Presentation on theme: "Crime and Deviance What do you need to know?. What is crime and deviance? Deviance is when you break a social norm and behave in a way that is wrong in."— Presentation transcript:
What is crime and deviance? Deviance is when you break a social norm and behave in a way that is wrong in the eyes of your friends. Crime is when you break a written law. Not all crime is deviant, not all deviance is crime. The difference is to do with the types of rules you break.
Who makes the rules? Laws are made by: Parliament Judges and lawyers. Laws are made because people wanted them made. They reflect the views of the people who made them.
Theories of crime Labelling theory says crime exists because people were labelled as criminals by other people. If we treat people as criminal, they will behave in a criminal way. Can you agree with this?
Sub-culture theories Sub-cultural theories claim that criminals mix with other criminals. They have different values and beliefs from the rest of us. They act in a criminal way because they do not feel what they are doing is wrong. Can you agree with this?
Marxist theories Some sociologists say that crime exists because society is very unequal. The real criminals are the rich people who exploit the rest of us and make us poor. Criminals are just rejecting the society we live in. Can you agree with this?
Emile Durkheim This famous thinker said that we need crime in society. It makes the rest of us good, because we don’t feel like that. We need criminals to show us where we need laws and what laws are important. Criminals are creative people. Can you agree with this?
What do we know about crime? We learn about crime from official statistics. The crime we do not know about is the Dark Figure. Official figures are not always accurate. There are problems with –Reporting crime –Recording crime –Reasons why the crime statistics were gathered.