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The Journey Mapping Guidance Allows organisations to understand how customers define and experience services from their own point of view Defines what.

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Presentation on theme: "The Journey Mapping Guidance Allows organisations to understand how customers define and experience services from their own point of view Defines what."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Journey Mapping Guidance Allows organisations to understand how customers define and experience services from their own point of view Defines what needs to be done to simplify a particular area Exposes steps which lie outside government control but which hold part of the solution to streamlining the whole journey …. And so has the potential to drive out efficiencies as well as improving customer experience Customer journey mapping is the process of tracking and describing all the experiences that customers have as they encounter a service or set of services, taking into account not only what happens to them, but also their responses to their experiences. At its best, journey mapping can be truly transformational

2 CUSTOMER JOURNEYS IN GOVERNMENT Many customer journeys dealt with by government cut across departmental boundaries. Journey mapping can be particularly valuable here. INDIVIDUAL JOURNEYS BUSINESS JOURNEYS Maternity leave Ante-natal care Registering birth Benefits Trust fund Birth or adoption Ofsted reports Applying for school Pre-school boosters Starting school Benefits Taxes Registration Name change Getting married Starting a business Registration VAT Financing Applying for grants Tax/compliance End of year returns VAT Auditing requirements Employing someone Jobcentre Plus PAYE National insurance Health & safety Registration HSE inspections Local authority regulations Legal system Applying for pension Tax on retirement income Retiring Registering death Pensions Notifying change of circumstances Bereavement Closing down Changing name, address or status Redundancy payments Tax & accounts



5 MAPPING THE SYSTEM (PROCESS MAPPING) FREE SCHOOL MEALS EXAMPLE KEY STEPS IN SYSTEM/CUSTOMER JOURNEY Tameside council FSM section NOTES ON PROCESS AND CRITICAL INCIDENTS End to end system definition Process of making a new application for FSM from becoming eligible through to receiving meals Objectives/ scope Map Free School Meals (FSM) to identify how to deliver a better customer service and achieve cost savings Customer segment All new applicants Core system goals Goal 1: Deliver an important benefit consistently and without delays Goal 2: Minimise the number of entitled people leaving the process without obtaining the benefit Goal 3: Contribute towards a required 3% efficiency improvement across the council Customer Becomes eligible/ aware of eligibility Finds out about FSM and how to apply Receives request for more information/ verification Receives confirmatio n of FSM entitlement Sends extra information/ verification Child starts receiving meals Do I want to apply? Can I/ do I want to proceed? School Receive report on entitlement Provides meals Receive and check application Add claim dates and authorisatio n Report sent to school and confirmatio n to parent Bring up childs record and add note Is all correct info provided? Leaves processLeave process Completes application form (4 routes leading to same process) No Sometimes can verify internally, sometimes have to go back to the customer Wasted materials often associated with this step Will continue to receive benefit until next review, even if eligibility changes On-line applications have earlier start date than paper ones Four different routes have very different associated costs Application rates may vary by area; in some places theres more stigma attached Critical moment No Yes Sharing what the current process looks like Identifying duplications and deviations from the norm – where do things go wrong? Identifying how and where things can be improved Comparing the view of staff with the view of customers Training – showing how things should be done

6 CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE MAPPING BORDERS AND IMMIGRATION AGENCY EXAMPLE Objectives, scope & journey type Applying for entry clearance to the UK Customer segment Short-term student from China (Sichin) Moments of truth © Oxford Strategic Marketing Key Journey Steps VISA received Finds information Application submitted Payment processed Query from UK Visas received Receive interview request Biometrics and interview Key Journey Steps Postal delivery of visa Can be sent with more info on immigration Website; needs to be easy to access 24/7 Supporting phone line Currently no contact. Opportunity to confirm receipt Payment goes through bank – no direct acknow- ledgement Query sent by . Opportunity to update on progress and timing Letter sent out. Opportunity to say more about the process Face to face contact with interviewer. Could say more about process to reassure Touchpoints Visa arrives in the post. Hugely relieved and can now look forward to and finalise her plans for coming to England Sichin has details of her course and tries to find out about visa application. Finds the website easily and is encouraged Sichin applies online and sends supporting documents by secure post. Expensive but cant risk losing them Payment has gone through but shes heard nothing yet. Its a big sum of money – hope alls OK Application and checks have shown one of the documents is missing. Sichin finds this but more expense Contacted for interview. Worried – biometrics sounds alarming. Anxious now about timing – all taking a long time Attends her interview. Nervous – building intimidates her. Hope its gone OK but hard to tell Actions, feelings, thoughts and reactions at each step Getting managers and other staff to think about how people think, feel and act at every journey step Identifying key points where we can act to transform the experience Bringing this to life to sell internally


