Presentation on theme: "The CSA guidance from trainees whove done it.. What the RCGP has to say… An assessment of a doctors ability to integrate and apply appropriate clinical,"— Presentation transcript:
The CSA guidance from trainees whove done it.
What the RCGP has to say… An assessment of a doctors ability to integrate and apply appropriate clinical, professional, communication and practical skills in general practice The aim of the CSA is to test a doctors ability to gather information and apply learned understanding of disease processes and person-centred care appropriately in a standardised context, make evidence-based decisions, and communicate effectively with patients and colleagues. Being able to integrate these skills effectively is a key element of this assessment.
A Few Key Points Only ST3 registrars can apply The CSA may be attempted a maximum of four times It costs £1445 to sit and if you fail you have to pay again!
The Cases Each case is linked to learning outcomes from the MRCGP curriculum Cases are meant to be representative of consultations seen in General Practice There are 13 cases. ALL cases are counted towards final mark There will be a mix of cases; some focusing on the clinical/medical aspects, others on ethics and communication skills e.g. difficult patients or negotiation There may be a telephone consultation or a home visit
Marking Each case will be marked in 3 domains: Data Gathering, Technical and Clinical Assessment skills Clinical Management skills Interpersonal skills Each domain carries equal marks There are positive and negative descriptors for each domain specific to each case which the examiners will refer to when marking
The 3 Domains Data Gathering, Technical and Assessment Skills: Gathering and using data for clinical judgement, choice of examination, investigations and their interpretation. Demonstrating proficiency in performing physical examinations and using diagnostic and therapeutic instruments. Clinical and Management Skills: Recognition and management of common medical conditions in primary care. Demonstrating a structures and flexible approach to decision making. Demonstrating the ability to deal with multiple complaints and co-morbidity. Demonstrating the ability to promote a positive approach to health. Interpersonal Skills: Demonstrating the use of recognised communication techniques to understand the patients illness experience and develop a shared approach to managing problems. Practicing ethically with respect for equality and diversity, in line with the accepted codes of professional conduct.
Generic descriptors – Data Gathering Positive Indicators Clarifies the problem & nature of decision required Uses an incremental approach, using time and accepting uncertainty Gathers information from history taking, examination and investigation in a systematic and efficient manner. Is appropriately selective in the choice of enquiries, examinations & investigations Identifies abnormal findings or results & makes appropriate interpretations Uses instruments appropriately & fluently When using instruments or conducting physical examinations, performs actions in a rational sequence Negative Indicators Makes immediate assumptions about the problem Intervenes rather than using appropriate expectant management Is disorganised/unsystematic in gathering information Data gathering does not appear to be guided by the probabilities of disease. Fails to identify abnormal data or correctly interpret them Appears unsure of how to operate/use instruments Appears disorganised/unsystematic in the application of the instruments or the conduct of physical examinations
Descriptors The full list of generic descriptors for each domain can be found at: Exams_CSA_Generic_domain_indicators_v9.doc
Marks Four grades for each domain: Clear Pass (3) Pass (2) Fail (1) Clear Fail (0) Grades are converted to numerical scale to give an overall mark Each domain is marked out of 3 giving an overall mark out of 9 for each case. All 13 cases are marked and counted giving an overall maximum mark of 117
Grades Clear Pass: The candidate demonstrates an above-average level of competence, with a justifiable clinical approach that is fluent, appropriately focussed and technically proficient. The candidate shows sensitivity, actively shares ideas and may empower the patient Pass: The candidate demonstrates an adequate level of competence, displaying a clinical approach that may not be fluent but is justifiable and technically proficient. The candidate shows sensitivity and tries to involve the patient. Fail: The candidate fails to demonstrate adequate competence, with a clinical approach that is at times unsystematic or inconsistent with accepted practice. Technical proficiency may be of concern. The patient is treated with sensitivity and respect but the doctor does not sufficiently facilitate or respond to the patients contribution. Clear Fail: The candidate clearly fails to demonstrate competence, with clinical management that is incompatible with accepted practice or a problem-solving approach that is arbitrary or technically incompetent. The patient is not treated with adequate attention, sensitivity or respect for their contribution
More on the Marking Cases change each day Pass mark for each case created using the Borderline Group method. This is used to calculate the overall pass mark for each day – more details on RCGP website Daily pass mark established to allow for differing case mix on different days
Results Results and feedback via ePortfolio Candidates given their overall score, and passing score for that day Areas of improvement as identified by 2 or more examiners flagged (picking from 16 feedback statements) Feb/March 2011: 75.2% pass rate (79.8% for first time candidates), scores ranged from
Feedback Statements Global 1. Disorganised / unstructured consultation 2. Does not recognise the issues or priorities in the consultation (for example, the patients problem, ethical dilemma etc). 3. Shows poor time management. Data Gathering 4. Does not identify abnormal findings or results or fails to recognise their implications 5. Does not undertake physical examination competently, or use instruments proficiently
Feedback Statements Clinical management 6. Does not make the correct working diagnosis or identify an appropriate range of differential possibilities. 7. Does not develop a management plan (including prescribing and referral) reflecting knowledge of current best practice. 8. Does not make adequate arrangements for follow-up and safety netting. 9. Does not demonstrate an awareness of management of risk or make the patient aware of relative risks of different options. 10. Does not attempt to promote good health at opportune times in the consultation.
