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TRANSFORMATIVE SOCIAL PROTECTION and RIGHTS FOR CHILDEN IDS Sussex TRANSFORMATIVE SOCIAL PROTECTION and RIGHTS FOR CHILDEN Rachel Sabates–Wheeler IDS Sussex.

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Presentation on theme: "TRANSFORMATIVE SOCIAL PROTECTION and RIGHTS FOR CHILDEN IDS Sussex TRANSFORMATIVE SOCIAL PROTECTION and RIGHTS FOR CHILDEN Rachel Sabates–Wheeler IDS Sussex."— Presentation transcript:

1 TRANSFORMATIVE SOCIAL PROTECTION and RIGHTS FOR CHILDEN IDS Sussex TRANSFORMATIVE SOCIAL PROTECTION and RIGHTS FOR CHILDEN Rachel Sabates–Wheeler IDS Sussex

2 Critique of Mainstream Approach rooted in a safety nets approach – it focuses on economic shocks rather than social vulnerability. reflects a limited conceptualisation of vulnerability; concerns itself mainly with public (state, donor or NGO) and market–based social protection strategies; In practice, SRM encourages only a limited role for government in social protection provision; analysis and policies do not recognise power and rights

3 A new definition of social protection Social protection describes all initiatives, both public and private, that: 1) provide income or consumption transfers to the poor; 2) protect the vulnerable against livelihood risks; and 3) enhance the social status and rights of the excluded and marginalised.

4 Multiple functions of social protection Protection ~ social assistance (food aid); social services (orphanages) Prevention ~ social insurance (pensions, unemployment benefits) Promotion ~ livelihood enhancing transfers (microfinance) Transformation ~ social empowerment (anti-stigma campaigns)

5 Protective Social assistance and coping strategies Preventive Insurance and diversification mechanisms Promotive Economic opportunities Transformative Transformative action Springboards Safety nets A Conceptual Framework for Social Protection

6 Overlapping functions of social protection interventions School feeding School feeding is … protective (transfers food to hungry children), and promotive (encourages investment in education); Transformative (targeted to poor and vulnerable) Anti-discrimination campaigns Anti-discrimination campaigns are both … transformative (addresses social risk, social exclusion, discrimination and violation of rights), and promotive (has economic/growth spin-offs)

7 Who needs social protection? Economically at risk ( coffee farmers, IDPs) Chronically poor ( PWD, PLWA, elderly) Socially vulnerable ( PWD, PLWA, street kids, minority tribes & castes). What protection do they need? Social assistance (food aid, social pension) Social insurance (unemployment benefit) Social services (orphanages) Transformative action (regulation, sensitisation)

8 Social protection instruments for social transformation Legislation on economic, social and cultural rights; Anti–corruption measures; Sensitisation / anti–discrimination campaigns (HIV/AIDS Anti–stigma campaign in Uganda); Minimum wage legislation; Workers rights (e.g. maternity leave); Psycho–social counselling (for trauma); Conflict resolution.

9 Conclusion: Why do we need transformative social protection? Transformative social protection is affordable: not just cash transfers to vulnerable groups (22 million Ugandans, 150,000 tax-payers); Transformative social protection is sustainable: addresses underlying causes, not just triggers; Transformative social protection tackles social exclusion as well as economic vulnerability; Safety nets can create dependency: but social protection promotes empowerment and rights.

10 Transformative Social Protection IDS Working Paper 232


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