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Conducting research in the digital age: ethics, copyright and the digital economy act. (cb, February 2011)

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Presentation on theme: "Conducting research in the digital age: ethics, copyright and the digital economy act. (cb, February 2011)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Conducting research in the digital age: ethics, copyright and the digital economy act. (cb, February 2011)

2 man, bytes, dog… (and whether its a criminal Act…)

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6 - - Telecoms/Publishing Convergence Medium Content production, Dissemination, Storage Medium Content production, Dissemination, Storage Disciplinary Shifts crossovers Regulatory Legal Regimes Regulatory Legal Regimes

7 - Information wants to be free because it has become so cheap to distribute, copy, and recombine - too cheap to meter. It wants to be expensive because it can be immeasurably valuable to the recipient. That tension will not go away.… (Stuart Brand, Inventing the Future at MIT)

8 - "the imposition of new restrictions on library networks runs counter to the librarys vital mission of providing freedom of access to information to its users. Not only does the legislation potentially lead to or encourage the adoption of blocking technologies that are valuable for learning and information sharing in an educational context, it also raises fundamental freedom of expression and privacy issues as public bodies inevitably monitor the activities of their users. The chilling effect of the monitoring of Internet use should not be underestimated, and the electronic recording of library users information seeking activities is not consistent with a democratic approach to access to knowledge. Library users should be free to seek information without barriers, and without fear of surveillance." (IFLA: Stuart Hamilton, senior policy advisor at the IFLA )

9 - The Digital Economy Act…impinges on the whole spectrum of digital rights issues; from privacy, to universal access for essential internet services, and censorship of content on the grounds of copyright. Shifts role [of universities] from facilitating learning to policing…

10 - - Kate Worlock, Nature Forum: the pros and cons of open access

11 - Ethics in Online Research; Evaluating the ESRC Framework for Research Ethics Categorisation of Risk, by Kate Orton-Johnson, University of Edinburgh, Sociological Research Online, 15 (4) 13 10.5153/sro.2261Kate Orton-Johnson Ess, C., & AoIR-Ethics-Working-Committee. (2002). Ethical decision-making and Internet research. Recommendations from the aoir ethics working committee. Retrieved April 17, 2008 from: http://www.aoir.org/reports/ethics.pdf. Bassett, E. H., & ORiordan, K. (2002). Ethics of Internet research: Contesting the human subjects research model. Ethics and Information Technology, 4(3), 233-247. Hall, Gary,Pirate Philosophy, Culure Machine, 2010. Kate Worlock, Nature Forum: the pros and cons of open access.( http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/34.html) http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/34.html Stuart Brand The Media Lab: Inventing the Future at MIT. 1987 Researching the public web, 2010, by Mike Thelwall, Statistical Cybermetrics Research Group, University of Wolverhampton, UK. Justine, Pila, who owns the Intellectual Property rights in academic work, * Buchanan, E. and Hvizdak, E. (2009). Online Survey Tools: Ethical and Methodological Concerns of Human Research Ethics Committees. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics (JERHRE) 4(2), 37-48 Ofcom Review: Feb 1, 2011 5:42pm GMT (Reuters) - Reporting by Kate Holton)Kate Holton By Mark Hosenball/BERLIN | Tue Feb 1, 2011 9:55am GMT (Reuters) - All across Europe, from Brussels to the Balkans, a new generation of WikiLeaks-style websites is sprouting. (http://uk.reuters.com/article/2011/02/01/uk-wikileaks-idUKLNE71002420110201)http://uk.reuters.com/article/2011/02/01/uk-wikileaks-idUKLNE71002420110201 Periodical Publishers Association: Government calls on Ofcom to review Digital Economy Act

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16 Researching the public web by MICHAEL THELWALL on 12 JULY 2010 by Mike Thelwall, Statistical Cybermetrics Research Group, University of Wolverhampton, UK. A simple but strong argument for researching published information on the public web without consent is that the object investigated is the publication and not the person. Therefore human subject standards do not apply (Bassett & ORiordan, 2002; Enyon, Schroeder, & Fry, 2009; Ess & AoIR-Ethics-Working-Committee, 2002; Hookway, 2008; White, 2002).

17 In summary, the three points above make the case that researching the public web should not be subjected to ethical scrutiny for privacy concerns. Whilst this is probably uncontroversial in science and perhaps also the humanities, it seems to be an important statement to make in some social sciences. (thelwell… )

18 Rights and Expectations… Ess, C., & AoIR-Ethics-Working-Committee. (2002). Ethical decision-making and Internet research. Recommendations from the aoir ethics working committee. Retrieved April 17, 2008 from: http://www.aoir.org/reports/ethics.pdf.

19 Ethical pluralism… In philosophical ethics, these frameworks are commonly classified in terms of deontology, consequentialism, virtue ethics, feminist ethics, and several others.5 ….. At the same time, recognizing the possibility of a range of defensible ethical responses to a given dilemma does not commit us to ethical relativism (anything goes). In the United States, for example, there may be a greater reliance on utilitarian approaches to deciding such conflicts – specifically in the form of risk/benefit European approaches tend to emphasize more deontological approaches – i.e., approaches that take basic human rights (self-determination, privacy, informed consent, etc.) as so foundational that virtually no set of possible benefits that might be gained from violating these ethically justifies that violation

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