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Language Descriptions and Language Teaching. Classical grammar 1.Based on grammar of Latin/ancient Greek 2.Inflections of parts of speech signal grammatical.

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Presentation on theme: "Language Descriptions and Language Teaching. Classical grammar 1.Based on grammar of Latin/ancient Greek 2.Inflections of parts of speech signal grammatical."— Presentation transcript:

1 Language Descriptions and Language Teaching

2 Classical grammar 1.Based on grammar of Latin/ancient Greek 2.Inflections of parts of speech signal grammatical relations, e.g: puer amat puellamThe boy loves the girl puellam amat puerThe boy loves the girl puella amat puerumThe girl loves the boy amo puellamI love the girl

3 Classical grammar (contd.) Cases Nominativepuellapuer Vocativepuellapuere Accustaivepuellampuerum Genetivepuellaepueri Dativepuellaepuero Ablativepuellapuero

4 Structural linguistics 1. Syntagmatic Paradigmatic Iam He is going Shedoing Ittalking We are eating You They 2.The whole is the sum of the parts: –Morpheme/phoneme

5 Transformational-Generative Grammar John is easy to please John is eager to please Acme has taken over the National Bank The national Bank has been taken over by Acme 1.Language must be understood in terms of mental processes. 2.Competence/performance Deep level/surface structure

6 Communicative Competence A: Can I go out to play? B: Its raining. A: Have you cut the grass yet? B: Its raining. A: I think Ill go out for a walk. B: Its raining. 1.Language must be seen in terms of its social use for communication. 2.Communication is achieved by more than just linguistic knowledge 3.Form/meaning

7 Meaning Colorless green ideas sleep furiously. 1. propositional 2. notional 3. illocutionary force (function) –sociolinguistic –discoursal A: Its raining. B: I think Ill go out for a walk

8 Conclusion need to see succeeding developments as complementary, not contradictory: –e.g., function = structure + context LT not just linguistics applied recommended readings

9 SEMINAR 1.What are the main advantages and disadvantages of each of the language descriptions from a LT point of view? 2.In what ways do the interests of linguistic research and language teaching differ?


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