Presentation on theme: "NOTE TAKING IN LECTURES-PRACTISING STRATEGIES"— Presentation transcript:
1 NOTE TAKING IN LECTURES-PRACTISING STRATEGIES ROBERT BLAKEEffective Learning Programme for International Students,Student Learning Development Centre
2 Note Taking In Lectures: practising Strategies- outline This session will help you with ways of recording what you hear in lectures:A strategy for listening & taking notes in lecturesHow to lay out notesHow to use symbols and abbreviationsQuestions for clarifying points for note taking
3 Practising Note Taking Strategies- Introduction Taking notes in lectures can be a difficult experience. One student commented:‘We have lecturers who talk at us non-stop, scribbling stuff on the whiteboard all the time, and we’re still trying to get it down minutes after they’ve left the room…’[quotation from Rowntree, slightly adapted 1998:119]
4 Practising Note Taking Strategies in Lectures- Introduction What has your experience been of lectures so far?How successfully have you been able to take notes?Has Powerpoint been used in your classes?Has it helped you to take better notes?
5 Practising Note Taking Strategies in Lectures- Introduction How can we take more effective notes from lectures, whether Powerpoint based or not?
6 Practising Note Taking- SQL2R To use lectures creatively, a balance between listening carefully and taking notes is needed.One way to take more effective notes in lectures is to adapt the SQ3R strategy used for effective reading [Survey, Question, Read, Recall, Review] to SQL2R:SurveyingQuestioningListening & Note takingRecallReview
7 Practising Note Taking Strategies- Surveying Surveying: listening for signposting.Signposting language explains the overall structure of the lecture, and how the parts of the talk are structured.Surveying the lecture for signposting signals can help you plan the layout of your notes. In Powerpoint based lectures it involves surveying the overall structure from the handout.
8 Practising Note Taking Strategies: Surveying-Signposting Some examples of signposting languageI’ll begin byWell,The first of these settings,One of the key questionsSo now we’ve come to ….To sum up, what we’ve looked at so far
9 Practising Note Taking Strategies- Questioning Along with surveying, questioning can be helpful:Before the lecture, ask:-What do I want to get out of this lecture?-How does it fit in with the course?-What do I already know about this topic?
10 Practising Note Taking Strategies- Questioning During the lecture ask yourself:- what are the main points?- What clues is the lecture giving about what is follow e.g. ‘There are 3 main theories….’- What is informative?- What is analytical?- What is the lecturer's opinion?
11 Practising Note Taking Strategies- Recall & Review After the lecture remember to Recall & Review. Unless you have a superb memory, you’ll forget much of what you’ve heard & made notes on, So it’s necessary to find ways of recalling
12 Practising Note Taking Strategies- recall Quickly draw a quick mind map, spider diagram or flow chart summarising what you remember –What are the main points?
13 Practising Note Taking Strategies: Review Review involves assessing how well you’ve been able to remember the lecture information during recallMake questions about the parts you couldn’t remember.Review your notes to answer the questions & fill in the gaps.Make a list of those bits you did not understand & reread your notes to understand
14 Practising Note Taking Strategies- types of notes You can record your notes in a number of ways including:Linear notesFlow diagramsMind maps
15 Practising Note Taking Strategies- types of notes You can record your notes in a number of ways including:Linear notes: with headings & sub-headings; points are numbered sequentiallyFlow diagrams: suit logical thinkersMind maps: suit visual thinkers. Put the lecture topic & aspects of the topic branching off from the central point See slide 17 for an example.
16 Practising Note Taking Strategies- linear notes An example of Linear notes:Taking notes from lecturesPrepare for the lectureUse tape/buddy + good note takingLook for organisation clues from lecturerTaking notes from readingsKnow what you want from the readingLook for organisation clues from headings, sections, paragraphsDon’t write down examplesSQ3R ApproachSurvey – flip through & layoutQuestion – structure and relevanceRead – twice through quicklyRecall – main points, facts & biblio. DetailsReview – repeat steps & relate to taskExample from Exeter University Web site
17 Practising Note Taking Strategies- mind map notes An example of notes in the form of a mind map from Tony Buzan. Note the use of colour & space
18 Practising Note Taking Strategies- flow diagram notes An example of notes in the form of a flow diagramLiverpool Hope University
19 Listening To Lectures: Note taking Useful lecture notes reflect the structure of a lecture by marking out the:IntroductionMain pointsSub-pointsSupporting detailReferences
20 Practising Note Taking Strategies- mind map notes You can use subordination to identify the importance of information:key information on the left hand sidedetailed points in the middlecomments & questions on the right hand side
21 Note Taking Strategies- lecture details Also record on each page:Course title- abbreviationsLecture titleLecturer name or InitialsDatePage numberSub topic? [Helps you locate topics]This can help you to avoid plagiarism & keep track of your notes 6 months on
22 Note Taking In Lectures- Symbols & abbreviations Symbols & abbreviations can save you valuable time: enabling you to write less & identify the main points more efficiently.reducing the time you take writing notestherefore giving you more time to understand lecture contents & to concentrate on the main points of the lecturehelp you to take notes using you own words
23 Note Taking In Lectures-using abbreviations imp importantsit situationeval evaluationanaly analysisdiff/diff.y difficult/difficultydiff.t differente.g for examplei.e that isetc etcetera: and so onN.B noteQ questionNo numberprobs problemsp./pp page/pages1st firstmax maximumc about/approximatelyref referencethro‘/thru through
24 Note Taking In Lectures-using symbols What symbols would you use for?thereforebecausestatement/answer is correctstatement/answer is wrongquestion; is the statement correct?or (this/that = this or that)and/plusditto (means the same as the words immediately above the ditto marks)does not equal, differs from, is the opposite ofis/are/have/has/equalsleads to/results in/causesdoes not lead to/result in/cause
25 Note Taking In Lectures-asking for clarification To take notes more effectively you may need, if the lecturer allows, to ask questions for clarificationThink of some questions that you can ask to make a lecturer easier to understand
26 Note Taking In Lectures-asking for clarification I’m afraid I didn’t follow your point about…Could you go over that again?Could you go over [again] what you said about ..Could you explain what you meant when you said that …?Could you be more specific about..?Could you expand a little on what you said about…?
27 Note Taking In Lectures-asking for clarification Could you give an example of …Sorry/I’m afraid I didn’t catch what you say about..Sorry you speak a little louder please?Sorry could you speak a little more slowly please?Sorry to interrupt, could I ask a question about ..
28 Note Taking In Lectures - further help For further help, seeAndy Gillett’s excellent UEFAP site atmaterials/lectures.htmLook under structure, to see many examples of language lecturers use to structure their talks and exercises.See also the SLDC web pages on ‘What am I getting from lectures’