Presentation on theme: "The importance of ontological security in relation to the construction of disability Floris Tomasini (Dr) School of Public Health and Clinical Sciences."— Presentation transcript:
The importance of ontological security in relation to the construction of disability Floris Tomasini (Dr) School of Public Health and Clinical Sciences University of Central Lancashire
Trusting others, trusting ourselves Trust is often theorised in relation to external events e.g. people are deemed trustworthy if they are reliable, societies are deemed trustworthy if they uphold human rights etcetera. Trust also points to our inner lives: how secure we feel in ourselves, the life decisions we make, the values we hold etcetera.
Vulnerable embodiment and ontological in/security A basically ontological secure person will encounter all the hazards of life, social, biological, spiritual, from a centrally firm sense of his own and other peoples reality and identity (R.D Laing, 1961) Play between ontological security and insecurity is one way of thinking about vulnerability. Too ontologically insecure and we face mental health issues. Too ontologically secure and we are resistant to change/insensitive to difference.
Ontological security/vulnerability: why they are important concepts. Ontological in/security is a way of theorising vulnerability and is a way of thinking through the advantages of both models of disability (social AND medical) Ontological in/security is fundamental concept from which other related concepts in DS gain their sense. Psycho-emotional disablism/ internalised oppression for example Ontological in/security ambivalence allows for narratives of liberation as well as well as oppression
Thinking through vulnerability and ontological in/security in amputees There are levels on ontological in/security in which vulnerability is evident These span both medical as well as social narratives about what it is to vulnerable and disabled
Examples of ontological in/security in amputees (1) To explain how real it is I suppose a good example would be …I had an argument with me girlfriend and I just totally forgot that I didnt have a leg and just expected it to be there. It felt like it was there, but it wasnt there. I just went and fell; quite badly actually. That is how real it feels. I have to be consciously aware that it is not there because I think it is…
Examples of ontological in/security - voluntary amputees (2) I: Did the phantom help you cope at all? AMP: No I found it unnerving actually. It was the other way. Once I had the sensation and fell on the bed I worried then afterwards whether Id do it again. I see the phantom as positive because it brings a kind of reality to things. The pain is warning me not to try and use it. The phantom pain is saying there is nothing there.
Examples of ontological in/security – involuntary amputees (1) Inside I feel like my legs dont belong to me… I dont want to die, but there are times that I dont want to keep living in a body that doesnt feel like mine.. My legs are extraneous.. The desire that I have is for an amputation of above the knee of the right leg. When I met Greg was clear that he was a very sane man and that there was absolutely no question that he was thought disordered in way or mentally ill or sexually bizarre. I couldnt.. Understand.
Examples of ontological in/security – involuntary amputees (2) The desire that I have is for an amputation above the knee… I have no way to explain into anybody in the world. Let alone explain it to myself and you sitting out there think its nuts, Im sitting in here thinking its nuts, but I cant help it.
Why bother with vulnerability? Towards an understanding of otherness A different way of thinking about disability that avoids generalised models Shallow and deep accounts of understanding otherness – external and internal barriers to impairment that can be analysed at different levels from different perspectives. It allows for polyvalent narratives of disability that are not always about oppression but also about liberation.
Love is the difficult realisation that someone other than you exists – Iris Murdoch Floris Tomasini (Dr) School of Public Health and Clinical Sciences University of Central Lancashire