Feedback Statements Interpersonal skills 11. Does not appear to develop rapport or show sensitivity for the patients feelings. 12. Does not identify or explore information about patients agenda, health beliefs & preferences. 13. Does not make adequate use of verbal & non-verbal cues. Poor active listening skills. 14. Does not identify or use appropriate psychological or social information to place the problem in context 15. Does not develop a shared management plan, demonstrating an ability to work in partnership with the patient. 16. Does not use language and/or explanations that are relevant and understandable to the patient
CSA in 10min 5 MIN Open Questions Rapport building, Active listening, Summarising etc ICE Psychosocial context (a little further Hx taking) Red Flags Examination 5 MIN Explanation (eg diagnosis) Management Options discussion Check understanding & agreed plan Safety Netting/ F/U
Nub of the Case Cues Flexibility
Nubs of Cases TATT: a) explanation of low T4 (ref to info sheet) b) depression/ psychosocial element HRT a) explanation & sharing options b) negotiation (eg herbal, HRT given hi risk factors) c) psychosocial First Fit a) clinical Mx b) psychosocial- HGV driver + negotiation/ breaking bad news Headache/ Palpitations a) explanation/ reassurance/ exploring ICE b) Clin Mx & explain re fastrack (or 24 ECG) c) depression/ psychosocial
IMGs the under performance of minority ethnic candidates UK graduates 91.6% Non-European 56.9% Communication Patient-centred Clear Management Plans Shared Managing Medical Complexity Fish out of Water Linguistic Capital
IMGs cont Communication Eye contact vs sensitivity/ cues Formulaic Interrogation Eliciting not exploring Picking up Pt language Over-categorical No sunny pairing Unclear Explanations Interactional smoothness
IMGs cont Communication Informal speech patterns Avoid Medical Jargon Idioms/ Colloquialisms Jokes Dr-Pt partnership Topics Palliative Care Death and Bereavement Sex and Sexuality Mental Health
IMGs- moving forward Start Early Resources Website Books TV Trainer GPSTs Video Consultations Joint Surgeries CSA practice with range of GPSTs
Summary Integrated assessment of Clinical Skills Safe to Practise Independently Mark-schemes Expect to examine Structured approach Dont forget the Management Plan! It is acheiveable!
CSA - PREPARATION
When to Start? After all tomorrow is another day Generally 2 - 3m
Where to Start?!! Overwhelming - need to know everything Consultations to identify learning needs Group practice - good impetus to getting started provides the proverbial.... ???Use curriculum
Some Suggestions Case practice - probably most useful lots of books with scenarios ?write own cases Study group Identify consultations felt uncertain about
Start identify what exam is testing Often talk about the nub of the case Common problems/scenarios About communication BUT need reasonable knowledge base - confidence Need to show what youre thinking - - verbalise!!
Dealing with Monotony Practice small sections eg. explanation, management - common reasons for failure Quick fire questions Look at some PILS - patient.co.uk
Other Resources NICE, patient.co.uk, CKS, GPnotebook InnoVait, BMJ GP Handbook
Courses Loads available, BOOK EARLY Yorks & Humber Deanery courses available in: Harrogate Pennine Hull RCGP - Croydon Bradford VTS website is fab
Deanery Courses 1 day, BOOK IMMEDIATELY!! Presentations - exam structure, what examiners looking for etc, marking scheme 4 cases, observed get feedback Group observed cases - difficult scenarios
RCGP 2 days Opportunity see centre Run by senior examiners Also talk by role-playing lead Presentation based
In group total 12 cases, though may only get to role play once yourself However do give good idea of what the exam is about Lots of tips and tricks
VTS Session Mock CSA ~6 -8 cases Observed, then get feed-back Well worth going
Booking Exam If youve got a preference book early - that morning But dont delay, have run out of places at busy times of year
The What To Do On The Day Bit
Where It Is… The RCGP Assessment Centre 12 – 16 Addiscombe Road East Croydon CR0 0XT 18 th, 19 th & 20 th floors
Where To Stay Croydon Park Hotel Jurys Inn Travelodge Victoria London
What To Take Photo ID! BNF Stethoscope Ophthalmoscope Auroscope Thermometer Tendon hammer Tape Measure Peak Flow Meter
On The Day… Arrive on time! Briefing
Cases Acute and chronic Ethics Health Promotion Negotiation Telephone Home Visit