In the early morning hours of September 11, 2001, four commercial airliners were hijacked. 8:46 a.m. – American Airlines Flight 11 was the first to crash into the North Tower of the World Trade Center. Approximately seventeen minutes later, United Airlines Flight 175 crashed into the South Tower. Images from World Trade Center Building Performance Study conducted by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
New York City The second crash was captured on live television. Structural damage to both the North and South Towers caused them to collapse. The South Tower collapsed first at 9:59 a.m. The North Tower collapsed 29 minutes later. Nearly 3,000 were killed including: –343 Firefighters –23 Police Officers –37 Port Authority Police Officers –A bomb-sniffing dog named Sirius
Arlington, Virginia 9:37 a.m. – American Airlines Flight 77 crashed into the Pentagon. The western side of the building was engulfed in flames. Part of the building collapsed. 189 people were killed: –64 aboard Flight77 –125 inside the Pentagon building.
Shanksville, Pennsylvania On September 11, 2010, Former First Lady Laura Bush and First Lady Michele Obama visited the site of United Airlines Flight 93 airplane crash. The fourth plane, United Airlines Flight 93, was expected to head toward the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. Passengers in that plane, however, prevented that from happening. Unfortunately, at 10:03 A.M., the plane crashed in a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania, killing everyone onboard. Phone calls from Flight 93
Rescue and Recovery Efforts It took months to complete the rescue and recovery efforts. Some survivors were found and rescued from under the rubble, but not many. The fires beneath the rubble burned for weeks, and the cleanup was not fully complete until May 2002. Relief funds were established to help the victims and victims’ families.
Lives Lost In all, 2,996 people died that day, including the 19 hijackers. –The youngest victim was a 2-year- old girl on U.A. Flight175. –The oldest victim was an 82-year- old man on A.A. Flight 11. –To date, the remains of only 1,629 victims have been identified. More than 6,000 people were injured. It was the largest attack on United States soil since Pearl Harbor.
Broader Effects Beyond those who lost their lives on September 11, many thousands more were directly affected: –It is estimated that about 3,000 children lost a parent and more than 1,600 people lost a spouse. –20% of Americans knew someone who was either hurt or killed that day. –Nearly 150,000 jobs were lost in New York City alone as a result of the attacks. –1 year later, 7 in 10 Americans reported they had experienced depression since the attacks. Twin boys hold a photograph of their father, who was killed in the September 11 th attacks.
Some Possible Reasons… American intervention in the Middle East is the main motivation behind the 9/11 attacks. This may be part of it because when you intervene in another country, they are going to push back. Al Qaeda wants to expel westerners, more specifically, Americans. They also want to drive out the U.S. from Muslim lands. They believe American influence is one of the biggest impediments to the establishment of non-Islamic governments.
Further Research National Archives: 9/11 Commission Records –http://www.archives.gov/research/9-11/http://www.archives.gov/research/9-11/ The September 11 Digital Archive –http://911digitalarchive.org/index.phphttp://911digitalarchive.org/index.php The National Security Archive –http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/sept11/http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/sept11/ Library of Congress: Collection of Photographs –http://www.loc.gov/pictures/search/?q=September%2011http://www.loc.gov/pictures/search/?q=September%2011 National September 11 Memorial & Museum –http://www.911memorial.org/?gclid=CK_Dx8-56qoCFeqB5godQTisQwhttp://www.911memorial.org/?gclid=CK_Dx8-56qoCFeqB5godQTisQw One Year Later: Facts and Figures from USA Today –http://www.usatoday.com/news/sept11/2002-09-10-for-the-record_x.htmhttp://www.usatoday.com/news/sept11/2002-09-10-for-the-record_x.htm