8 THE HEART MONITOR MINISTRY OF JUSTICE EXAMPLE Objectives, scope & journey type Track the process experienced by jurors to improve levels of service Customer segment Jurors Moments of truth © Oxford Strategic Marketing Key Journey Steps Post trial Receive summons Jury selection In court pre-trial In court – during trial Deliber- ation Delivery of verdict Key journey steps Comms: Ensure follow-up letter goes out re sentencing Comms: Manage expectations Channel: 24 hour access Customer face: Explain delays Environment: Make the wait as painless as possible Process: Simplify expenses system Look at time- keeping Comms: Make jurors aware of role played by all the evidence Environment: Provide adequate facilities Comms: Brief on verdict delivery Customer face: Talk to jurors – stress the importance of what theyve done Levers for solution hunting Great Poor Customer Satisfaction Rating Receive letter – looking forward to it Easy to change date by Judge was professiona l Slow selection process Judge thanks jury – much appreciated Locke d in No preparation for delivering verdict Finishing was a relief Not sent information about sentencing Only small amount of evidence useful Trial was impersonal Late start most days Expenses a hassle Victims family start to cry – lowest point Expressing a journey in a highly visual way that can engage and motivate stakeholders Identifying the highs and lows of the experience Clearly highlighting the areas where we need to take action most urgently

9 Generating a picture of the customer journey is a valuable way to understand how customers experience public services Level of satisfaction Reporting the crime Before the trial At court After the trial Neutral Positive Negative Police investigation Reported crime immediately. Police very good – told him what to do and who was coming. Felt secure Identity parade. No coaching, no reassurance wouldnt meet attacker Barrister not very confidence inspiring Drove him home - grateful, but didnt feel like standard service Would report a crime again, because found out defendant had been held for 5 months. But court experience was a waste of time Received call from detective Gave statement in police car – felt were helping him Drove around looking for attacker – waste of time as in marked car Had to go to the detective – foreign territory. Police station disconcerting Gave formal statement. Worried whether justice would be done. Detective seemed dim. Changed the statement into his own words Phone conversations with detective – kept in touch Called up to identify criminal on computer system seemed efficient Identified attacker – felt good, this will be straightforward Few days before trial, still no information on process Called Witness Service as wanted to speak to barrister. Told to arrive early on the day. Seemed disorganised Pack from Witness Service. Personal contact became formal. No information about process ahead Case submitted to CPS. Unclear where next contact from. Had to ask detective Didnt see barrister, and detective late In locked witness room – cut off Little contact with anyone – only detective Didnt go into court at all on day 1. No information on why. Lack of information most frustrating thing Witnesses have to be flexible but judges arent (lunch 12-1). Annoying Food terrible – had to go out Told to come back next day. Not a big problem Asked to see barrister again. Did – but he wasnt informative Called - court room an alien situation. From a tiny room to a theatre. Everyone else in the know Judge asked if he would like to sit – only introduction Jury is a sea of faces Accused got off Got off because he had been identified on computer system before line-up (which made evidence invalid. Police knew this was a problem, so why didnt victim? Other reason was that a detail of appearance had changed. Frustrating, knew it was him Only communication with detective. Happy to explain situation Detective told him You should have said… Too late now Detective gave him background to accused: first offence, had been held since arrest. Felt a bit better Worried attacker could come to house September March Source: DCA Customer journey through court: Victims of crime

