrast, criticise, devote, diagnose, differentiate, distinguish between, divide, elucidate, evaluate, examine, identify, illustrate how, infer, justify, outline, point out, precis, question, recognise, relate, resolve, select, separate, subdivide. Verbs which require evidence of synthesis: account for, alter, argue, build up, combine, compile, compose, conclude, create, derive, design, develop, devise, engender, enlarge, explain, formulate, generalise, generate, integrate, manage, modify, order, organise, plan, prepare, present, produce, propose, put together, rearrange, reconstruct, relate, reorganise, report, restate, revise, select, structure, suggest, summarise, synthesise, teach, tell, write. Verbs which require evidence of evaluation appraise, assess, choose, compare, conclude, contrast, criticise, defend, describe how, determine, discriminate, estimate, evaluate, judge, justify, measure, question, rate, value. Vocabulary for Writing Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria - B

33 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 33 Examples of Learning Outcomes Discuss and comment on the following threshold learning outcomes: Describe the structure of telecommunications networks (Level 1) Understand the ideas of differentiation and integration (Level 1) Understand the principles of human cognitive systems and motor performance when operating interactive computer systems (Level 2) Demonstrate oral and written communication skills (Level 2) Appreciate the use of the z-transform in digital signal processing (Level 3) Improve at working in software engineering teams (Level 3) Describe the principal characteristics of human vision, hearing and speech relevant to audiovisual communication and their exploitation in image, video, and audio compression (Level 3)

34 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 34 Purposes of Assessment To provide a licence to proceed to the next stage of the programme or to graduation To classify the performance of the student in rank order To improve student learning by providing feedback on his or her strengths and weaknesses To motivate the student to learn To provide information for future selection or as a licence to practice To evaluate the course and improve teaching These may overlap or conflict! A common error is to assume that the results of an assessment task used for one purpose are appropriate for another purpose

35 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 35 Some Principles of Assessment Assessment shapes learning therefore change assessment to change learning Match the assessment tasks to the learning outcomes Match the assessment criteria to the task and the learning outcomes Keep the assessment criteria simple Be fair, reliable and valid in your marking Provide meaningful and timely feedback Do we apply these principles?

36 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 36 Some Assessment Methods Formal Examinations Knowledge and Understanding Analytical Ability Problem Solving Communication Skills Progress tests Knowledge and Understanding Simple Problem Solving Formal Practical Experiments Following Instructions and Recording Results Practical Ability Written Reports or Software Documentation Projects Requirement Analysis, Research, Problem Solving / Synthesis Practical Development Oral and Written Communication Possibly Group Working Other Coursework Assignments

37 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 37 Common Weaknesses in Assessment Tasks do not match the stated outcomes Criteria do not match the tasks or outcomes Criteria not known to and/or not understood by the students Overuse of one method of assessment Overload of students and/or staff Insufficient time for students to do the assignments To many assignments with the same deadline Insufficient time for staff to mark examination or assignment Absence of well defined criteria so consistency is difficult to achieve Unduly specific criteria which create a straightjacket for students Inadequate or superficial feedback provided to students Wide variation in marking between modules and within assessors Variation in assessment demands of different modules

38 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 38 Designing Assessments Some questions to be considered What are the learning outcomes to be assessed? What are the capabilities / skills either implicit of explicit, within the learning outcomes? Is the method of assessment chosen appropriate to the outcomes and skills? Is the method relatively efficient in terms of student time and staff time? What alternatives are there and what are their advantages and disadvantages? Does the specific assessment task match the outcomes and skills? Are the marking schemes or criteria appropriate?

39 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 39 Assessment Criteria – a definition Not to be confused with assessment methods or tasks Assessment Criteria provide a clear indication of how achievement may be demonstrated Often specified with respect to each learning outcome, they describe what a learner is expected to do in order to demonstrate that the learning outcome has been achieved. Assessment Criteria may be used in three ways: To confirm achievement of threshold standards To define what is expected in order to achieve each of the grades being awarded To specify a template of characteristics or qualities against which the students performance of the assessment task will be judged

40 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 40 Writing Assessment Criteria 1.Consider the learning outcome being tested 2.Consider the assessment task set 3.Brainstorm requirements for, or attributes of, successful performance of the assessment task 4.If necessary specify the range to clarify contextual factors and the level 5.Focus on what is essential and categorise the requirements or attributes into clearly worded criteria 6.Check that the criteria are measurable or assessable in valid and reliable ways and that the criteria are clear and unambiguous 7.Repeat steps 3, 4 and 5 until you are fully satisfied 8.Publish the assessment criteria with the assessment task and identify the intended learning outcome or outcomes that the task is assessing

