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LAOS: Layered WWW AHS Authoring Model and their corresponding Algebraic Operators Alexandra I. Cristea USI intensive course Adaptive Systems April-May.

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Presentation on theme: "LAOS: Layered WWW AHS Authoring Model and their corresponding Algebraic Operators Alexandra I. Cristea USI intensive course Adaptive Systems April-May."— Presentation transcript:

1 LAOS: Layered WWW AHS Authoring Model and their corresponding Algebraic Operators Alexandra I. Cristea USI intensive course Adaptive Systems April-May 2003

2 Overview: LAOS 1.What is LAOS 2.Concept based adaptation 3.LAOS components 4.Why LAOS? 5.LAOS authoring steps 6.Future developments

3 What is LAOS?

4 a generalized model for generic adaptive hypermedia authoring based on the AHAM model based on concept maps

5 Concept-based adaptation

6 Typical adaptivity Most AS = rule-based, i.e.: Adaptation : conditional rules: IF THEN

7 Adaptive navigation & presentation

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15 LAOS components

16 domain model (DM), goal and constraints model (GM), user model (UM), adaptation model (AM) and presentation model (PM)

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18 Why LAOS?

19 General motivation for layer distributed information Flexibility Expressivity (semantics: also meta-data) Reusability Cooperation Standardization

20 LAOS motivation in detail Why domain model (DM) ? Why goal and constraints model (GM)? Why user model (UM)? Why adaptation model (AM)? and Why presentation model (PM)?

21 LAOS motivation in detail Why domain model (DM) ? Because of historical AHS, ITS, AHAM Why goal and constraints model (GM)? Why user model (UM)? Why adaptation model (AM)? and Why presentation model (PM)?

22 LAOS motivation in detail Why domain model (DM) ? Why goal and constraints model (GM)? Why user model (UM)? Because of historical ITS, AHS, AHAM Why adaptation model (AM)? and Why presentation model (PM)?

23 LAOS motivation in detail Why domain model (DM) ? Why goal and constraints model (GM)? Why user model (UM)? Why adaptation model (AM)? and Because of AHAM Why presentation model (PM)?

24 LAOS motivation in detail Why domain model (DM) ? Why goal and constraints model (GM)? Why user model (UM)? Why adaptation model (AM)? and Why presentation model (PM)? Because of Kuypers, AHAM

25 LAOS motivation in detail Why domain model (DM) ? Why goal and constraints model (GM)? Because of book metaphor Why user model (UM)? Why adaptation model (AM)? and Why presentation model (PM)?

26 GM book metaphor generally speaking, when making a presentation, be it on the Web or not, we base this presentation on one or more references. Simplifying, a presentation is based on one or more books. With this in mind it is obvious why we cannot jump from the DM to the AM (or UM): it would be equivalent to skip the presentation and just tell the user to read the book. So, the search space is too big and there is a too high degree of generality (no purposeful orientation of the initial material - i.e., book).

27 GM motivation So, what we need is an intermediate authoring step that is goal and constraints related: goals to give a focused presentation, and constraints to limit the space of the search. Simplifying, we can consider –the goal as being a specific end-state, and –the constraint to be defined as a sub-layer of GM

28 Authoring steps in LAOS STEP 1: write concepts + concept hierarchy STEP 2: define concept attributes (main and extra attributes) STEP 3: fill concept attributes (write contents) STEP 4: add content related adaptive features regarding GM (design alternatives – AND, OR, weights, etc.) STEP 5: add UM related features (simplest way, tables, with attribute-value pairs for user-related entities (AHAM); UM can be represented as a concept map) STEP 6: decide among adaptation strategies, write in adaptation language medium- level adaptation rules or give the complete set of low level rules (such as condition- action (CA) or IF-THEN rules). STEP 7: define format (presentation means-related; define chapters) STEP 8: add adaptive features regarding presentation means (define variable page lengths, variables for figure display, formats, synchronizations points, etc.).

29 Future developments LAOS

30 Operators for each layer (partially done) Automatic transformations between layers for authoring simplification (partially done) Automatic concept linking (partially done) Verification work of the different layers


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