Presentation on theme: "Federal Courts. The American Court Structure Dual court system: 1. set of state and local courts 2. Federal courts Judiciary Act of 1789 established."— Presentation transcript:
The American Court Structure Dual court system: 1. set of state and local courts 2. Federal courts Judiciary Act of 1789 established this.
Jurisdiction A court has limited territory and has types of cases they listen to.
Federal Court System Supreme Court Federal Court Of Appeals US District Court
US District Courts General trials court Federal criminal cases involve: Bank robbery Counterfeiting Mail fraud Kidnapping Civil rights abuses Constitutional issues State vs. state Treaties Maritime issues Foreign gov’t
Court of Appeals Review cases in the lower courts Check to see if there are errors. 3 judges sit in panel
Supreme Court Highest court in the land. The court may hear cases: Appealed from federal courts of appeal. Appealed directly from federal district courts. Appealed from the high court of a state, if claims under federal law or the Constitution are involved.
Supreme Court Has 9 judges that serve for life Chief Justice: John Roberts All are appointed by the president. Senate has to approve.
Supreme Court To have a case heard here, at least 4 judges must vote yes.
Current Federal Judges John Roberts, Chief Justice Antonin Scalia, Associate Justice Anthony Kennedy, Associate Justice Clarence Thomas, Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg, Associate Justice Steven Breyer, Associate Justice Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr., Associate Justice Sonia Sotomayor, Associate Justice Elena Kagan, Associate Justice Sandra Day O’Connor, Associate Justice (retired - inactive) David Souter, Associate Justice (retired - inactive) John Paul Stevens, Associate Justice (retired - inactive)
Precedent A ruling that sets guidelines for future similar cases.
Supreme Court Powers JUDICIAL REVIEW!!! Power to overturn any Act of Congress or executive action the Court deems unconstitutional The court case that establish this was called Marbury vs. Madison