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Language Teaching Methods. What is a method? Approach: language description, learning theory Design: objectives, syllabus, activities, roles of teachers/learners/materials.

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Presentation on theme: "Language Teaching Methods. What is a method? Approach: language description, learning theory Design: objectives, syllabus, activities, roles of teachers/learners/materials."— Presentation transcript:

1 Language Teaching Methods

2 What is a method? Approach: language description, learning theory Design: objectives, syllabus, activities, roles of teachers/learners/materials Procedure: classroom application (Richards and Rodgers, 2001: Ch. 2) -> underlying theory + practical techniques -> actual practice tends to be eclectic

3 The Audiolingual Method Approach –structuralism + behaviourism Design –dialogues & drills (pattern practice) Procedure –main focus = accurate oral performance Never translate Hear, speak, read, write Immediate error correction

4 The Communicative Approach - 1 Approach –communicative competence + cognitive/affective views Design –strong (using to learn) vs. weak (learning to use) versions (see R & R: 155) –part-skill vs. whole-task (Littlewood, 1992) –problem-solving, information gap activities, games, role plays, simulations, project- work

5 The communicative approach - 2 Procedure (weak version) –pre-communicative -> communicative activities (Littlewood, 1981; cf. Littlewood 2004) –learner-centred (Nunan, 1999)

6 Other methods 1.The Silent Way 2.Suggestopedia 3.Counselling/Community Language Learning 4.Total Physical Response 5.The Natural Approach

7 Conclusion The post-method condition (Kumaravadivelu) –…in order to help our learners learn, it is not the latest method that we need, but rather a fuller understanding of the language classroom and what goes on there. Allwright & Bailey (1991: xviii) Assignment topic no. 2

8 SEMINAR 1.What reasons are there for studying language teaching methods? 2.What main advantages and disadvantages do you see each of the following as having: 1.The Audiolingual Method 2.The Communicative Approach (weak or strong)

9 RECOMMENDED READING


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