Presentation on theme: "HENRI FAYOL (1841 – 1925).… 14 General Principles…."— Presentation transcript:
HENRI FAYOL (1841 – 1925).… 14 General Principles….
Part I: Why Management Teaching Part II: Principles & Element of Management Part III: Personal Observations & Experience Part IV: Lessons of War
…FAYOL’s FOURTEEN PRINCIPLES* *(Not Process But e.l.e.m.e.n.ts of Management) 1.Division of Labour 2.Authority power to extract obedience 3. Discipline based on respect (fear xxx!) 4. Unity of Command only ONE superior 5.Unity of Direction Sound O.S., base same objective 6. Sub-ordination of individual interest to general interest general interest 7. Remuneration Daily/wage, price-rate, bonus, profit sharing
8. Centralization Matter of proportion (Role of Sub-ordinate ↑ → Decentralization ) (Role of Sub-ordinate ↑ → Decentralization ) 9. Scalar Chain Top to lowest chain (short - circuited ?!) 10. Order Everything in place! 11.Equity Kindliness & Justice for employee relations ! 12. Stability of Tenure of Personnel Personnel Planning ! 13. Initiative Zeal of energy 14. ESPRIT de Corps harmony + Unity ! Team Spirit
“Six” Groups of Activities 1.Technical 2.Commercial 3.Financial 4.Security 5.Accounting 6.Managerial
“Six” Qualities and Abilities of Manager Physical…health, vigour, address Mental…understand, learn, judgment Moral…initiative, dignity, firmness General Education…General acquaintances Special Knowledge…Peculiar to function Experience… Recollection of lessons
MANAGING MEANS LOOKING AHEAD! Plan – Organize – Command – Co-ordinate – Control !..a/a…FIVE FUNCTIONS…a/a..
COUBROUGH Interpretation …Administration V...Management ! Just 1 of these functions Smooth functioning of 6 ! More time by Mgrs (? !) Conduct towards objectives STORRS Interpretation …Manage… V …Govern… To govern is to 1 of above 6 functions To govern is to 1 of above 6 functions Conduct towards objectives More time at high level
Note: In French Govern Big e.g. Chief of Ship, State … Govern Big e.g. Chief of Ship, State … Administrator SMALL matters Administrator SMALL matters Hence, Coughbrough’s TRANSLATION is better ! TRANSLATION ERROR A = M M.B.A. ! TRANSLATION ERROR A = M M.B.A. !
PRINCIPLES f.l.e.x.i.b.l.e. ! ! ! :∞…issue of proportion… ∞: