Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 11 Welcome to the Committee of the.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 11 Welcome to the Committee of the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 11 Welcome to the Committee of the Regions European Union Gerhard Stahl Secretary General of the Committee of the Regions The answer of Europes regional and local authorities Conference co-organised by the Wales Governance Centre at Cardiff University and the Welsh Assembly Government : Small countries and the global crisis: challenges and opportunities? Cardiff, 1 st July 2009

2 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 22 Contents The scenario: globalisation, EU, citizens and the crisis Regions, local authorities: drivers for innovation and sustainable recovery The scale: territorial cooperation, Europe and the world The engagement of the CoR : –EU decision-shaping –Multilevel Governance –Territorial cooperation The CoR and the Academia

3 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 33 The scenario: Globalisation, EU, citizens and the crisis

4 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 44 Globalisation, European integration, localisation. Global challenges: economic globalisation, demographic change, migration flows, climate change, energy European integration: EU enlargement, widening of the EURO area, enlargement of the Schengen area, Lisbon Treaty Localisation: single territories are directly faced with challenges and have access to opportunities of a larger magnitude and which requires pooling of resources

5 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 55 EU Single Market: the largest in the world. An asset to preserve. The most advanced model of governed globalisation. Source: WTO, International Trade Statistics, 2007

6 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 6 Imbalances of the World Economy Source: IMF (Oct 2008), Global Financial Stability Report

7 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 7 Chronology of the banking crisis in /02/08 Northern Rock nationalised 17/03/08 Bear Stearns acquired by JP Morgan Chase 01/04/08 Sachsen LB acquired by LBBW 11/07/08 Indy Mac nationalised (FDIC) 21/08/08 IKB acquired by Lone Star 08/09/08 Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac nationalised 15/09/08 Lehman Brothers insolvent 15/09/08 Marrill Lynch acquired by Bank of America 17/09/08 AIG nationalised 17/09/08 HBOS acquired by Lloyds 22/09/08 Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley become regular commercial banks 26/09/08 Washington Mutual acquired by JP Morgan Chase 29/09/08 Fortis rescued by the State 29/09/08 Bradford Bingley nationalised 29/09/08 Hypo Real Estate rescued by the State 29/09/08 Wachovia acquired by Citigroup 30/09/08 Dexia rescued by the State 09/10/08 The State of Iceland is insolvent 10/10/08 Yamato Seimei Hoken (Japan) insolvent 13/10/08 Royal Bank of Scotland, HBOS and Lloyds nationalised 17/10/08 Bank Constantia (Austria) acquired by five Austrian banks 24/10/08 Alpha Bank (USA) insolvent 31/10/08 Freedom Bank (USA) insolvent

8 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 8 Reasons for the financial crisis Limited liability, economic growth and casino capitalism –Under-capitalisation –Excessive risk-taking (mortgage backed securities, asset backed securities, collateralized debt obligations, rating agencies)

9 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 99 Annus horribilis Unprecedented financial, economic and social crisis how to avoid the worst? how to regain economic tonicity? how to preserve social cohesion? how to re-invent our future? Energy / climate crisis geopolitics impact in a new multipolar world under shape Institutional crisis treaty stuck

10 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 10 The crisis: gloomy expectations Source: The Euro Growth Indicator is calculated by the Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE, Paris) in cooperation with the EUROFRAME and published by the Financial Times Deutschland. The purpose of this leading indicator is to anticipate the development of the GDP in the euro area two quarters ahead of official statistics.

11 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 11 The crisis: keep the reins and prepare a new sustainable future Coordinate recovery measures Avoid protectionism and beg thy neighbour policies Supervise and regulate financial markets: International and EU supervisory framework, reconsider accounting practices, regulate credit rating agencies Balance short-term stabilising measures with long-term structural reforms Temporary, targeted, timed action. Regain contact with the field. Envisage EXIT strategies Develop the new paradigm for sustainable economic growth: Prepare a revised Lisbon Strategy Invest in new economic drivers: e.g. renewable energies, services to people Protect and reform social cohesion e.g. invest in re-qualification of people Return to basics: take care of people and nature?

12 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 12 Quantity of (deficit) public spending is raising Projected budgetary deficits for euro-area countries, Source : European Commission Economic Forecast Spring 2009

13 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 13 QUALITY of (deficit) public spending will be essential Incentives must be selective leading to change industries and orientate consumes Innovation need to be built-in in new fixed capital expenditure massive investment plans (infrastructures, buildings, ICT networks) may help in this phase to enlarge the scope and scale of application of existing advanced technologies. Public expenditure needs private engagement e.g. EIB loan based instruments

14 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 14 Regions and local authorities: drivers for innovation and recovery

15 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 15 The European citizen Special Report 307 The role and impact of local and regional authorities in Europe February 2009 Field: Oct-Nov 08

