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Federation eCrystals Federation: Open Repositories for Open Science Dr Liz Lyon, UKOLN, University of Bath, UK Dr Simon Coles, University of Southampton,

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Presentation on theme: "Federation eCrystals Federation: Open Repositories for Open Science Dr Liz Lyon, UKOLN, University of Bath, UK Dr Simon Coles, University of Southampton,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Federation eCrystals Federation: Open Repositories for Open Science Dr Liz Lyon, UKOLN, University of Bath, UK Dr Simon Coles, University of Southampton, UK Dr Manjula Patel, UKOLN, University of Bath, UK CNI Taskforce Meeting, Washington DC, December 2007 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Licence Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0

2 1.Chemistry and Open Science : context and practice. 2.Lessons learnt from eBank Phase 3 3.Data curation and preservation issues 4.Setting up the Federation: Challenges ahead? Overview

3 Federation Chemistry and Open Science: context and practice

4 Social networks for chemists…. New postgraduate cohorts : millennials / Google generation : new behaviours

5 Community content for chemists : rich media video + paper = Pubcast >8000 views

6 At the coalface: tagging & sharing workflows Astronomy, Bioinformatics, Chemistry, Social Science pilots. Universities of Manchester & Southampton

7 Small science : sharing in the lab

8 Open Wetware Laboratory wikis

9 Transforming practice? 2006 Open Notebook Science (ONS) 26 September: 1 st use of term blogged by Jean- Claude Bradley, Drexel University

10 2007 27 March: ONS at Amer Chem Society Symposium 7 August: ONS Poster in Second Life on Nature island 24 September: ONS Case Studies in Second Life 4 October: > 43,000 hits in Google for term ONS

11 10 & 15 October: Policy lists,DabbleDB membership database created US 11 October: ONS experiment starts in Cambridge, UK 7 November: Cameron Neylon (Univ Southampton / STFC, UK) posts Sourceforge for Science concept

12 10 November: Open Data for common molecules - Wikichemicals? Peter Murray-Rusts blog at Univ. Cambridge, UK 27 November: Research Network proposal submitted to UK research council Yesterday: about 2,400,000 Google hits for Open Notebook Science New ideas are surfacing very fast with instant development, testing and take-up…..

13 eBank Project – building the eCrystals Data Repository eBank-UK Phase 1 2003 Institutional Repository exemplar

14 Metadata Publication Using simple Dublin Core Crystal structure Title (Systematic IUPAC Name) Authors Affiliation Creation Date Additional chemical information through Qualified Dublin Core Empirical formula International Chemical Identifier (InChI) Compound Class & Keywords Specifies which datasets are present in an entry DOI Rights & Citation Application Profile

15 blogs wikis Harvest Publish

16 Federation Lessons learnt from eBank Phase 3

17 Scoping the eCrystals Federation of crystallography data repositories Questionnaire and interview-based Joint Consultation Workshop (eBank, R4L, SPECTRa) & Report Engage whole data lifecycle community – crystallographers, central facilities, publishers, data centres, and chemical information specialists. Mixed project team: Chemists, Digital Library researchers & Computer Scientists Study Aims and Approach

18 Lessons: Policy and practice Must be considered at level of the Institution and the practising Laboratory Mixed lab practice – central service facility versus single staff crystallographer in department Repository Lite for smaller lab operations? Established data publication practice + domain subject repository: Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC) Institutional policy buy-in is essential Demonstrate benefits and added value to senior managers Implications for information services structure

19 Interoperability & Standards Instrument manufacturers proprietary formats Technical software platform Metadata schema : Application profiles Standards and identifiers – International Chemical Identifier (InChI), DOI, CIF, CML, de facto software Semantic interoperability X-ray diffractometers

20 Subject Repositories, Publishing and IPR Established subject repository at CCDC (40 years old!) : repository interactions? The embargo problem : prior dissemination affecting publication of journal article Cultural issues related to chemists its my data (journal article will always be sacred) Mechanisms for sharing with collaborators and referees prior to publication?

