Presentation on theme: "Source and Notes Cards. Source Cards Indicate where you found the information Include all information necessary for citations and works cited page 1 Stolley,"— Presentation transcript:
Source Cards Indicate where you found the information Include all information necessary for citations and works cited page 1 Stolley, Karl. "MLA Formatting and Style Guide." The OWL at Purdue. 10 May 2006. Purdue University Writing Lab. 12 May 2006.
Source Cards Web Site Author (if available). Name of Site. Date of Posting/Revision. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sometimes found in copyright statements). Date you accessed the site [electronic address]. The Owl at Purdue. 10 May 2006. Purdue University Writing Lab. 12 May 2006.
Source Cards Page on a Web Site "How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow.com. 10 May 2006. Stolley, Karl. "MLA Formatting and Style Guide." The OWL at Purdue. 10 May 2006. Purdue University Writing Lab. 12 May 2006 <http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/reso
Note Cards Use a 3X5 or 4X6 index card. Short title indicating what the information is. Pick only your main points for short titles. Include only a small amount of information on each note card. Indicate the page number(s) on each card: use a – to indicate to and, to indicate and. For example: 71-72 8,51 Avoid copying sentences directly from sources: leads to plagiarism Do not continue information beyond one card Do not write on the backs of cards
Note Cards Schooling 2 Attended University of Akron Graduated 1983 Degree in Writing and Psychology page numbers pg. 2-3 Short titleSource #
3 Types of Note Taking Direct Quotations: copy the wording from the book, article, web page word for word. All material must be exact and in quotation marks. Use for acts and scenes from the play. Must include a citation in draft and final.
Direct Quotation Lung cancer is an increasingly fatal disease among many Americans. This disease not only attacks smokers, but it is also a target for countless non- smokers alike, “The burden has grown steadily in recent decades, thanks to the rising incidence among women, and survival rates have scarcely budged. Nearly 60 percent of patients still die within a year of diagnosis” (Cowley 43-44).
3 Types of Note Taking A Paraphrase is... –Your own rendition of essential information and ideas expressed by someone else, presented in a new form. –One legitimate way (when accompanied by accurate documentation) to borrow from a source. –A more detailed restatement than a summary, which focuses concisely on a single main idea.
5 Steps to Effective Paraphrasing Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning. Set the original aside, and write your paraphrase.
Check your rendition with the original to make sure that your version accurately expresses all the essential information in a new form. Use quotation marks to identify any unique term or phraseology you have borrowed exactly from the source. Cite the source so that you can credit it. Paraphrasing
There are many researchers and scientists focusing on the causes as well as treatment of lung cancer. Health officials, Geneticists, Biologists and Radiologists are also contributing to prolonging the life of those who are at risk; however, this does not constitute a cure for those who suffer from this debilitating cancer (Cowley 43-44).
3 types of Note Taking Summarizing: You are taking general information and putting it into a shorter format in your own words.
Summarizing There are many causes of lung cancer, the most significant being a smoker. However, the disease also affects many non-smokers.
Examples to AVOID… The Original Source: " In research writing, sources are cited for two reasons: to alert readers to the sources of your information and to give credit to the writers from whom you have borrowed words and ideas” (Hacker 13). MLA Bibliography! Hacker, Diana. A Writer's Reference. St. Martin's Press, New York: 1995.
Plagiarism (same words, no quotation marks): In research writing, sources are cited to alert readers to the sources of your information and to give credit to the writers from whom you have borrowed words and ideas (Hacker 13). The student has used the author's exact words, leaving out only a phrase, without quotation marks or a citation.
Also Plagiarism (incorrect paraphrase): In research writing, we cite sources for a couple reasons: to notify readers of our information sources and give credit to those from whom we have borrowed. (Hacker 13). The student has made only slight changes, substituting words such as "a couple" for "two", "notify" for "alert", and "our"/"we" for "your"/"you," leaving out a few words, and giving an incomplete citation.
A Solution (appropriate paraphrase): A researcher cites her sources to ensure her audience knows where she got her information, and to recognize and credit the original work (Hacker 13). This student has paraphrased in her own words, while accurately reflecting and citing the author's ideas.
A Different Solution (quotation with cite): In her book A Writer's Reference, Diana Hacker notes, "In research writing, sources are cited for two reasons: to alert readers to the sources of your information and to give credit to the writers from whom you have borrowed words and ideas" (260). By introducing his source, the student signals that the following material is from that source. All verbatim words are in quotation marks, and the source of the quote is cited with a page number.