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© Pearson Education Limited 2015HM-1 Chapter HM A Brief History of Management’s Roots
Early Management HM-2 Management has been practiced for thousands of years. Organized projects were directed by people responsible for planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. © Pearson Education Limited 2015
Classical Approaches: Scientific Management © Pearson Education Limited 2015HM-3 Frederick W. Taylor described scientific management as a method of scientifically finding the “one best way to do a job.”
Classical Approaches: General Administrative Theory © Pearson Education Limited 2015HM-4 Focused on what constituted good management. Henri Fayol identified five management functions and 14 management principles. Max Weber described the bureaucracy as an ideal rational form of organization.
Fayol’s Fourteen Principles of Management 1. Division of work 2. Authority 3. Discipline 4. Unity of command 5. Unity of direction 6.Subordination of individual interests to the general interest 7.Remuneration 8. Centralization 9. Scalar chain 10. Order 11. Equity 12. Stability of tenure personnel 13. Initiative 14. Esprit de corps © Pearson Education Limited 2015HM-5
Behavioral Approach Early management writers included: Robert Owen, who was concerned about deplorable working conditions. Hugo Munsterberg, a pioneer in the field of industrial psychology. Mary Parker Follett, who recognized that organizations could be viewed from both individual and group behavior perspectives. © Pearson Education Limited 2015HM-6
The Hawthorne Studies © Pearson Education Limited 2015HM-7 Studies conducted at the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company: Provided new insights into individual and group behavior at work. Concluded that group pressures can significantly impact individual productivity.
Behavioral Approaches 1930s - Today Human Relations Movement Organizational Behavior (OB) © Pearson Education Limited 2015HM-8
The Quantitative Approach Used quantitative techniques to improve decision making. Evolved from mathematical and statistical solutions developed for military problems during World War II. W. Edwards Deming and Joseph M. Duran’s ideas became the basis for total quality management (TQM). © Pearson Education Limited 2015HM-9
Contemporary Approaches: Systems Approach © Pearson Education Limited 2015HM-10
Contemporary Approaches: Contingency Approach © Pearson Education Limited 2015HM-11
HM-12© Pearson Education Limited 2015
Copyright ©2015 Pearson Education, Inc.HM-1 Chapter HM A Brief History of Management’s Roots.
1 Chapter Managers and Management Copyright ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 1-1.
Copyright ©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall.
Copyright ©2013 Pearson Education
Copyright ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
Management History Module
HISTORY – Adam Smith Division of Labor or Job Specialization Late 18 th Century Industrial Revolution 1900 – Development of Management Theories.
History of Management Trends
The Pre-modern Era Ancient massive construction projects
Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education
Management: Arab World Edition Robbins, Coulter, Sidani, Jamali
Principles of Management BUS 220 First semester 2014.
Evolving Management Approaches and Behavioral Management
Principles of Management Session. 2 Management Yesterday & Today
ORGANIZATION THEORY THE CLASSICAL APPROACH. Learning Objectives 1.Describe the main features of the Classical approach. 2.Discuss the differences and.
Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
Chapter 2 The Evolution of Management Thought Leanne Powers MHR301 From McGraw-Hill Irwin Contemporary Management.
Chapter 1/Part II History of Management. Ancient Management ◦ Egypt (pyramids) and China (Great Wall) ◦ Venetians (floating warship assembly lines)
Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Management: A Pacific Rim Focus 4e by Bartol, Tein, Matthews, Martin 2–1 CHAPTER 2 PIONEERING IDEAS.
© 2003 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd. PowerPoint Slides t/a Management: A Pacific Rim Focus Enhanced Edition. Slides prepared by David Meacheam & George.
MGT 201 Principles of Management Historical Background of Management.
Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education MH-1 Looking Back: The History of Management.
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POP QUIZ Adam Smith realized that production was being done in one of two ways. What were those? Frederick Taylor said there were 4 principles to the.
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BY Muhammad Suleman MS (HRM) MBA (HRM) MIT. CHAPTER # 1 BASICS OF Change Management ( THEORIES AND THOUGHTS)
Copyright ©2011 Pearson Education
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McGraw-Hill/IrwinCopyright © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter Two The Evolution of Management Thought.
Unit 1: Foundations in Management Classical Management Approaches (Text: p )
Classical Viewpoint Management Theories 2. Bureaucratic Management
Ancient Management › Egypt (pyramids) and China (Great Wall) Adam Smith › Published “The Wealth of Nations” in 1776 Advocated the division of labor.
© Prentice Hall, © Prentice Hall, ObjectivesObjectives 1.An understanding of the classical approach to management 2.An appreciation.
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