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Department of Computer Science, University of Waikato, New Zealand Eibe Frank WEKA: A Machine Learning Toolkit The Explorer Classification and Regression.

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Presentation on theme: "Department of Computer Science, University of Waikato, New Zealand Eibe Frank WEKA: A Machine Learning Toolkit The Explorer Classification and Regression."— Presentation transcript:

1 Department of Computer Science, University of Waikato, New Zealand Eibe Frank WEKA: A Machine Learning Toolkit The Explorer Classification and Regression Clustering Association Rules Attribute Selection Data Visualization The Experimenter The Knowledge Flow GUI Conclusions Machine Learning with WEKA based on notes by

2 4/20/2014University of Waikato2 WEKA: the bird Copyright: Martin Kramer

3 4/20/2014University of Waikato3 WEKA: the software Machine learning/data mining software written in Java (distributed under the GNU Public License) Used for research, education, and applications Complements Data Mining by Witten & Frank Main features: Comprehensive set of data pre-processing tools, learning algorithms and evaluation methods Graphical user interfaces (incl. data visualization) Environment for comparing learning algorithms

4 4/20/2014University of Waikato4 WEKA: versions There are several versions of WEKA: WEKA 3.0: book version compatible with description in data mining book 1 st edition WEKA 3.2: GUI version adds graphical user interfaces (earlier version is command-line only) WEKA on SoC linux and ISS windows This talk is based on snapshots of WEKA 3.3 … with some extra up-to-date snapshots Only changes are layout and some extras

5 4/20/2014University of age sex { female, chest_pain_type { typ_angina, asympt, non_anginal, cholesterol exercise_induced_angina { no, class { present, 63,male,typ_angina,233,no,not_present 67,male,asympt,286,yes,present 67,male,asympt,229,yes,present 38,female,non_anginal,?,no,not_present... WEKA only deals with flat files

6 4/20/2014University of age sex { female, chest_pain_type { typ_angina, asympt, non_anginal, cholesterol exercise_induced_angina { no, class { present, 63,male,typ_angina,233,no,not_present 67,male,asympt,286,yes,present 67,male,asympt,229,yes,present 38,female,non_anginal,?,no,not_present... WEKA only deals with flat files

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10 4/20/2014University of Waikato10 Explorer: pre-processing the data Data can be imported from a file in various formats: ARFF, CSV, C4.5, binary Data can also be read from a URL or from an SQL database (using JDBC) Pre-processing tools in WEKA are called filters BUT it may be easier to reformat to ARFF yourself (write a program in python / java … or just use WordPad to type in the text – but make sure format is right!), this helps with data understanding

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18 4/20/2014University of Waikato18 Explorer: building classifiers Classifiers in WEKA are models for predicting nominal or numeric quantities Implemented learning schemes include: Decision trees and lists, instance-based classifiers, support vector machines, multi-layer perceptrons, logistic regression, Bayes nets, … You explore by trying different classifiers, see which works best for you…

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48 WEKA from ISS PC 2009

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53 @relation center centre centerpercent color colour colorpercent english 1,32,3, 0,20,0, UK 0,25,0, 0,12,0, UK 9,27,25, 0,84,0, UK 0,19,0, 0,24,0, UK 0,16,0, 0,14,0, UK 0,16,0, 0,12,0, UK 0,21,0, 0,38,0, UK 0,25,0, 0,34,0, UK 2,26,7, 2,3,40, UK 2,32,5, 1,59,2, UK 31,0,100, 55,0,100, US 61,0,100, 26,0,100, US 24,0,100, 11,0,100, US 12,1,92, 21,4,84, US 8,0,100, 4,2,67, US 10,0,100, 8,0,100, US 19,0,100, 22,0,100, US 14,0,100, 7,0,100, US 14,0,100, 6,0,100, US 8,5,62, 24,0,100, US

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65 @relation center centre centerpercent color colour colorpercent english 10,5,33, 0,20,0, UK

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70 4/20/2014University of Waikato70 WEKA has more… Clustering data into groups Finding associations between attributes Visualisation - online analytical processing Experimenter to run and compare different MLs Knowledge Flow GUI 3 rd -party add-ons: sourceforge.net


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