41 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 41 An Example The learner is expected to be able to: demonstrate understanding of the purpose and operation of the hardware and software components present in personal computers, microprocessors and embedded processor applications. (Level 1 Computer Systems) Assessment Task? Hardware Laboratory: Test and evaluate the operation of computer hardware components by constructing a serial adder on a logic patch-board using available TTL devices. Assessment Criteria: Connect correctly the following functional elements on the patch- board provided: EX-OR, Half Adder, Full Adder, 4 to1 Multiplexer, D-type bistable carry store, 4-bit register, 4-bit counter, and links modules to form a 4-bit serial adder. Test each module and record results Complete the multi-choice test and score better than 70%

42 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 42 Assessment Criteria – Exercise 4 U Final Year Individual Project 30 credits: Aim: The project provides the student with the opportunity to apply knowledge and practical skills gained during the degree programme to the solution of a problem agreed with the supervisor. Form Groups of 3 or 4 1.Write a Threshold Learning Outcome for this module 2.Develop an Assessment Task to address this learning outcome 3.Write Assessment Criteria for this task Repeat 1, 2 and 3 for a desirable graded learning outcome!

43 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 43 Report Back and Discussion Each group to report their learning outcomes assessment tasks assessment criteria Comments Discussion

44

45 Achievement of Module Threshold Learning Outcomes Peter Noakes Department of Electronic Systems Engineering University of Essex

46 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 46 Current Developments at Essex Internally Funded Project The objective is to develop module specifications and structures where the threshold and extended learning outcomes, and associated assessment methods and criteria are clearly defined for students. As a result a students satisfaction of threshold learning outcomes should be readily determined Initially concentrating of Year 1 Modules offered by ESE Working with colleagues in Departments of Computer Science and Biological Sciences

47 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 47 The Module Description For each module Staff and Students will have a clear view of : the threshold learning outcomes their method of assessment and the assessment criteria used. the extended (desirable) learning outcomes the assessment activities used for grading the assessment criteria used for grading above threshold the expected time commitment for the activities This should ensure that a graduating student attains his or her maximum potential

48 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 48 Project Proposals In future a module description will identify separately the threshold and extended (desirable) learning outcomes and syllabus The threshold syllabus defines the topics and associated skills, their method of assessment and associated assessment criteria, that will be used to demonstrate threshold level achievement for the module The extended syllabus defines the topics, their method of assessment and associated assessment criteria, that will be used to demonstrate understanding and application of their knowledge above the threshold level for the module allowing grading above Third class. The threshold aspects of the module will be taught conventionally with clear guidance to required reading, and supported by regular formative on-line MCQ testing The extended aspects of the module will be taught by a combination of special topic lectures and directed self study with associated supporting problem classes

49 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 49 Module Specifications Module specifications to be captured by filling form to provide entry to a central database Data to be extracted for various audiences by running different reports Linked to marks database to provide clear abstraction of satisfactory threshold achievement

50 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 50 Module Assessment Current Approach Largely based on End of Year Examinations All have an in-term Multi-choice Progress Test Many modules have a Practical Laboratory (Hardware / Software / CAD / Database / Networks / Microprocessor / Matlab / Web) – Assessment in various ways including log book, demonstration, presentation, report, oral, OMR test Some have Assignments – electronic submission, paper submission, demonstration, oral Some modules include Projects – demonstration, presentation, report, oral Module mark generated by forming a weighted aggregate of the marks awarded to individual elements A 40% overall aggregate does not ensure that all learning threshold outcomes have been satisfied!

51 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 51 Proposed Module Assessment Each module has 100 marks available Progress Test – threshold material 10 marks Examination – 2 hour paper – 2 parts Part A – say 8 to 20 questions on threshold material to produce say 20 marks Part B – 3 to 5 on extended material answer 2 or 3 for full marks – applying knowledge, problem solving – producing say 40 marks Laboratory or Assignment Coursework – contribute say 20 marks on threshold material and say 10 marks on extended material.

52 LTSN Workshop at University of Essex 26 th June 2003 52 Graphical Representation 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Progress Test Practical Activity Part A examination Practical Activity Part B examination Threshold Assessments Degree Graded Assessments Module Marks


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