2 Direct speech Reported speech Present tensesDirect speechReported speechPresent SimpleHe said, “I get up at 8 o'clock”Past SimpleHe said that he got up at 8 o'clock.2. Present ProgressiveShe said, “I am reading a book”2. Past ProgressiveShe said that he was reading a book3. Present perfectShe said, “I have spoken to the teacher”3. Past PerfectShe said that she had spoken to the teacher4. Present Perfect ProgressiveHe said, “I have been waiting for you since 10”4. Past Perfect ProgressiveHe said that he had been waiting for me since 10
3 Past Tenses Direct speech Reported speech Past Simple Ann said, “I saw it yesterday”Past PerfectAnn said that she had seen it the day before.2. Past ProgressiveHe said, “I was watching my favourite programme”2. Past Perfect ProgressiveHe said that he had been watching his favourite programme3. Past PerfectHe said, “I had watched TV by 4 p.m.”He said that he had watched TV by 4 p.m.
4 Future Tenses Direct speech Reported speech Future Simple “I will watch this show tomorrow” said Ann.Future-in-the PastAnn said that she would watch that programme the next day
5 The previous week/ year ThisTheseHereNowTodayYesterdayLast nightLast week/yearAgoTomorrowThis yearThis weekNext weekNext yearThatThosethereThanThat dayThe day beforeThe previous nightThe previous week/ yearBeforeThe next dayThat yearThat weekThe following weekThe next year
6 Mary said, “I am so tired.” Mary said that she was so tired2. She said, “I will help you later”She said that she would help me later.3. “I saw him last week” said heHe said that he had seen him the week before.4. “You have to visit this concert” Mike addedMike added that we had to visit those concert.
7 5. “I'll sleep well tonight” said Arnie Arnie said that he would sleep well that night.6. “Alan has been waiting for Mary since 10” Sally saidSally said that Alan had been waiting for Mary since 107. Tim said “I am reading a magazine”Tim said that he was reading a magazine