Basic Info for BOTH houses U.S. Legislative body is Concern is representation via population as in House, but not Senate. Term—is two years, “noon on Jan. 3rd” of every odd numbered year. Sessions—there are 2 for each term, one year each. One House cannot adjourn without consent of other.
Size and Terms of HOUSE Today, 435 seats. Seats are apportioned by population. Terms are for two years Reapportionment Single-member districts Wesberry v. Sanders, 1964 outlawed Gerrymandering Qualifications Custom, not in Constitution, requires a representative live in district he/ she represents.
Size and Term of SENATE Senators serve terms of six years. As with the House, can be re-elected any number of times. continuous body Qualifications
Duties of Congress 1.Legislators—law makers 2.Committee members 3.Representatives of their constituents 4.Servants of their constituents 5.Politicians 6.Screen proposed bills to see if they should make them to the floor 7.Oversight function of various agencies in executive branch
Four Voting Options Trustee Delegates Partisans Politicos
Expressed Powers Power to Tax Direct Tax Indirect Tax Power to Borrow Commerce Power Currency Power Legal tender Bankruptcy Foreign Relations Powers War Powers Naturalization Postal Power Copyright and Patents Weights and Measures Power over Territories Eminent Domain Judicial Powers
Implied powers Necessary and Proper Clause (elastic)