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24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh1 Overview of Solaris issues at CERN By Ignacio Reguero. Presented by Manuel Guijarro CERN IT-PS-UI.

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Presentation on theme: "24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh1 Overview of Solaris issues at CERN By Ignacio Reguero. Presented by Manuel Guijarro CERN IT-PS-UI."— Presentation transcript:

1 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh1 Overview of Solaris issues at CERN By Ignacio Reguero. Presented by Manuel Guijarro CERN IT-PS-UI

2 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh2 Agenda Solaris 9 Certification –Compilers –Open Software Quattor (EDG WP4) deployment Sun Blade Server tests –N1 Management LEMON Monitoring on Solaris Long term plans for Solaris Support

3 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh3 Solaris 9 Certification (1) Certification: Formal test of all software used at CERN on the new system –In cooperation with software owners –Using Refsol9 reference machine Not much visible OS change –We have the OS running since about one year However replacement of ASIS and SUE legacy environment with Quattor –Completely replacing system management framework –Large undertaking The certification was foreseen for beginning 2004 –Delay due to underestimation of the amount of work required to implement Solaris specific packages and components It will be launched on 1 st June

4 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh4 Solaris 9 Certification (2): Compilers Proposed to forum-solaris-certification list GCC –default –As gcc-alt –There is some question on whether we would like to have as default rather than Sun Compilers –Default Sun ONE Studio 8 (Sun C++ 5.5) –Other alternative Sun compilers available in AFS Sun ONE Studio 7 (Sun C++ 5.4) Sun WorkShop 6 update 2 (Sun C++ 5.3) Sun WorkShop 6 update 1 (Sun C++ 5.2) (default in Solaris 8)

5 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh5 Solaris 9 Certification (3): Open Software As more Open Source software distributed and supported by Sun: Perl, Bash,… Proposing change of Open Software policy –If possible, use software from Sun Setting compatibility links in /usr/local –Only if special requirements exist make software ourselves. For instance DBI and other Perl modules Version requirements, such as GCC Mozilla 1.6 browser (instead of Netscape recomm. by Sun) –We will take into account compatibility with Linux when possible Though this is a moving target

6 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh6 Quattor deployment on Solaris (1) Quattor is the Fabric Management toolkit –Already manages over 2000 nodes of a Linux farm in the CERN Computing Centre Sun funded a visitor at CERN to implement Quattor on Solaris –Using Solaris packages rather than RPMs –This work has been presented to Sun, HPC Consortium, SC2003 We plan to use Quattor to manage all Solaris systems from Solaris 9 onwards –Including desktop systems Behaviour with unmanaged software

7 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh7 Quattor deployment on Solaris (2): Summary for System administrators –Central Configuration DataBase (CDB) Stores all configuration information as well as Software packages to be installed –Both applications and system A cache manager provided for the client accessing the DB –Allows disconnected operation –To avoid dependency on the DB server or on the network The configuration database is linked to the network installation server –The Jumpstart profile is to be generated from the database

8 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh8 Quattor deployment on Solaris (3): Summary for System administrators –Node Configuration Manager (NCM) For configuration components They have single action: configure and unconfigure They access Configuration DB through the cache manager –SPMA software distributor (package level) Replaces ASIS software distribution (file level) For Linux it uses RPMs, for Solaris implemented with Solaris PKG Allows to install packages from various SW repositories Several protocols supported: HTTP, file system (AFS), FTP, etc.

9 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh9 Quattor (EDG WP4) deployment on Solaris (4): Summary for System administrators CDB Host REPOSITORY Host xm l pa n PKG NCM target.cf SPMA

10 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh10 Quattor deployment on Solaris (5): Ongoing work Implementation of Solaris NCM Components from existing SUE features –First priority for server configurations in the computing centre Mostly done Except LSF –Validating the whole lot Graphical User interface –For delegation –In machines outside of the computing centre –We had a proof of concept prototype –Now working on a more general interface In close cooperation with Quattor project as it touches CDB Access Control

11 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh11 Sun Blade Server tests (1) Sun Blade server 1600 –Packaged farm –Fits in 3 units of a 19 rack –SSC Controller with gigabit switch that manages up to 16 CPUs Several Gigabit Ethernet external connections VLAN with 16 Gigabit Ethernet Interface Protection attack by Packet Filter configuration Console through Serial Port for each Blade 12 X 650MHz UltraSPARC-IIe 4 Intel Compatible CPUs –AMD Athlon XP-M 1.2GHz Other Specialized Blades supported on hardware level –SSL Encryptor –Load Balancer

12 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh12 Sun Blade Server 1600

13 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh13 Sun Blade Server 1600 system chassis SSC0 (active) SSC1 (standby) Switch Fabric External Switch x.x (ce0) x.x (ce1) x.x (ce0) x.x (ce1) Slot 0……s15 Blades 0…….15

14 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh14 Sun Blade Server tests (2) Implemented fully automated network installation (DHCP) using Jumpstart from SUNINST0 Nodes have been used for development of Quattor on Solaris 9 But main interest is to test N1 management

15 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh15 N1 Management (1) Sun N1 Provisioning server 3.0 Blade Edition –Automates configuration and deployment of different kinds of blades using system images Assignment may vary according to a schedule or other input – dynamic management of clusters –Images can also be used to deliver applications and data Our interest to compare N1 with EDG WP4 Quattor functionality Question: could N1 manage heterogeneous farms outside the Blade server scope?

