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Stephen King President, Daisy Consortium Director International affairs Royal National Institute of Blind People, UK E-Books & Accessibility 13 Feb 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Stephen King President, Daisy Consortium Director International affairs Royal National Institute of Blind People, UK E-Books & Accessibility 13 Feb 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Stephen King President, Daisy Consortium Director International affairs Royal National Institute of Blind People, UK E-Books & Accessibility 13 Feb 2013 E-Books & Accessibility Ugly Duckling? Adolescent Swan?

2 e-Books Ugly Ducklings? or Adolescent Swans?

3 Adolescent (Black) Swans But they need our help growing up e-books will help us transform access. I'm going to tell you why. But there are risks. We need your help.

4 E-Books & Accessibility Ugly Duckling or Adolescent Swan? About me About the book & curriculum famine Who are the Daisy consortium? – Our role in e-Books – Our partnership with World Blind Union and publishing industry to solve the book famine – Our strategy with publishers – Our Vision for 21st Century publishing How you can help

5 What's my interest? 10 Years with (Harper) Collins publishers – Dictionary & Children's book publishing – Early use of computers & databases in publishing Subsequent film industry & art publishing RNIB publishing: Large print, Braille, Talking books & e-Books Founding member of Daisy Consortium Now President of Daisy Consortium

6 Since Caxton people with print disability denied access

7 Print disabled learners denied access to curriculum

8 The Right to Read "Less than 5% of books are available in any accessible format" "Its a book famine" "We want the right to read the same book at the same time, price and place as everyone else"

9 The Right to Read campaign Can Everyone Read your Books? 2011 "Reach more readers through e-Books Where's My Book 2006: "Only 12% of Maths & Science available" Written Off Report 2004: "95% of books not available" Overdue Report 2003: "Frustrated Readers" A Closed Book report 2002: "Lack of library services"

10 What are we saying to publishers?

11 Improving e-Book Practice

12 Global partnership to solve the book famine World Blind Union members IFLA members Daisy Consortium Publishers & Rights agencies Standards organisations Technology companies Training & research orgs

13 What's the Evidence e-Books are Adolescent (Black) Swans? That need nurturing

14 The ebook revolution "People with print disabilities are increasingly able to enjoy the same book at the same price and place as everyone else" "But there is much more to do to end the book famine." Stephen King RNIB UK May 2011

15 Good News! E-book revolution: Ending book famine Today – 7% of all books available in UK accessible by eyes, ears & fingers, (Up from 5% in 2004) – 76% of top 1000 books sold in 2011 are e-books, readable by eyes, ears & fingers. (Up from 54% 2010) Still many barriers – user skills & knowledge; – cost of technology & DRM – not a great reading experience Availability of accessible publications: 2011 Update, Report to RNIB, Helen Greenwood, Sonya White and Claire Creaser, October

16 E-books already improving access For some people – Partially sighted & Dyslexic – People with knowledge & skills Current e-books limited – Flat print representation E-Pub 3 transforms possibilities – Navigation, audio & text synchronised, video etc E-pub 3 is designed for accessibility by Daisy

17 Still much to do… Many publishing and reading problems still to solve How are the daisy Consortium involved? 76% readable but last 24% present intractable problems. (Unpublished RNIB research)

18 Who are the Daisy Consortium? Not for Profit organisations serving people with print disabilities Friends and educators Worldwide Membership – 50+ Countries US, Latin Am, EU, Africa, India, Asia – All continents (Bar Antarctica) ( Tho we do have Iceland ) – WBU & IFLA strategic partners Please join us to help solve the book famine


20 The Daisy Consortium Our Vision People have equal access to information and knowledge, regardless of disabilities Our Mission Working to create the best way to read and publish, for everybody, in the 21 st century By delivering global partnerships... that build a more effective solution for everyone. Committed to a common mission & vision. Coordinating resources to deliver global change 20

21 Global partnerships Solving the book famine

22 Our goal is confident learners Reading what they want, when they want with eyes, ears or fingers

23 What are we good at? We know about reading & e-Books How people with print disabilities read Reading technologies Blind people have been e-Book readers for years We also know about braille, audio, large print We know about publishing process Technology of publishing Control the technology & standards for e-books We are well connected with publishers We are well connected to WBU & Libraries

