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The Rhetoric and Realities of Intercultural Bilingual Education in the Peruvian Amazon Sheila Aikman DEV 3.12.09.

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Presentation on theme: "The Rhetoric and Realities of Intercultural Bilingual Education in the Peruvian Amazon Sheila Aikman DEV 3.12.09."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Rhetoric and Realities of Intercultural Bilingual Education in the Peruvian Amazon Sheila Aikman DEV 3.12.09

2 Presentation outline Educational Quality Educational Quality Growth of Intercultural Bilingual Education (IBE) in Latin American and Peru. Growth of Intercultural Bilingual Education (IBE) in Latin American and Peru. Case study of education and the Harakmbut of SE Peruvian Amazon. Case study of education and the Harakmbut of SE Peruvian Amazon. Rethinking quality intercultural education Rethinking quality intercultural education

3 Aspects of a theoretical framework Quality education as a social justice issue Quality education as a social justice issue EdQual DFID Consortium EdQual DFID Consortium N.Fraser (2008) social justice as distribution, recognition and participation. Questions of reframing. N.Fraser (2008) social justice as distribution, recognition and participation. Questions of reframing. Capabilities approach (Sen, Unterhalter) Capabilities approach (Sen, Unterhalter) Intersecting developments/ multiple modernities/ life projects (N. Long, Blaser, De Souza), self-development and life projects (Gray, Villegas et al). Intersecting developments/ multiple modernities/ life projects (N. Long, Blaser, De Souza), self-development and life projects (Gray, Villegas et al). Social movements: indigenous rights and self- determination (Bebbington, Hvalkof, Hierro Garcia) Social movements: indigenous rights and self- determination (Bebbington, Hvalkof, Hierro Garcia)

4 Latin American regional initiatives Education for decolonisation Education for decolonisation Education for indigenous peoples needs to escape from its straightjacket of integration and adopt a linguistically, culturally and ethnically plural character. 1982 Proyecto Mayor, UNESCO-Orealc

5 Peruvian National Policy 2000s An education which takes into account the cultural and linguistic particularities of indigenous peoples and communities. An education which takes into account the cultural and linguistic particularities of indigenous peoples and communities. IBE will promote respect for cultural diversity, intercultural dialogue and awareness of indigenous rights. IBE will promote respect for cultural diversity, intercultural dialogue and awareness of indigenous rights. With regard to the practice, there are difficulties in applying the notion of interculturalism as a classroom practice. With regard to the practice, there are difficulties in applying the notion of interculturalism as a classroom practice. Working Document 2002, Peruvian Ministry of Education Working Document 2002, Peruvian Ministry of Education

6 An Amazon indigenous-determined approach to IBE AIDESEP/ISPL – Bilingual Teacher Training Programme 1990s AIDESEP/ISPL – Bilingual Teacher Training Programme 1990s Framed in context of the global indigenous movement and Working Group for the Rights of Indigenous Peoples – rights to education. Framed in context of the global indigenous movement and Working Group for the Rights of Indigenous Peoples – rights to education. Assumes that schools play an important but not unique role in indigenous childrens development and they should complement rather than supersede family/community- based education…this strategy can strengthen indigenous educational practices but not replace them Trapnell 2003 Assumes that schools play an important but not unique role in indigenous childrens development and they should complement rather than supersede family/community- based education…this strategy can strengthen indigenous educational practices but not replace them Trapnell 2003

7 Quality education for the Harakmbut of SE Peruvian Amazon Dimensions of quality: empowering to realise rights empowering to realise rights extend capabilities of individuals and groups extend capabilities of individuals and groups grounded in realities of learners, communities and practitioners grounded in realities of learners, communities and practitioners recognises role of education in perpetuating and overcoming inequalities (EdQual 2007) recognises role of education in perpetuating and overcoming inequalities (EdQual 2007) intercultural dialogue, communicative continuities and discontinuities.

8 Harakmbut territory as a site of strength Fishing as a process of creating and re- creating purpose and power through shared action, meaning and language. Fishing as a process of creating and re- creating purpose and power through shared action, meaning and language. Communicative repertoires and practices oral. Communicative repertoires and practices oral.

9 Territory as a site of struggle Gold panning to access resources such as schooling. Gold panning to access resources such as schooling. Communication with gold panners – monolingual, oral Spanish. Communication with gold panners – monolingual, oral Spanish. Intercultural encounters – aggressive, violent development as extraction, progress, civilising. Intercultural encounters – aggressive, violent development as extraction, progress, civilising. Strong demand for Spanish language schooling – inclusion, access, equity. Strong demand for Spanish language schooling – inclusion, access, equity.

10 Territory as a site of resistance FENAMAD – indigenous organisation – education for rights and justice. FENAMAD – indigenous organisation – education for rights and justice. NonFormal Education – advocacy, lobby, management. NonFormal Education – advocacy, lobby, management. Spanish oracies and literacies. Spanish oracies and literacies. Lobby for IBE – developed with regional teacher training college and ministry officials. Lobby for IBE – developed with regional teacher training college and ministry officials.

11 IBE as a site of survivance – quality issues IBE for the Harakmbut today IBE for the Harakmbut today IBE as schooling IBE as schooling Schooling -biliteracy and bicultural. Schooling -biliteracy and bicultural. Limited relevance to local realities and change Limited relevance to local realities and change The value of education for Harakmbut youth. The value of education for Harakmbut youth. informalinformal Non-formalNon-formal schooling – unique role but not only form of educationschooling – unique role but not only form of education


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