5 Which organism has 2 kingdoms? bacteriaWhat are the 2 types of bacteria?archaebacteria (ancient)&eubacteria(most common)
6 Archaebacteria & Eubacteria smallest organismhave a single celldo NOT have a nucleusmost numerous kind of organismex: cocci, bacilli, spirochetesProtistsmay have a single cell or multi-cellshas a nucleushave similar characteristics to fungi, plants, or animalsex: protozoa, algae, slime moldFungihas a nucleusabsorbs their food and breaks down other organismsgrows quickly and reproduces through spores.
8 Big Idea:All plants are multicellular. Almost all make their own food using the Sun’s energy. Plants are classified according to the ways they transport water and reproduce.
9 Plant Kingdommulti-celledhave tissue & organshave cell walls & chloroplastsmake their own foodPlant adaptation: characteristic that allows a plant to survive.cactus thick waxy skin holds waterspines protects
10 Plant Kingdom Nonvascular Vascular seed seedless (absorbs water; must live near water)ex: moss(tube transports water &gives support)seedseedlessGymnosperms(produces seeds)Angiosperms(produces flowers)Ferns(has spores)
11 How are animals classified? Lesson 3How are animals classified?
12 Animal Kingdomhave manyneedeatmost movemost reproducecellsoxygenfoodfrom place to placesexuallyAnimal KingdomInvertebrates:no backboneVertebrates:have a backbone
13 Invertebrateslargest number of animal specieshave different kind of body symmetriesSymmetry: matching forms on opposite sides of a dividing lineBilateral: (straight down the middle) ex: butterflyRadial: (repeats around a center) ex: starfish
15 Vertebratesmay be cold-blooded or hot-blooded – this relates to how an animal maintains its body temperatureCold-blooded – body temperature depends on the environment outside the bodyFishAmphibians: begins life in water, but lives partly on landexamples: frog, toadReptilesexamples: snake, alligatorWarm-blooded – inside body temperature stays the sameBirdsMammalsexamples: human, bear, lion
17 Study Guide Animals that have a backbone are called ________________ . ______________ are animal-like protists.The tool used to identify organisms based on contrasting pairs of characteristics is __________________.______________ are vertebrates with smooth, moist skin that begins life in the water, but live part of the time on land.The highest level of biological classification is _____________.Animals that do not have a backbone are called __________________.vertebratesProtozoadichotomous keyAmphibianskingdominvertebrates
18 Gymnosperms produce reproductive structures called __________. Single-celled organisms whose cells do not contain nuclei are called __________________.Fungi obtain food by ____________________.Define vascular: _____________________________________Define nonvascular: __________________________________Name 3 protists groups:conesbacteriaabsorbing nutrients from the environment.has a water transport systemdoes not have a water transport system; absorbs nutrientsProtozoa (animal-like)Algae (plant-like)Slime mold (fungus-like)
19 13. Six Kingdoms of Classification eubacteriaarchaebacteriaprotistsfungiplantsanimals
20 14. How are plants and fungi different? Plants make their own food. Fungi absorbs nutrients from the environment.15. Compare & contrast angiosperms and gymnosperms?Angiosperm produces fruits & flowers.Gymnosperm produces cones/seeds.Both are vascular plants & have seeds.