10 JOURNEY MAPPING IN ACTION BETTER CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE Journey mapping helps: GREATER EFFICIENCY Journey mapping helps: + Northumbria 101 partnership found that 70% of calls about anti- social behaviour were made outside traditional office hours Working across boundaries, Tell us Once will reduce customer stress by enabling a citizen to report a birth or death only once DWP mapped the journeys of carers to understand the critical points at which it was most vital to offer help and support. HMRC used journey mapping to help reduce the high customer error rates that had been a major component of cost in certain areas. The BIA used journey mapping to understand and simplify customer journeys that cut across other government areas, such as FCO. Tameside transformed the free school meals application process by mapping customer journeys in order to remove unnecessary points of contact and reduce delays Journey mapping in Hammersmith & Fulham has helped design new access systems. Capital costs were paid back in under 2 years, and annual savings of £4m pa are now expected HMRC mapped journeys and used cartoons to bring them to life See things from the customers point of view Get it right when it really matters e.g. when emotions are highest or need greatest Deliver information, messages and services at the most appropriate time Deliver a seamless, streamlined experience that cuts across silos Target limited resource for maximum impact Plan the most efficient and effective experience by reducing duplication and shortening the length of processes Identify baton-change points where service or communication breakdown is most likely Identify cheapest cost to serve,

11 How to map a customers journey? The different types of journey map can be used alone or in combination to better understand customer experiences.

12 MORE ON JOURNEY MAPPING… There are also a number of publications that can tell you more: Customer Journey Mapping - Guide for Practitioners is a practical reference document for people who will be carrying out the process of journey mapping. An expanded toolkit, also on the CIF website, gives more tools to use in journey mapping. A set of four online training modules serves as a quick introduction to journey mapping, and can be found on the CIF website. Customer Journey Mapping - Guide for Managers is relevant to those involved in leading and supporting cross- government service transformation. QUESTIONS?


14 What should customer satisfaction do for an organisation? Customer satisfaction measurement helps an organisation focus on its customers, and should galvanise service owners, customer-facing staff, policy, strategy, and research staff, as well as senior management, around the aim of improving the customer experience Improve customer focus and move the organisation to be more outward looking Understand what is driving satisfaction / dissatisfaction with services Create strategic alignment within an organisation and provide a common framework and language for staff Inform performance management to highlight good performance and areas for improvement Drive efficiency and cost saving Focusing on measurement is the wrong place to start. Its not about data collection, its about changing what people think, so the challenge is how to create a shift in thinking in the organisation, not just to get customer information. (Professor Bob Johnston, Warwick Business school)

15 Addressing rising customer expectations BUT, recognise that customer satisfaction measurement is an on-going process that helps an organisation continue to meet rising customer expectations The Kano model for understanding the drivers of customer satisfaction


17 The cycle of insight and improvement

18 Where do I start? How do I define my service? Who are my customers? What do I know already? What else can I find out? Do customers have a choice? Is it a paid for service or is it free? How and where do customers interact with my service? Do customers define the service in the same way that I do? Simple transactional or complex?

19 What do I already know? Conducting an Insight Audit: Who is responsible for customer insight or customer satisfaction measurement (if anyone)? What customer satisfaction measurement is currently undertaken? How is measurement used? What qualitative research has been carried out into the customer experience? What customer segmentations are in use? How do customer-facing staff gauge satisfaction levels? How is information from customer feedback (including complaints) used? What management information is available? Take time to understand the information already available: –Surveys –Mystery shopping –Consultation strategy –CRM strategy and customer indices –Complaints process –Statistics –Staff feedback –Corporate performance management system What else can I find out? Preliminary qualitative research –Customers –Key stakeholders –Customer facing staff

20 How do I measure satisfaction?

21 What should I ask? Who should be interviewed? How should the information be collected? How do I know I have got it right?

22 Common Measurement: Pros and Cons Disadvantages and risks Lack of customisation: The risk that the requirements of common measurement take precedence over the need for tailored insight remains, especially where resources are limited Difficulty in implementation Inability to compare services Putting the focus on scores rather than interventions Benefits and opportunities Cross-learning from other services Resource efficiency Getting started more easily

23 How can I get insight from the results?

24 Key Driver Analysis Consider your audience: what messages do you need to give to whom and how?


26 9 Key Points for Successful Customer Satisfaction Measurement Establish the objectives and how they relate to the strategic direction of the service Understand the current situation Involve stakeholders including senior management and customer-facing staff Dont reinvent the wheel: carry out an insight audit and build on what is known Know who your customers are and which groups you need to understand in greater depth Define the customer experience in their terms: consider customer journey mapping Identify key drivers of customer satisfaction and work with stakeholders to prioritise action Use customer satisfaction measurement to track progress and provide feedback to those responsible for making change happen Act: the research findings are the beginning rather than the end of service improvement

27 Thank you! Helen Begley Transformational Government Cabinet Office t: m: New address: Rm 1.14, Admiralty Arch (South),The Mall, London SW1A 2WH

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