Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Congress Role—Lawmakers. Congress Most basic governmental function:

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Congress Role—Lawmakers. Congress Most basic governmental function:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Congress Role—Lawmakers

2 Congress Most basic governmental function:

3 Basic Info for BOTH houses U.S. Legislative body is Concern is representation via population as in House, but not Senate. Term—is two years, “noon on Jan. 3rd” of every odd numbered year. Sessions—there are 2 for each term, one year each. One House cannot adjourn without consent of other.

4 Size and Terms of HOUSE Today, 435 seats. Seats are apportioned by population. Terms are for two years Reapportionment Single-member districts Wesberry v. Sanders, 1964 outlawed Gerrymandering Qualifications Custom, not in Constitution, requires a representative live in district he/ she represents.

5 Size and Term of SENATE Senators serve terms of six years. As with the House, can be re-elected any number of times. continuous body Qualifications

6 Duties of Congress 1.Legislators—law makers 2.Committee members 3.Representatives of their constituents 4.Servants of their constituents 5.Politicians 6.Screen proposed bills to see if they should make them to the floor 7.Oversight function of various agencies in executive branch

7 Four Voting Options Trustee Delegates Partisans Politicos

8 Congressional Powers Expressed Powers Implied Powers Inherent Powers

9 Expressed Powers Power to Tax Direct Tax Indirect Tax Power to Borrow Commerce Power Currency Power Legal tender Bankruptcy Foreign Relations Powers War Powers Naturalization Postal Power Copyright and Patents Weights and Measures Power over Territories Eminent Domain Judicial Powers

10 Implied powers Necessary and Proper Clause (elastic)

11 Non-legislative Powers Constitutional Amendments Electoral Duties Impeachment Executive Powers Investigatory Power

12 The Need for Committees

13 Committees Standing committees Select committees Joint committees Conference committees Subcommittees

14 House of Representatives Not a continuous body; causes slow start to new sessions.

15 Speaker of the House

16 Senate A continuous body, allows for smooth start to new sessions.

17 President of the Senate V.P. CANNOT speak or debate. V.P. may ONLY vote to break a tie, not a cause a tie. President pro tempore

18 Facts about Bills As many as 10,000 bills proposed between both houses in a term. Less than 10 % become law. Where do they start? How are they introduced? Two types of Bills:

19 Bill Becomes a Law in the House Most bills die in committee; they are pigeonholed. Debate in House Voting in House After approval

20 Bill Becomes a Law in the Senate Also committee work. Debate Filibuster Cloture Rule

21 Presidents Five possible Actions to a passed congressional bill: Sign the bill Veto Does not act on it for 10 days Pocket veto “Line-item veto”

Download ppt "Congress Role—Lawmakers. Congress Most basic governmental function:"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google