21 Advocacy The most important issue?!?

22 Federation Data curation and preservation issues

23 Digital Curation Centre Community Development work Led by UKOLN eBank/eCrystals partner

24 eBank-UK Phase 3 Curation & Preservation Study uk/curation/ Examined four main areas 1.Audit and certification (TRAC, DRAMBORA, NESTOR, ISO International repository audit and certification BOF Group) 2.The Open Archival Information System (OAIS) and Representation Information (RI) 3.eBank-UK application profile and preservation metadata repository platform

25 Observations & Recommendations 1 Self-assessment using DRAMBORA toolkit Engage DCC audit & certification team Formulation of long-term objectives and policy – Deposit agreements – Services Aim for community-supported sustainability plan Implement regular audits: annual Produce evidence of compliance – Documentation – Transparency – Adequacy – Measurability Federation context

26 Observations & Recommendations 2 Maintenance and open access of critical file formats and software – Work-up software e.g. XPREP – Export raw data from instrumentation as imgCIF Consider Representation Information (RI) in context of whole crystallography landscape (CCDC, IUCR etc.) Develop a preservation and curation strategy and formal policies to indicate levels of service – Deposit, ingest, validation, dissemination Consider services to be developed over the DCC Registry/Repository of Representation Information (RRoRI)

27 Observations & Recommendations 3 Develop preservation strategy & plan for the specific content Capture preservation metadata, including versioning and provenance information PREMIS Data Dictionary – Semantic Units (e.g. file format, significant properties, provenance, fixity info) – Extend eBank metadata application profile (AP)? Obtain consensus on AP Seek to automate metadata generation, extraction, maintenance support for information packages

28 Federation Setting up the Federation: Challenges ahead?

29 Create Deposit Link Curate Preserve Standards Scientist Funder Collaborate Share User Discover Re-use eCrystals Federation Data Deposit Model Link Scientist Policy Advocacy Training Harvest IR Federation Publishers Data centres / aggregator services Advisory

30 Repository deployment & support Roll-out in 2 phases – Universities Sydney, Glasgow, Newcastle with platform – Universities Cambridge, STFC, ReciprocalNet, ARCHER with other platforms Information Environment Service Registry (IESR) listing Federation Collections

31 Raw Data Public domain material Laboratory Workflow & Provenance Achieving end-to-end workflows: avoiding fragmentation of data, results and interpretations Account for differing laboratory practice RAW DATADERIVED DATARESULTS DATA

32 Repository interoperability & linking services Establish core Federation application profile and mappings Bi-directional links with derived articles in publisher repositories, IUCr, Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), Chemistry Central Test linking options: StORe middleware and CLADDIER (JISC-funded projects) OAI-ORE Pathways Project developments

33 Interoperability testbed Experimental data sets + metadata as compound objects Dublin Core and METS not sufficient OAI-ORE (base: Atom Publishing Protocol) testbed Enable 3rd party services e.g. data / text mining eChemistry project

34 Enabling data discovery Royal Society of Chemistry Project Prospect tagging & semantic linking Royal Society of Chemistry Project Prospect

35 Preservation & Sustainability DRAMBORA Assessment : use DRAMBORA Interactive Enhance Application Profile with PREMIS preservation metadata Populate RRoRI with crystallography representation information Examine repository platform conformance to OAIS Ref Model Survey partner institutional preservation policies

36 Embedding into current publishing practice Chemists still want to publish scholarly articles Blogs and repositories are a new form of rapid communication, but there are prior publication concerns Timing of release of data into public domain and formal publication will be crucial – Repository must provide control over timing of public visibility – EPrints3 version of eCrystals has embargo tokens Validation and quality in an Open world – Quality indicators?

37 Advocacy Chemists still wary of Open Access eCrystals Roadshow Workshops engaging both crystallographers and their service users in the workplace Open forum at International Union of Crystallography world congress (Aug 2008) Publishers Workshop to demonstrate co-existence of open data models & traditional scholarly articles

38 Federation Questions? Slides will be available at : This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Licence Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0

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