Presentation on theme: "Zoe Whale / Lynette Lane GCP Facilitators, NISCHR CRC Good Clinical Practice in Research Clinical Trial Regulations."— Presentation transcript:
Zoe Whale / Lynette Lane GCP Facilitators, NISCHR CRC Good Clinical Practice in Research Clinical Trial Regulations
At the end of this session, I hope you will be able to: Understand there is a set of interwoven laws, guidelines and frameworks which govern the set up and conduct of clinical research Understand what CTIMP and non-CTIMP studies are, the differences between them and the regulatory requirements which govern their conduct See GCP as a live subject which is about continually improving the way things are done Share your experiences of applying GCP to your own research field Objectives
Safeguard and protect research subjects Risk reduction Quality data/outcomes Excellent research, good science What is the significance of regulation and standards in clinical research?
Can anyone give me examples of bad or poor research? Examples
Ethical standards to protect people have been around for over 60 years Standards in Research are not new
The framework applies to all research that relates to the responsibilities of the Secretary of State for Health … research concerned with the protection and promotion of public health, research undertaken in or by the Department of Health, its non Departmental Public Bodies and the NHS, and research undertaken by or within social care agencies. It includes clinical and non-clinical research The framework is not law but must be adhered to for all studies conducted in Wales Research Governance Framework for Health and Social Care in Wales 2009
EU Clinical Trials Directive 2001/20/EC EU GCP Directive 2005/28/EC EU Legislation UK Legislation Medicines for Human Use (Clinical Trials) Regulations 2004 (SI 1031) Medicines for Human Use (Clinical Trials) Amendment Regulations 2006 (SI 1928) Amendment 2006 (SI 2964) Amendment 2008 (SI 941) Amendment 2009 (SI 1164) Guidance EC Commission Eudralex – Volume 10 Clinical Trial guidelines ICH GCP Topic E6 – Good Clinical Practice Organisation/Sponsor SOPs Research Governance Framework for Health and Social Care Amendment 2010 (SI 1882)
Prior to 2004 the standards were guidelines and dual standards existed For the first time ethical and scientific standards for the set up, and conduct of clinical research involving human subjects receiving investigational medicinal products, became subject to law What is all the fuss about?
EU Directives are legislation issued by the European Union defining an outcome or change that is binding for each member state EU Directives must be transposed into law in each member state to become law in that country In the UK this is achieved by the introduction of a Statutory Instrument named within an Act of Parliament, which then becomes the law European Directives & UK Laws
Introduced to ensure that everyone follows the same GCP standards Clarified and standardised practice for the safety of the subject and the quality of the data Refers to the Core Principles of ICH GCP (as a scientific guideline), especially Principles 5,7,11,12 and 13 Major areas of change included: - The ethics review system came under the law - Each member state had to appoint a Competent Authority (MHRA in UK) - Strengthened consent for vulnerable groups - Amendments required to follow a process - Additional safety reporting requirements - All results have to be made available even if negative findings were found European Clinical Trials Directive 2001/20/EC
GCP principles are a standard for the design, conduct, performance, monitoring, auditing, recording, analyses and reporting of clinical trials that provides assurance that the data and reported results are credible and accurate, and that the rights, integrity and confidentiality of trial subjects are protected Imagine you have been asked to participate as a subject in a clinical study or trial What would you want to know about the study and the people involved in its conduct before taking part?