16 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 16 Across the Atlantic 17 Feb: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act 20 Feb: Obama and Biden convene 85 mayors at the White House Too often in the past, America's cities have been neglected, and our mayors haven't had -- haven't been able to be heard on the questions of national policy You are -- you're the ones who know the areas that give us the greatest return on our investment -- you know it better than we do. Now, rebuilding our economies and renewing our cities is going to require a true partnership between mayors and the White House, and that partnership has to begin right now Instead of waiting for Washington, many of you have already made our cities laboratories of change, coming up with innovative new ways to solve the problems of our time what I will need from all of you, is unprecedented responsibility and accountability

17 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 17 Sub-national public sector across Europe, key figures local and regional authorities 18 million people employed (56% of total public employment) 16% of total EU GDP* 1/3 of total public expenditure 2/3 of total public capital expenditure * comparison: European Economic Recovery Plan 1,5% of EU GDP = 0,3% (EU) + 1,2%(MS) 3,3% if automatic stabilisers are counted Source: Dexia (December 2008), Sub-national governments in the EU. Huge potential for innovation

18 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 18 Sub-national public expenditure, key investment driver On average 2/3 of total public capital expenditure Source: Eurostat, EC(2007), Fourth Cohesion Report

19 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 19 Level of public expenditure, decentralisation and Innovation ranking Source: our elaboration from Dexia(2008), Sub-national governments in the EU. and from EC(2008), European Innovation Scoreboard Innovation Scoreboard ranking Innovation leaders Innovation followers Moderate innovators Catching-up countries

20 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 20 Many channels to inject innovation in local/regional expenditure Source: Dexia(2008), Sub-national governments in the EU. Organisation, responsibilities and finance

21 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 21 Innovation drivers: regions and local authorities act as … Facilitators: e.g. better regulation, e-infrastructure, e-services, Innovators: e.g. re-engineering of public services (Web 2.0) Promoters: e.g. incentivating new energy efficiency applications Coordinators: e.g. fostering sector based public-private partnerships Networkers: e.g. by creating European innovation networks Forerunners: e.g. by developing pilot projects which deliver quicker and more ambitiously than targets set at national / EU level (e.g. fight to climate change – Covenant of Mayors)

22 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 22 Navarra, an example of green innovation Navarras development of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) Around 100 companies working in this sector (GDP 5%) 5000 jobs generated Technology, know-how development and internationalisation Companies of Navarra have registered 43 patents on RES issues Environment improvement: - every year circa CO2 tons have not been emitted - non-fossil fuels account for 61% of electricity consumed in Navarra, against Spanish average 10%. Governamnet of Navarras support: - more than 400 MEUR invested on RES systems - substantial investment through EU cohesion policy

23 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 23 Ruhr2010+ Ruhr Region is diversifying its production and employment base In North-Rhine Westphalia, creative industry (media, arts, culture, etc.) accounts nowadays for 32.1 billions EUR turnover people employed enterprises

24 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 24 The leverage effect of EU Cohesion Policy The EU regional policy -based on solidarity -activated in all EU regions is an effective lever for regional and local innovation Leverage effects Financial leverage national and regional co-financing, PPPs, financial engineering Strategic policy orientation mainstreaming of EU policies in local context, adaptation Institutional capacity building innovation of administrations, reinforcement of management Cohesive building of Europe local partnership, citizens involvement, territorial cooperation

25 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 25 The scale: territorial cooperation, Europe and the world

26 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 26 Meta-regions, e.g. strategy for Baltic Sea Region (and others?) More strategic and flexible territorial cooperation Macro-region level allows to address challenges which go beyond traditional regional or national boundaries (e.g. Strategy for Baltic Sea Region, Strategy for Danube Basin) Attempt to better coordinate legislation, planning, funding across EU, national, regional and local policy-making Sometimes, internal territorial cohesion highly affected by external relations (e.g. neighbourhood) Multi-level governance is key question: how do we adapt existing structures? do we need new set-ups (Council level, EGTCs, etc.)? how do we ensure macro-regional interest fitting EU? CoR is working politically through its interregional groups –Baltic Sea –North Sea –Saar-Lor-Lux (The Greater Region) –Danube –Mediterranean Source: Prof. Esko Antola (Centrum Balticum)

27 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 27 European networking. e.g. satellite-based regional innovation 27 NEREUS Network of European Regions Using Satellite infrastructure-based services Implementation cooperation, exchange of best practices, input to policy-making broad range of intervention areas relevant for local and regional authorities environment, emergencies and security (urban transport, spatial planning, flooding, fire, pollution control) Regional clusters are also often at the core of the research, technological development and experimentation of innovative systems of satellite-based services

28 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 28 Territorial cooperation. e.g. Technological Top Region (NL / BE / DE) Aim: «Triple helix » at cross border level (business / knowledge institutions / government) Partners: Provinces of Limburg and North Brabant (NL), Provinces of Brabant, Limburg and Liege (BE), Land of North Rhine-Westphalia (DE) Focus: three clusters: chemicals and advanced materials, High Technical Systems (Engineering), Health Sciences

29 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 29 Development cooperation Regions and cities are essential actors to assist development countries Decentralised cooperation e.g. Germany 750 Mio Spain 440 Mio Commitment must be kept, efficiency must be improved, coordination is needed New instruments: Cartography of decentralised development policy Establishment of an exchange of decentralised development cooperation

