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Internal Environmental Issues FdA in Airport and Air Transport Management.

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Presentation on theme: "Internal Environmental Issues FdA in Airport and Air Transport Management."— Presentation transcript:

1 Internal Environmental Issues FdA in Airport and Air Transport Management

2 Objectives To investigate the internal environmental issues. To discuss the issues and possible solutions How these issues are going to affect the environment in the future.

3 Environmental effects of airports Airports are perceived to have negative environmental effects in terms of air pollution, noise pollution, waste production and hydrological damage. Pitt and Brown (2001) cited on http://0- www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed 19/08/08)http://0- www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen

4 Waste Increases 3% per annum Three lanes in Europe- UK being in the slow lane. The Netherlands, Austria, Sweden and Germany are in the fast lane. Government strategy is now aimed at moving environmental management statements and recovery initiatives up the hierarchy.

5 Airports An airport is essentially small city and therefore has a significant impact on the volume of waste produced for the region in which it is situated http://0- www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed 19/08/08) http://0- www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen

6 Airports The solid waste generated in an airport comes from three main sources Office waste Tenant concessionaires Aircraft waste McGuiness (2001) cited in http://0- www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed 19/08/08)http://0- www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen

7 Waste Water Airports produce a large volume of water waste. Waste water in airport areas comes from a variety of sources: Domestic sewage Industrial sewage Combines water containing a mix of waste water and precipitation. Rainwater from roads and parking areas. Unpolluted water from runways, taxiways and aprons. Rainwater containing light liquids that runs off aprons Water containing de-icing fluid from the de-icing of paved areas and aircraft. Hofstetter (1996) cited in http://0- www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed 19/08/08) Hofstetter (1996) cited in http://0- www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen

8 Groundwater Groundwater may become contaminated by airport operations. Petroleum Jet fuels Diesel fuel Chlorinated solvents De-icing/anti-icing compounds http://0- www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed 19/08/08) http://0- www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen

9 Reducing water usage LHR- Use a rainwater harvesting system which reuses 85% of all the rainwater that falls on the Terminal 5 site. http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+co mmunity%5EHeathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9 e81875427b54110VgnVCM20000039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a ____/ (Accessed 23/10/08). http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+co mmunity%5EHeathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9 e81875427b54110VgnVCM20000039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a ____/

10 Using on-site combined, cooling heat and power (CCHP) Conventional power plants only convert about 35% of the energy in the fuel that they burn into electricity. CCHP plants typically convert over 80% of the energy in the fuel that they burn into electricity, heat or cooling. http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+community%5EH eathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54110VgnVCM200 00039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed 23/10/08). http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+community%5EH eathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54110VgnVCM200 00039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/

11 Optimising the performance buildings and processes Optimising the performance of existing buildings and processes

12 Intelligent building management systems Intelligent building management systems. Do you know what these systems do?

13 Investing in renewables Heathrow East- will be one of the first major developments to use renewable biomass gasification.

14 Recycling waste and turning waste into energy BAA has a target of recycling or composting 40% of its waste by 2010 and 70% of its waste by 2020. We are also investigating the possibility of turning our non-recyclable waste into energy. http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+communi ty%5EHeathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54 110VgnVCM20000039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed 23/10/08). http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+communi ty%5EHeathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54 110VgnVCM20000039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/

15 Trialling innovative zero-carbon electricity Heathrow will be one of the first sites in Britain to trial generating zero-carbon energy from waste heat. http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+community%5EH eathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54110VgnVCM200 00039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed 23/10/08). http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+community%5EH eathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54110VgnVCM200 00039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/

16 IssueTargetScore Energy Reduce Heathrows direct impact on CO2 by 2% against the business as usual forecast between January 2007 and December 2007 through improvements in energy efficiency. Target bettered Waste Increase recycling for the general waste handled by the airport waste contract from 25% to 30% by 31 December 2007. Target bettered Noise Prepare a draft noise action plan for Heathrow and develop a plan for consultation with key stakeholders by 31 December 2007 to enable the action plan to be agreed with key stakeholders by 30 April 2008. Target achieved Air Quality Establish a baseline of Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) usage (hours) for Heathrow in 2007 and set a target for reduction in APU use in 2008. Some progress made Water Quality Review at-source pollution control solutions for reducing aircraft de-icant pollution load in surface run-off water, to meet current and future compliance. Target achieved *Surface Transport To update Heathrow Airport's surface access strategy. Target achieved *Surface Transport To update the rail strategy supporting document in 2007. Target achieved *Surface Transport To increase the percentage of air passengers using public transport from 37% to 38% Target bettered *Water consumption To reduce water consumption by 2% against the business as usual forecast between January and December 2007, through improvements in water conservation Target bettered

17 LHR Energy Noise Air quality Waste Water http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/CRMicrositeLHR08/Heathrow%5ECRMicrositeLHR08%5EOur+perf ormance%5ELocal+environment/e15b859169318110VgnVCM10000036821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVC M200000357e120a____/http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/CRMicrositeLHR08/Heathrow%5ECRMicrositeLHR08%5EOur+perf ormance%5ELocal+environment/e15b859169318110VgnVCM10000036821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVC M200000357e120a____/ (Accessed on 24/10/08)

18 Reference and Suggested Reading Anon. (2008) Cutting emissions from airport buildings, (On-line), UK. Available from: http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+busi ness+and+community%5EHeathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+f rom+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54110VgnVCM20000039821c0a____/448c6a 4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed 23/10/08). http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+busi ness+and+community%5EHeathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+f rom+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54110VgnVCM20000039821c0a____/448c6a 4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ Anon. (2008) Local environment, (On-line), UK. Available from: http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/CRMicrositeLHR08/Heathrow%5EC RMicrositeLHR08%5EOur+performance%5ELocal+environment/e15b859169318110 VgnVCM10000036821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____ / (Accessed on 24/10/08) http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/CRMicrositeLHR08/Heathrow%5EC RMicrositeLHR08%5EOur+performance%5ELocal+environment/e15b859169318110 VgnVCM10000036821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____ / Pitt.M, Brown. A and Smith. A (2002) Waste management at airports (On-line), UK. Avaiable from: http://0- www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed on 19/08/08)http://0- www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen


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