GCP elements : MHRA inspection areas Trial initiation, approvals and completion Responsibilities of organisations and individuals Recruitment and informed consent processes, Documentation and data quality Safety reporting /pharmacovigilance
Statutory Instrument 2004/1031 Transposed European Clinical Trials Directive 2001/20/EC into UK Law from 1 May 2004 Made amendments to the Medicines Act 1968 which regulated the supply of medicines for a clinical trial, but did not cover standards of conduct on a clinical trial SI 2004/1031 regulates the commencement and conduct of a clinical trial and the manufacture of medicinal products to be used (including placebo) Medicines for Human Use (Clinical trials) Regulations 2004
The second EU Directive clarified and extends the first Major areas of change included: - Duties can be delegated, but not responsibilities - New requirements on sponsor and investigators in relation to Trial Documentation - Notification of serious breaches Statutory Instrument 2006/1928 Transposed European Clinical Trials Directive 2005/28/EC into UK Law from 29 August 2006 Makes amendments to the Medicines for Human Use (Clinical Trials) Regulations 2004 European Clinical Trials Directive 2005/28/EC
There have also been subsequent Statutory Instruments which govern the conduct of clinical research in the UK. The Statutory Instruments are: 2004/1031 (1 May 2004) – EU Directive 2001/20/EC transposed into law 2006/1928 (29 August 2006) – EU Directive 2005/28/EC transposed into law 2006/2984 (12 December 2006) – A&E trials without consent for adults without capacity 2008/941 (1 May 2008) – Research Ethics Committee membership and approval 2009/1164 (8 May 2009) – Urgent safety measures 2010/1882 (19 August 2010) – Advanced Therapy Medicinal Products All are available on the MHRA website UK Regulations
Researchers work within other guidelines and laws, including Data Protection Act (1998) Protection of Children Act (1999) Mental Capacity Act (2005) Human Tissue Act (2004) Equality and Diversity Legislation Freedom of Information Act (2000) Welsh Language Act 1993/ 2011 Health Board Policies In addition …
2010 e-SUSAR reporting to MHRA : expedited safety reporting 2010 public consultation on proposals for amending adverse reaction reports (CT3) 2010 Academy of Medical Sciences Review – recommendations to streamline bureaucracy and reduce costs 2011 the DSUR (Development Safety Update Report) will replace the Annual Safety Report 2011 MHRA develops risk-adapted approaches to approvals, monitoring and inspection Some update areas
A Clinical Trial of an Investigational Medicinal Product (CTIMP) is a legal definition and describes those trials which fall within the scope of the Medicines for Human Use (Clinical Trials) Regulations 2004 Non-CTIMPS are studies which do not use IMPs as defined by the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) The rules governing medicinal products in the European Union Guidance documents on the MHRA website includes an algorithm to help you decide whether your study is a CTIMP or non-CTIMP CTIMPS and Non-CTIMPS
CTIMP and Non CTIMP Requirements CTIMPs Non-CTIMPs Must identify a sponsor Require a favourable ethical opinion from a research ethics committee Require host (R&D) approval to conduct the study Must maintain a study master file Must receive consent from the volunteer Must collect accurate data Must create a clear audit trail Must be aware of the safety reporting requirements Must conduct the study to Good Clinical practice guidelines Must demonstrate financial transparency Must be adequately funded Must identify a sponsor Require a favourable ethical opinion from a research ethics committee Require host (R&D) approval to conduct the study Must maintain a study master file Must receive consent from the volunteer Must collect accurate data Must create a clear audit trail Must be aware of the safety reporting requirements Must conduct the study to Good Clinical practice guidelines Must demonstrate financial transparency Must be adequately funded
CTIMP and Non CTIMP Requirements CTIMPs Non-CTIMPs Are governed by law and come under the jurisdiction of the UK competent authority: Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) Must receive a Clinical Trials Authorisation Must register for a EudraCT number (European Clinical Trials Database) Are subject to mandatory inspections Introduced Good Manufacturing Practice Are governed by the NHS Research Governance Framework
We have standards to protect research participants and data quality In health and social care research in Wales, we work to the standards set out in: - Research Governance Framework for Health and Social Care (2009) - Statutory Instruments for CTIMPs brought into law through the Medicines for Human Use (Clinical trials) Regulations 2004 A set of interwoven frameworks, guidelines and laws govern the set- up and conduct of health and social care research Requirements for CTIMP and Non-CTIMP studies are largely the same, with some additional requirements for CTIMPs In summary …