16 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh16 N1 Management (2) Also case study proposed by SAS(DB) group Test case proposed: To use BS1600 machines for Oracle Application Server –To use the new version of OAS that will facilitate dynamic allocation of nodes

17 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh17 N1 Management (3) Long list of technical problems found –Had to install Upgrade 1 of the Sun N1 Provisioning server 3.0 Blade Edition to avoid bugs of the initial section –Requires at least one dedicated server not foreseen Control Plane Server + Image Server External to the blade server –We have to go back to Solaris 8 –Local Oracle 8 installation required When public Oracle DB service exists Running Oracle 9 –Precise model of Gigabit Ethernet card required For VLAN support Gigabit interface of V210 and V240 not supported Had to acquire Syskonnect Gigabit card –Precise network Switch models required Fortunately not required for single SB1600 configuration

18 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh18 N1 Management (4) More technical problems –The N1 installation hang after updated the Database parameters… Resource layers subnets and VLANs, Control Center Application server, Blade system chassis Normally, this install should take around 1 hour and half Sun later told us that N1 installation has to be done by Sun Professional Services –You are supposed to pay –A large part of the documentation seems to be internal to Sun only

19 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh19 N1 Management (5) Conclusion for Sun N1 Provisioning server 3.0 Blade Edition –The product is complex and not well finished –You are only supposed to use it through the Sun Professional Services organisation –System images for system management are only interesting if you have a large number of identical nodes (we do not) The Jumpstart model fits better our needs as HW/SW differences are solved by the Sun Installer –Confirmed that no support for nodes outside of Blade Server is foreseen Agreed with our DB colleagues that we are not interested in this product

20 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh20 N1 Management (6) On the other hand attended demo of Sun N1 Service Provisioning System 4.1 Totally different product –Looks good technically –Has higher level with a scope similar to Quattor –Nice GUI –Supports several types of package objects including user defined –Supports RH Linux and Windows as well as Solaris DB and us agreed on the interest of having a look, at least to compare to Quattor But Sociological Problems –Sun tries to sell it with per node fees with a Professional Services model –Sun has not been able/willing to give us access to the product for over two months

21 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh21 N1 Management (7) Currently Studying the implementation of the Oracle Application Server with Quattor packages and components –If we get the Sun product we will compare it with Quattor –Otherwise we will go ahead with Quattor

22 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh22 LEMON Monitoring on Solaris (1) Migrating from UIMON to Lemon MSA –Work done by Piotr Kolet (Fellow in IT/PS/UI) To align with IT/FIO developments –Use the Computing Centre Infrastructure –Achieve Linux and Solaris data integration Have to implement missing parts –Recovery Action –Solaris Specific metrics Targeting production by this summer

23 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh23 LEMON Monitoring on Solaris (2) Porting MSA to Solaris – already done Porting internal sensor – several bugs fixed Porting Linux metrics to Solaris – routines with strong OS dependencies –Several metrics have to be still rewritten or fixed Already sending data to central Oracle repository (metrics numbers and names have to be the same for all platforms) Results can be viewed on Lemon Status Page (http://lemon-status.web.cern.ch)http://lemon-status.web.cern.ch

24 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh24 LEMON Monitoring on Solaris (3) Recovery actions framework (to be done) –Part of CmDaemon framework Subset of UIMON features need to be implemented –Notification granularity –Active and monitoring time customizing –Smart Recovery Action launch (specific number of times, execution timeout, avoiding concurrently running) Recovery decision made based on CMDaemon correlation unit

25 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh25 Long term plans for Solaris Support (1) Up to now second platform for LHC physics –For validation purposes only –SUNDEV facility for physics development Total population of 663 Active nodes –Data from network database

26 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh26 Long term plans for Solaris Support (2) Current Main Users –Accelerator Sector (including LHC construction) (60+ nodes) –AS (AIS) + Oracle DB servers in general (70+ nodes) –CMS (150+ nodes) –AFS (60+ nodes) –CAE + PH/MIC (Electronics development) (130+nodes) –Network monitoring (Spectrum SW (Nick Trikoupis)) (4 nodes) –Remedy (2 nodes) –EST Survey Group (8 nodes) –(Old) Mail Servers + Listbox (4 nodes) –SUNDEV (Physics) (10 nodes) –SUNPARC (Engineering)(8 nodes) –LICMAN (License Servers) (8 nodes)

27 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh27 Long term plans for Solaris Support (3) Critical services, including most DB servers and electronics design being run on Solaris However, most physics done on Linux PCs –And it seems that interest of the physics community in Solaris is diminishing Problems with C++ support No interesting Sun desktops Uncertain future of the company –The fashionable platform is Apple MAC Nice Laptops In the IT POW action item on SUNDEV Reduction –Ongoing discussion with Les Robertson (LCG)

28 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh28 Long term plans for Solaris Support (4) A likely scenario coming out of the discussion would be A downsizing of SUNDEV –Using a reduced number of nodes or smaller nodes –Recycling the current nodes for DB serving A downsizing of Solaris Support –By defining a Service Level Agreement with a more precise scope –For instance Only support installation server and Quattor automated management Regular calls to be handled exclusively by the desktop contract and/or directly by Sun –In order to free one FTE

29 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh29 SUNDEV

30 24-28 May 2004HEPiX Spring Meeting Edinburgh30 Questions? Unix Infrastructure section:


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