Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byElijah Schmitt Modified over 4 years ago

1
2. Piecewise-smooth maps Chris Budd

2
Maps

3
Key idea … The functions or one of their nth derivatives, differ when Discontinuity set Interesting discontinuity induced bifurcations occur when limit sets of the map intersect the discontinuity set

4
Piecewise-Linear, continuous

5
Origin of piecewise-linear continous maps: Direct: Electronic switches [Hogan, Homer, di Bernardo, Feigin, Banerjee] Poincare maps of flow: Corner bifurcations DC-DC convertors

6
Piecewise-Linear, discontinuous

7
Origin of piecewise-linear discontinuous maps: Direct: Neuron dynamics [Keener, Stark, Bressloff] Heart beats [Keener] Electronic switches [Hogan, Banerjee] Circle maps [Glendinning, Arnold] Poincare maps of flow: Impact oscillators [B, Pring] Cam dynamics [B, Piiroinen] Pin-ball machines [Pring]

8
Square-root-Linear, continuous

9
Origin of Square-root-Linear, continuous maps Local behaviour of the Poincare maps of hybrid systems close to grazing impacts [Budd, Nordmark, Whiston] Quasi-local behaviour of the Poincare maps of piecewise-smooth flows close to grazing (The very local behaviour of such flows leads to maps with a piecewise linear map coupled to a map with a 3/2 power law)

10
All maps have fixed points over certain ranges of Border collision bifurcations occur when for certain parameter values the fixed points intersect with the discontinuity set Get exotic dynamics close to these parameter values

11
I: Dynamics of the piecewise-linear-continuous map [Feigin, Hogan. Homer, di Bernardo] Fixed points Not all fixed points are admissible!

12
Persistence of a stable Fixed point

13
Non-smooth Fold Bifurcation

14
Non-smooth Period-doubling

15
Period-adding Robust chaos

17
II: Dynamics of the piecewise-linear-discontinous map [Glendinning, Keener, Arnold, Stark, Shantz,..] Two fixed points R admissible if x > 0 L admissible if x < 0

18
Co-existing periodic orbits

19
Fixed point Region of non-existence … expect exotic dynamics here

20
High period periodic orbits mu-1 Period 2 LR periodic orbit Admissible range: Separate from L or R if,overlaps with L if

21
Period n: L n-1 R periodic orbit

22
If: Period n: L n-1 R periodic orbit exists when Period 2n-1: L n-1 RL n-2 R periodic orbit exists for certain parameter values In the interval Period-adding

23
Parameter range for simple periodic orbits Fractions 1/nFractions (n-1)/n

24
Period adding Farey sequence Fixed point Homoclinic orbit Fixed point

26
Winding number

27
Dynamics of the piecewise-linear map Period adding Farey sequence Chaotic

28
Dynamics of the piecewise-linear map Period incrementing sequence

29
III. Piecewise Square-root-linear maps Map arises in the study of grazing bifurcations of flows and hybrid systems Infinite stretching when Fixed point at

30
Chaos Period adding

31
Immediate jump to robust chaos Partial period adding

32
Period adding Period adding windows scale geometrically with lambda squared.

33
Stable fixed point x=0 if Unstable fixed point if Typical dynamics

34
Trapping region: Induced map Maximal value

35
Map shows a strong degree of self-similarity F is piecewise-smooth, m is piecewise-constant Implies geometric scaling of period-adding windows F/mu m

37
G has an infinite number of fixed points All unstable if First stable if First and second stable if

38
Get similar behaviour in higher-dimensional square-root maps Map [Nordmark] also arises naturally in the study of grazing in flows and hybrid systems. Behaviour depends on the eigenvalues of A

39
If A has complex eigenvalues we see discontinuous transitions between periodic orbits similar to the piecewise-linear case. If A has real eigenvalues we see similar behaviour to the 1D map

40
Next lecture.. See how this allows us to explain the dynamics of hybrid and related systems

Similar presentations

Presentation is loading. Please wait....

OK

Bifurcations in piecewise-smooth systems Chris Budd.

Bifurcations in piecewise-smooth systems Chris Budd.

© 2019 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policy, including cookie policy.

Ads by Google