24 What's our role in e-Books? Partnership with International Digital Publishers Forum standards body – Develop e-Pub 3 as worldwide standard for e- Books with accessibility built in Everything we know about accessibility built in Everything we know about great navigation built in – Promoting In-Built accessibility for all publications – Developing tools for customised access material production from e-pub 3 standard – Promoting access in reader tools and channels

25 We are in "Pole position" We've got the attention of publishers & governments (UNCRPWD) We've got a Global alliance We have great people in Leadership positions – George Kerscher: President IDPF – Markus Gylling: CTO IDPF Have the technology publishers need

26 Our Aim is: Inclusive Publishing The total process, from author to reader. Designed to embrace all. "There is a version for everyone whatever their skills reading with their eyes, ears or fingers." Embraces the customising process (when needed) to deliver same time, price & place Better for people with disabilities and without Efficient and affordable for all 26

27 Definitions: Inbuilt accessibility A mainstream publication, usable directly by people reading with their eyes, ears or fingers, with no need for modification. For example, currently: works with screen readers, has great navigation, pictorial material adequately described. 27

28 Inbuilt accessibility: Standard E-book read by eyes ears or fingers

29 Definitions: Customised for accessibility A separate version of, or additions to, a mainstream publication, modified to be read by disabled persons using their eyes, ears or fingers to read. This may include: Re-design for Braille, adding additional description, speech narration, additional tactile diagrams, simplification. Often, distributed separately via a special library. 29

30 Different version or addition Customised for accessibility Picture descriptions, complex layout Simplified for learning disability Economically derived from standard e-book

31 Inclusive publishing delivers learners Reading what they want, when they want with eyes, ears or fingers

32 Strategy for Inclusive Publishing Increasing numbers of publications that have built in accessibility: Inbuilt access publication Improved efficiency where publications need access enhanced: Customised Access material Efficient marketplace for customised access materials worldwide: Tigar, Bookshare etc Ensuring people have the tools and skills to read accessible mainstream and enhanced publications. Technologies & training

33 Vision for curriculum access in 21st C E-books readable on low cost devices (Phone) – Local language speech synthesis & screen readers – Low cost braille display: Transforming Braille – Cheap tablets as an E-slate Direct production of Braille from e-books Teacher support focused on customisation not transcription – Picture descriptions, diagrams, maths etc Sharing custom materials worldwide

34 E-book revolution provides the opportunity for Inclusive Publishing Publishing industry is under massive change. Disruptive technology, not yet matured This is THE opportunity to re-engineer the publishing industry, as an inclusive industry But how? 34

35 inclusive publishing A new model for 21st Century Publishers re-design workflows to produce "Born Digital" e-books, deriving print from this They build in most access features to e-Book Publishers are linked to a trusted network of custom materials (re)-publishers All Learners gets e-Book at same place and use standard devices (with their access tech) A world e-network of Trusted Intermediaries "Shops" provide custom access materials

36 Great progress Many educational publishers "Get it" – Pearson, Elsevier, CUP etc – Apple have "Got it" and gaining competitive advantage – Industry needs help, support & advocacy Legislation helps: US & EU law puts pressure – Level playing field. Reward those who do right Thousands of learners getting independent access now

37 Projects with WIPO & Publishers Stakeholder Platform to deliver inclusive publishing Copyright reform: WIPO treaty in June 13 Enabling Technologies E-Pub 3 standard development and roll out Mainstream tools that deliver inbuilt accessibility Publisher education & training Tools to deliver custom materials: Obi, Tobi TIGAR network: (Trusted Intermediary network) & Bookshare – market place for custom access materials Developing Countries capacity building

38 Inclusive publishing & E-Books: Still much more to do! User skills and confidence Menus and navigation Finding and buying Terrible speech Digital Rights Management blocks access tools User tools & Publisher tools & systems Publisher knowledge & Skills Learner Support staff skills

39 How you can help Tell publishers you want inclusive publications – Procurement policies – Customer feedback – Advocacy with educational publishing industry – Promote PA/TechDis best practice guides Promulgate good practice & training materials Help people develop skills & confidence Join the Daisy Consortium and participate

40 E-Books Ugly Duckling or Adolescent Swan? Its up to all of us to make sure they grow up as Swans that deliver the "Right to Read" in 21st Century

41 Thank you! Stephen King President Daisy Consortium: Royal National Institute of Blind People: Together we can Solve the book famine

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