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06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Presented by Stephen Emmott, Head of Web Services LSE.

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Presentation on theme: "06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Presented by Stephen Emmott, Head of Web Services LSE."— Presentation transcript:

1 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Presented by Stephen Emmott, Head of Web Services LSE

2 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Copyright and credits Content coloured orange on slides has been sourced from the Successful Delivery Toolkit. The Successful Delivery Toolkit is a Crown Copyright Value Added product developed, owned and published by the Office of Government Commerce. It is subject to Crown copyright protection and is reproduced under licence with the kind permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Office of Government Commerce. © Crown copyright. The OGC Successful Delivery Toolkit is a Value Added product and falls outside the scope of HMSOs Core Licence. All remaining content and slides © Copyright London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE).

3 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Overview Contents –Customer focus11 slides –Customer chains08 slides –Partnerships06 slides –Whose web is it?01 slide –Web Services at LSE01 slide –References02 slides Statistics –Total number of slides:29 –Estimated minutes for delivery:35

4 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer focus Office of Government Commerce (OGC): –"Customer Focus" in the public sector is about refocusing services around the needs of the citizen as a customer of public services, rather than the problems of those who provide the services. It signifies an organisational culture that aims to address the needs, expectations and behaviours of the public, and then adjusts every aspect of the organisation to align with customer values. This includes the entire delivery chain from policy-making through to front-line services - including strategy, organisational design, business processes, performance measures, information systems and support processes.

5 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer focus Office of Government Commerce (OGC): –"Customer Focus" in the public sector is about refocusing services around the needs of the citizen as a customer of public services, rather than the problems of those who provide the services. It signifies an organisational culture that aims to address the needs, expectations and behaviours of the public, and then adjusts every aspect of the organisation to align with customer values. This includes the entire delivery chain from policy-making through to front-line services - including strategy, organisational design, business processes, performance measures, information systems and support processes.

6 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer focus Key points: –Who are our real customers? –What do our customers need/want? –What services must/should we deliver and how? –What resources do/could we possess or have access to?

7 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer focus Office of Government Commerce (OGC): –"Customer Focus" in the public sector is about refocusing services around the needs of the citizen as a customer of public services, rather than the problems of those who provide the services. It signifies an organisational culture that aims to address the needs, expectations and behaviours of the public, and then adjusts every aspect of the organisation to align with customer values. This includes the entire delivery chain from policy-making through to front-line services - including strategy, organisational design, business processes, performance measures, information systems and support processes.

8 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer focus Key points: –What changes can/should we make in service quality and delivery?

9 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer focus Office of Government Commerce (OGC): –"Customer Focus" in the public sector is about refocusing services around the needs of the citizen as a customer of public services, rather than the problems of those who provide the services. It signifies an organisational culture that aims to address the needs, expectations and behaviours of the public, and then adjusts every aspect of the organisation to align with customer values. This includes the entire delivery chain from policy-making through to front-line services - including strategy, organisational design, business processes, performance measures, information systems and support processes.

10 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer focus Key points: –Monitoring, review, measurement, feedback.

11 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer focus

12 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer focus

13 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer focus

14 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer focus DimensionDescription TangiblesThe physical facilities and equipment available, the appearance of staff, how easy it is to understand communication materials. ReliabilityPerforming the promised service dependably and accurately. ResponsivenessHelping customers and providing a prompt service. AssuranceInspiring confidence and trust. EmpathyProviding a caring and individual service to customers.

15 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer chains Internal customer - Total Quality Management (TQM). Supply chains – operational management. Chain of customers –Schonberger. Focus on customer versus supplier hence customer chains. Links in the chains are between organisational units and/or people. Customer chains represent activities or processes. Delivering value to the target customer.

16 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer chains

17 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer chains

18 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer chains

19 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer chains

20 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer chains

21 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer chains Customer chains in a HE context are loose. Complex web of customer-supplier relationships at the micro level. Linkage to macro level – if present – unclear. Internal customers are internal suppliers and vice-versa, so who is the customer? Formal agreements (eg SLAs or SLDs) between customers and suppliers can be difficult if not impossible to establish. Significant variation within and between activities. Doesnt fit with HE culture, although this is changing.

22 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Customer chains Customer chains focus attention on the target customer and provide a model for understanding the activities underpinning services provided to the customer. Provide a framework within which to improve value for the target customer. Relationships between suppliers and customers are the weak points. Internal customers/suppliers can loose sight of the target customers. Change can be inhibited.

23 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Partnerships

24 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Partnerships

25 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Partnerships

26 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Partnerships

27 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Partnerships People are key. –Build and develop relationships. Relationships between customer and supplier need to be collaborative, not necessarily contractual: –Open; trust; win-win; communication. Customers and suppliers should be treated as partners in the activity: –Focused on outcome; some contact with target customers; shared responsibility. Fit with the organisational culture: –Level of formality; sponsorship from senior management; style.

28 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Partnerships The outcome and its continued value for target customers provides the mandate. Can be highly effective. Costly in terms of time and effort (human resources), both to setup and maintain. Difficult – right people needed with the right skills. Complex. Volatile. Delivery is dependent upon the partnership: dependent upon people.

29 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Whose web is it? The customers: target customers. Target customers empower their immediate suppliers within the context of the customer chain. Position of web teams in the customer chain is crucial: –Within the chain = supplier-focused web services. –End of the chain = customer-focused web services. Priority is to increase value for target customers. Increasing value is achieved through the partnership within the customer chain. Who leads the partnership? Where should web teams position themselves?

30 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships Web Services at LSE Mission: Meet the information needs of customers in pursuit of the Schools objectives. Primary questions: –What are the Schools objectives? –Who are the target customers? –What are the target customers information needs? Secondary questions: –What services should we be providing and to what levels? –How are we going to monitor performance/satisfaction? Missing questions: –What customer chains are required? –Who leads the customer chain partnerships?

31 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships References Successful Delivery Toolkit (OGC) –Customer Focus ocus.html ocus.html –Joined-up Working upwork.html upwork.html Effecting Change in HE (University of Luton/ HEFCE)

32 06 June 2005Customers, Suppliers, and the Need for Partnerships References Chartered Management Institute Competitive Advantage Porter, M. (1985) The Free Press, ISBN Building a Chain of Customers Schonberger, R. (1990) Hutchinson, ISBN


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