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1 Learners with Learning Difficulties and Disabilities Regional Developments

2 1 Background April 2008: –local authorities have had the duty to arrange a learning difficulty assessment (LDA) for young people with a statement of SEN during their last year at school where they intend to enter post-16 education or training; –also have the power to conduct assessments of young people who are over compulsory school age but under 25 who have a LDD and are in or intend to enter post-16 education or training April 2010: –legislation transferred from the LSC to local authorities the duty to secure enough suitable education and training to meet the reasonable needs of 16- 19 year olds as well as for those aged 19-25 who are subject to a LDA –YPLA took responsibility for the contract management of independent specialist providers (ISPs) of placements for LLDD and management of the budget for specialist placements This arrangement is for an interim period to July 2012

3 2 Trends High level trend information for London suggests pre-16 SEN numbers have remained fairly stable but post-16 LLDD that requires higher levels of support has increased: –Since 2006 the percentage of pupils with a statement of SEN has decreased by one percentage point to 2.7% (3,440) in January 2010 –The percentage of children with newly made statements in mainstream schools (primary and secondary) has remained fairly static since 2007 –The proportion of 16-24 year olds receiving support through ALS decreased by 2.1% from 2006/07 to 2008/9; in this same period the number of young people receiving higher cost support (over £5,500) increased 6.4% –Over the period 2007/08 to 2009/10, 16-24 year old placements increased 7.8%; this compares to a -8% decrease in the mainstream 16-24 learner population and 0.6% increase in 16-24 population in London (based on population projection information)

4 3 Trends The indicative YPLA budget in London for 2010/11 is £97,219,380: –The high-cost 16-18 ALS budget in London has increased 16.9% (£2,258,444) since 2008/09 –The LLDD placements budget has risen from £27,184,593 in 2007-08 to £34,245,000 in 2010-11 - a 26.0% (£7,060,407) increase –Over the four year period 2007/08 to 2010/11 the contribution to placement costs from the LLDD placements budget has increased 20.7% (£5,509,110) –Third-party contributions increased 66% (£730,173) from 2007/08 to 2009/10 however; the proportion of ISP costs that were met by third party contributions remained at 4.4% on average across the three years –The average cost per learner increased from 2007/08 to 2009/10 by 7.4% from £61,636 to £66,219

5 4 Current Issues Substantial year-on-year increases for LLDD that in the current financial climate will be unaffordable An analysis of referrals to ISPs has shown: –inconsistent practice across London in meeting the needs of young people with LDD –a lack of consistency in assessments and referrals to ISPs that will hamper efforts to manage budgets and could leave local authorities open to legal challenge

6 5 Proposals Managing the Process: Agree a set of regional protocols in order to establish a common transition planning process across London –Section 139a Learning Difficulty Assessments - through the Learning for Living and Work (LfLW) Framework –Common criteria for referrals to ISPs –A standard data set for reporting and planning –Policy and guidance to support joint transport initiatives –A standard approach for seeking and securing contributions from social services/third parties –Agree best practice standards for review panels for specialist placements –A single London-wide training and CPD support package

7 6 Proposals Managing the Process: Explore options for the day-to-day management of the process: –A number of sub-regional units set up as a shared service to undertake the end to end process, from transition planning through to placement, or –A London Regional Unit or peripatetic team set up as a shard service to undertake the end to end process for the whole of London Exploring these options will require boroughs to disclose information on resources, including staff costs and utilisation of the SEN block grant

8 7 Proposals Managing the Budget: Two areas of work, linking to national YPLA testing, are proposed for preparing London to manage the high-cost ALS and LLDD Placements budgets: –A single budget - consolidating the existing LLDD funding streams (SEN block grant, high cost ALS and LLDD placements) into a single budget –Developing and Implementing the Resource Allocations System (RAS) - the RAS is a tool for local authorities to use to developing a Regional approach to agreeing costs for learner support under a nationally consistent framework

9 8 Proposals Developing Local Provision –Develop local provision through capital investment and realignment of the LLDD placement budget; pool arrangements between boroughs for funds that may be released for local provision through the reduction in dependency on residential placements –Develop more responsive and appropriate provision across the Region utilising the LLDD network supported by local authority representatives leading on commissioning in London –Establish a coordinated approach to the development of regional provision for LLDD –Make recommendations for Foundation Learning specialisms and how they can be linked up to provide effective progression pathways –Develop collaborative practices to extend supported employment opportunities

10 Learners with Learning Difficulties and Disabilities North London Study (Barnet, Enfield, Hackney, Haringey, Waltham Forest)

11 10 The Study Profiles young people currently in Years 8-11 across the whole range of SEN/LLDD in order to assess the likely future demand for specialist provision Analyses pathways open to learners, particularly those with Autistic Spectrum Disorder or speech and language difficulties Maps the destinations currently taken by such young people Identifies gaps in provision and obstacles preventing post-16 students being appropriately matched with provision Provides a preliminary assessment of the likely future pattern of supply Suggests measures that could be taken, including through inter- borough commissioning, that would allow supply and demand to be reconciled in the future

12 11 Year-Group Data

13 12 Year-Group Data

14 13 Some of the Issues Provision: –Cuts in public spending are likely to put further pressure on the financial viability of some providers, which in turn may make it harder for colleges to maintain existing LLDD provision –Fragmented approach to LLDD provision means that individual providers often take decisions in isolation based on short term considerations Transition Planning and Management: Difficulties centre round –Getting agencies to engage with the process early enough and to commit funding early enough; –Local authority and careers/Connexions staff could benefit from more specialist training and/or more time to support the process –Lack of information about available options (examples were given of advisers not being aware of particular provision within their own borough) –Lack of adequate provision that meets the young person's needs

15 14 Desired Outcomes Young people and their parents/carers need support to actively lead the transition process Individualised budgets will embed this approach ALL planning needs to be person centred

16 15 Recommendations Co-ordinate discussions with the principal providers of LLDD places to ensure that existing LLDD provision is maintained in the short term while the new commissioning arrangements are put in place Departments/agencies involved in transition planning to agree a clear timetable for the process that allows adequate time for the needs and preferences of the young person to be clearly understood and appropriate options identified; a common process for all the North London boroughs would simplify the process

17 16 Recommendations Co-operate to develop, promote and maintain a fully searchable online database of providers and services to support transition planning Agree a common approach to gathering LLDD data and co- ordinate data collection and analysis Develop plans for new sub-regional LLDD provision and share best practice between the boroughs and providers Develop joint initiatives such as common training for learning difficulty assessments, common criteria for exercising the power to carry out a S139 assessment or a common travel policy

18 17 Recommendations Education departments to work closely with adult social services to develop and implement personalised plans to support learners to lead more independent lives Consider the creation of social enterprise type businesses where employees can use personal budgets to fund the additional support they need to do their job Education departments, adult social services and Third Sector providers to work together to improve the volume and quality of day care centre places specifically for learners aged 19-24 Specialist Third Sector providers should be involved in the planning of LLDD provision and given the opportunity to contribute ideas to the planning process

19 18 VALUING PEOPLE NOW This is all about Improving the lives of people with learning disabilities and their families

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