30 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 30 The engagement of the CoR

31 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 31 Berlin Declaration 25 March 2007 There are many goals which we cannot achieve on our own, but only in concert. Tasks are shared between the European Union, the Member States and their regions and local authorities - European Heads of State and Government, in the Berlin Declaration on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Treaties of Rome, Berlin, 25 March 2007

32 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 32 The Committee of the Regions commitment European Summit of Regions and Cities Prague, 5-6 March Regions and cities for Europe 600 participants: Mayors, President of Regions, EU Institutions Main messages: - regions and cities are key players in economic recovery - need to coordinate between different levels of government - added value of the European common policies as common level playing field - relevance of the European Elections, June 2009

33 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 33 Signing of the Lisbon Treaty, 13 December 2007

34 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 34 Lisbon Treaty: prospects for MLG New definition of subsidiarity: LRA dimension (art. 5 TEU) New actors: regional parliaments (Pcl. on subsidiarity) Strengthened role for national parliaments (art 11 TEU, Pcl. on the role of NP s in the EU, and Pcl. on subsidiarity & proportionality) Strengthened role for the CoR: Subsidiarity defence before the ECJ (Pcl. on subsidiarity) Privileged access to ECJ in defence of prerogatives (art 263 TFEU) Consulted in new areas as climate change & energy (art 307 TFEU) Territorial cohesion as an objective of the Union (art 3 TEU): RLA dimension to be better taken into account in EU policy making.

35 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 35 Lisbon Treaty: prospects for MLG (2) EU to respect the internal constitutional and political structure in MS, inclusive of local and regional self-governance (art 4 TEU) Regulatory impact of EU legislation on RLAs is to be taken into account (Pcl. On subsidiarity) Promotion of social dialogue (art 152 TFEU) Provisions on democratic principles and the Citizen s initiative => a tool for civil society dialogue, platforms and action? Towards a more participative democracy based EU? (Art 9-11 TEU) Convention method is ordinary method for Treaty change (art 48 TEU)

36 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 36 The Committee of the Regions White Paper on Multilevel Governance - Objectives: Building EU in partnership Renewed partnership based Community method Consolidated constitutional framework Developed culture of interinstitutional and political cooperation Enhanced participation in the European process Reinforced effectiveness of Community action « Regional and local authorities are genuine partners rather than mere intermediaries »

37 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 37 Definition of multilevel governance Coordinated action based on partnership and aimed at drawing up and implementing EU policies Dynamic process with a horizontal and vertical dimension, which does not dilute political responsibility

38 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level examples of multilevel governance 1.The Covenant of Mayors: committing and cooperating in the fight against climate change 2.The Euro-Mediterranean regional and local Assembly (ARLEM) 3.Open Days: European Week of Regions and Cities 4.Decentralised communication 5.European cohesion policy: leverage effects for Community policies

39 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 39 Signing of the Covenant of Mayors, 10 February 2009

40 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level examples of multilevel governance 6.The Lisbon Monitoring Platform of the Committee of the Regions 7.The Subsidiarity Monitoring Network 8.An integrated maritime policy for the European Union 9.The Strategy for the Baltic Sea region 10.The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC)

41 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 41 The Committee of the Regions commitment The Lisbon Monitoring Platform gathers 114 regions and cities from 26 EU countries allows an exchange of best practice and mutual learning monitors the advancement of the Jobs and Growth Strategy on the field analyses the Economic Recovery measures undertaken at local and regional level Currently open consultation on the strategy post 2010 for Growth and Jobs

42 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 42 The Committee of the Regions commitment Territorial cooperation and EGTC European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation new legal tool to stabilise cooperation between regions, local authorities and national authorities – strongly demanded by the CoR CoRs EGTC Expert Group: 40 Members from 23 different Member States Investigation on added value of EGTC with respect to scope (including R+D+I) and scale of territorial cooperation 5 EGTCs already established, about 30 on the pipeline across Europe

43 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 43 The CoR and the Academia

44 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 44 CoR and Academia Thesis Competition Since 1996 annual doctoral thesis competition on Local and Regional authorities in the European Union The purpose of the competition is to reward doctoral theses defended during two previous years Around 50 candidatures per year

45 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 45 CoR and Academia Ateliers on Multilevel Governance key activity driven by the newly created CoR Cellule de Prospective gather academicians (around 60 contributors so far) around topics relevant for Multilevel Governance Five Ateliers realised since September 2008 The (new) concept of multilevel governance The legal and political instruments of multilevel governance Strengthening multilevel governance in key EU policy Multilevel governance in a multipolar world Fiscal federalism Helped to prepare the CoR White Book on Multi-level Governance (adopted by Plenary on 17 June) and its follow-up Action Plan

46 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 46 CoR and Academia Open Days 2009: The University (in cooperation with DG REGIO) Bringing together academics on questions related to regional development, territorial cohesion and innovation. Working together with universities and associations and networks specialised in the field such as the Regional Studies Association or the European observation network for territorial development and cohesion (ESPON)

47 Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 47 Thank you for your attention


Download ppt "Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 11 Welcome to the Committee of the."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google