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STIs - Transmission  Oral, anal or vaginal sex  Skin to skin  Mother to unborn child  Non sexual contact (sharing towels, bedding)  Sharing needles.

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Presentation on theme: "STIs - Transmission  Oral, anal or vaginal sex  Skin to skin  Mother to unborn child  Non sexual contact (sharing towels, bedding)  Sharing needles."— Presentation transcript:

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2 STIs - Transmission  Oral, anal or vaginal sex  Skin to skin  Mother to unborn child  Non sexual contact (sharing towels, bedding)  Sharing needles

3 STIs – Common Symptoms  Rashes  Warts  Sores  Pain during Intercourse  Pain during urination  Abnormal Bleeding

4 Chlamydia  MOST COMMON STI!!!  Saskatchewan has the Highest rate of infection in Canada  BACTERIAL How do you get it?  Unprotected sex (vaginal, oral, anal)  Mother to baby

5 Chlamydia – Signs and Symptoms FemaleMale  Vaginal Discharge  Painful urination  Lower abdominal pain  Abnormal vaginal bleeding  Pain during intercourse  Eye or rectal infections  80% have no visible symptoms  Clear, watery or milky discharge  Itchy urethra  Painful urination  Testicular pain  Eye or rectal infections

6 Chlamydia- Complications  Pelvic Inflammatory Disease  Ectopic pregnancy  Infertility  Chronic Pelvic Pain  Rashes, sores and joint pain  Treated - Antibiotics

7 This is what it looks like…

8 Gonorrhea  Second most common STI  BACTERIAL How is it transmitted?  Unprotected sex (vaginal, oral, anal)  Mother to baby

9 Gonorrhea –Signs and Symptoms FemaleMale  Vaginal Discharge  Painful urination  Lower abdominal pain  Abnormal vaginal bleeding  Pain during intercourse  Rectal pain, discharge or itching  Thick, yellow-green discharge from penis  Painful urination  Testicular pain or swelling  Rectal pain, discharge or itching

10 Gonorrhea- Complications  Increased risk of contracting HIV  PID  Chronic Pelvic Pain  Infertility  Ectopic Pregnancy  Inflammation of testicles  Infertility  Cured - Antibiotics

11 This is what it looks like…

12 Syphilis  Bacterial How is it Transmitted? - Unprotected oral, vaginal or anal sex - Direct contact with sores - Sharing needles - Mother to baby

13 Syphilis – Sign and Symptoms Primary Syphilis - 3 days to 3months after exposure – develop a sore called a chancre - Appears wherever bacteria entered the body Secondary Syphilis - Two to 24 weeks after exposure - Rash on body (palms of hands/soles of feet) - Patchy hair loss - Flat, smooth warts in the genital area Early Latent Syphilis - Usually asymptomatic - Lesions or rashes recur

14 Syphilis – Complications  Increases risk of transmitting or becoming infected with HIV  CV damage  Neurological system damage  Death  Cured - antibiotics

15 This is what it looks like…

16 Genital Herpes  VIRAL  How is it transmitted? - vaginal, oral or anal sex - Receiving oral sex from a partner with a history of cold sores - Mother to baby - Can be transmitted even if you partner has no visible signs or symptoms

17 Genital Herpes – Signs and Symptoms  Painful sores  Inflammation and redness  Fever  Muscular Pain  Tender Lymph nodes

18 Genital Herpes - Complications  Increases risk of transmitting or becoming infected with HIV  CANNOT BE CURED

19 This is what it looks like…

20 Hepatitis B  VIRAL  How is it transmitted? - vaginal, oral or anal sex - Infected blood - Shared household items - Mother to baby - Most high school students in Saskatchewan have received a vaccine in grade 6

21 Hepatitis B – Sign and Symptoms  Up to 50% of people have no signs or symptoms  Tiredness  Nausea  Vomiting  Rash  Joint Pain  Yellowing of eyes and skin

22 Hepatitis B - Complications  All contacts need to be vaccinated  Liver damage  Cannot be cured

23 HPV – Human Papilloma Virus “Genital Warts”  VIRAL  Estimated that 75% of the adult population will have a least one HPV infection in their lifetime  How is it transmitted? - Vaginal, oral and anal sex - Gentle rubbing/friction - Mother to baby

24 HPV – Sign and Symptoms  Many have no symptoms  Warts on the vulva, cervix, penis, scrotum anus or urethra (small, soft, flesh colored – look like cauliflower)  Itchiness  Discomfort during intercourse  Bleeding with intercourse

25 HPV – Possible Complications  Recurrences – COMMON!  Cancers  Obstruction of urethra or vaginal opening  Cannot be cured

26 This is what it looks like…

27 Pubic Lice/ “CRABS”  Parasite  How is it transmitted? - Intimate sexual and non sexual contact - Can live for two days in bedding, towels, and clothes of an infected person

28 Pubic Lice – Sign and Symptoms  Skin irritation/inflammation  Small blue/red spots on the skin where lice have bitten  Louse feces – small black particles – in the infected person’s undergarments  Looks like small black pin heads

29 This is what it looks like…

30 Trichomoniasis - TRICH  Parasite  How is it transmitted? - oral, anal, vaginal sex - Mutual masturbation

31 TRICH – Sign and Symptoms MaleFemale - irritation or redness at the urethral opening - Burning during urination or ejaculation - Off white or yellowish- green frothy vaginal discharge - Sore it itchy vagina - Pain during intercourse or urination

32 TRICH – This is what it looks like…

33 Summary  Bacterial – can be treated  Parasitic/Fungal – can be treated  Viral – cannot be treated you have them for life!!!


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