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Rainfall estimation for food security in Africa, using the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) satellite. Robin Chadwick.

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Presentation on theme: "Rainfall estimation for food security in Africa, using the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) satellite. Robin Chadwick."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rainfall estimation for food security in Africa, using the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) satellite. Robin Chadwick

2 Contents of presentation Motivation for satellite rainfall estimation in Africa TAMSAT satellite rainfall estimation methodology Met office NIMROD nowcasting precipitation estimation product. Extension of Met office rainfall estimates to Africa AMMA Sahelian rain-gauge dataset Comparison of Met office rainfall estimates against TAMSAT estimates and AMMA gauge data Current and future work

3 Motivation for satellite rainfall estimation in Africa Accurate near-real time estimates of rainfall are vital for humanitarian applications such as famine prediction and prevention, and flood prediction. Very few precipitation radar networks. Rain-gauges sparce and badly maintained. Satellite based rainfall estimation algorithms offer one solution to this problem. Several algorithms exist, using IR data (from geostationary satellites), passive microwave data (from polar orbiting satellites) or a combination.

4 MSG wavelength channels Visible IR window channelsWater vapour Near IR IR

5 The TAMSAT rainfall estimation method Utilises one infrared channel (10.8 microns) from the MSG Simple method based on the concept of Cold Cloud Duration Produces operational dekadal rainfall estimates for Africa Intercomparisons of various satellite rainfall products over Africa have found that the TAMSAT method is as accurate as more complex algorithms. Should be possible to improve on this because of the information on rainfall provided by other channels on the MSG.

6 TAMSAT methodology CCD is the Cold Cloud Duration; the length of time each pixel is below the threshold temperature Rainfall, R = a + b(CCD) Threshold temperature and coefficients a, b calibrated for each region using historical rain-gauge data

7 TAMSAT rainfall estimate for 2007 October 1 st dekad

8 Met office NIMROD nowcasting precipitation estimation product Rain-rate estimates over Europe produced operationally every 15 minutes Radar Satellite Analysis += Francis et al 06

9 Calibration of NIMROD using only 2 MSG channels Radar rain-rate Meteosat IR channel Meteosat Vis channel Nimrod satellite rain-rate Bright Dark Cold Warm

10 Extension of NIMROD to multiple channels SZAPrimary correlation method 0 o -75 o 4-d (0.8/1.6/3.9 refl/10.8) 75 o -80 o 4-d (0.8/1.6/3.9 refl/10.8) => 3-d (0.8/1.6/10.8) 80 o -85 o 3-d (0.8/1.6/10.8) 85 o -88 o 3-d (0.8/1.6/10.8) => 3-d (3.9BT/10.8/12.0) >88 o 3-d (3.9BT/10.8/12.0)

11 10 th /11 th October 2006

12 Extension of Met office algorithm to Africa

13 Current domain of Met office algorithm extension

14 The AMMA Sahelian rain-gauge dataset O.5 degree resolution gridded rain-gauge dataset for May – September 2004 covering the Sahel. Met office estimates processed for this period & region using historical MSG data Estimates still use (historical) European radar data for calibration Comparison of Met office estimates against AMMA gauge data, for grid cells containing gauges only. Comparison of TAMSAT estimates against AMMA gauge data Comparison of Met office estimates against TAMSAT estimates

15 Validation domain

16 Comparison of Satellite rainfall estimates and gauge data over the Sahel for the July dekad Met office – Raingauge anomaly TAMSAT – Raingauge anomaly Met office – TAMSAT anomaly

17 Met office and TAMSAT vs gauge dekadal estimates for May to September 2004 Met office vs Raingauge TAMSAT vs Raingauge

18 Met office vs TAMSAT dekadal rainfall totals for all dekads May to September 2004

19 Statistical summary BiasRMSE Met office TAMSAT

20 Current and Possible Future work Use of historical local radar data (AMMA or TRMM) to calibrate the Met office algorithm Use of historical gauge data to constrain or calibrate an MSG based algorithm Neural network based algorithm


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