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© Loughborough University, 2004 Kodak single use camera Materials –Fewer material types –Plastics labelled for recycling End of Life –Collection system for old products to feed into remanufacture Testing and reuse of components Testing and reuse of batteries, or donated Plastic cases reground and fed into manufacture
© Loughborough University, 2004 Kambrooks AXIS kettle Energy reduction during use – consumer education –Clear indicators – to stop overfilling –Double insulation layer – to minimise need for reboiling –Temperature gauge to indicate the suitability of the water for making tea or coffee– to minimise need for reboiling Although more materials were used in the final design, the energy efficiency was dramatically increased, and it is the use phase which has been identified as having the greatest environmental impact in goods of this nature
© Loughborough University, 2004 Philips Philips' Eco-Product 1998 – Typhoon, a high-end colour monitor from Philips Monitors in Chupai, Taiwan. –Less materials –42% fewer components and fewer PCBs –Reduced packaging –35% reduction in assembly time. Philips focus on 5 focal areas: 1.Weight 2.Hazardous substances 3.Recycling and disposal 4.Energy consumption 5.Packaging
© Loughborough University, 2004 Xerox Length of life –Photocopiers are leased – higher quality, more durable, Xerox maintain value End of life –Machines are designed for disassembly –Components are tested and reused –Plastic exterior covers from collected copiers are broken down, washed, then recycled. Materials –The plastic is used in the manufacture of new photocopiers.
© Loughborough University, 2004 Herman Miller Aeron Chair Very durable – 12 year warranty Uses materials sparingly Uses recycled materials Easy to maintain & repair Designed for easy disassembly Of course, ergonomics excellent & very adjustable
© Loughborough University, 2004
Sony used recycled material from Tetrapak milk cartons, called Tectan, & cardboard to case their speaker systems. They found that this actually improved the performance of the speakers Sony Speakers
© Loughborough University, 2004 Wind-up technology
© Loughborough University, 2004 Air Filled packaging Reduces waste & transportation costs Creates a responsible impression
© Loughborough University, 2004 © Ben Manwaring / Department of Design and Technology, Loughborough University The 'Sunrise' outdoor table collects solar energy via 12 solar panels housed the transparent table top, in conjunction with a charge controller and 12V battery to store solar energy for evening lighting. The central light is in the 'down' position during the daytime whilst charging takes places. It is released when required, by pushing down upon the central dome. A central column then rises up via the internal gas strut, and illuminates automatically. 18 White LED's are angled to evenly illuminate the tabletop. The system is designed to work in overcast conditions and on a full days charge will produce between 6 - 8 hours of illumination. Sunrise Solar Table
© Loughborough University, 2004 Life Cycle Assessment A process to evaluate the environmental burdens associated with a product by identifying and quantifying.
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TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF DENMARK G. Singh Bhander LCM2003 Conference Seattle, USA 22 – 25 September 1 DEPARTMENT OF MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT.
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Page 1Ethical Module David F. Miller Center for Retailing Education and Research Ethical Issues in China Retailing 5. Sustainability Issues in China Retail.
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© Loughborough University, 2004 Legislative drivers Waste Electrical & Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive Restriction of Hazard Substances (RoHS) Directive.
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