2 Do NowWhat were the main causes of WWI? Hand in packets. Hand in map worksheet. Return any borrowed colored pencils SAT Question of the day!!!!!
3 Europe was a POWDER KEG waiting to explode HOW DID IT START4 MAIN causes of WWIMilitarismAlliancesImperialismNationalismEurope was a POWDER KEG waiting to explode4 long term causes that led to a build-up of tension
4 MILITARISMGlorification of the military Buildup of weapons and artillery Why would countries need strong militaries?
5 ALLIANCES How would alliances help to cause a world war? Complicated system of agreements that would drag countries into war even if it wasn’t their conflict With this alliance system, nothing could be kept small or localHow would alliances help to cause a world war?
6 ALLIANCES The Alliance System came down to two large “blocks” Triple AllianceGermanyAustria-HungaryItalyTriple EntenteGreat BritainFranceRussiaThe USA would come in later
8 IMPERIALISMCountries were competing for colonies with the best raw materialsGermany, recently united as a country, felt that they were kept out of the best colonies in AfricaMany felt that a good war against Britain might get them some colonies
10 NATIONALISM EXTREME pride in one’s country Other nationalistic traits: Jealousy, envy, revenge, fear, etc.
11 WWI IS THE FIRST MAJOR WAR WHERE ALL THE MAJOR POWERS WANTED THE WAR TO HAPPEN! France: revenge for the defeat in the Franco-Prussian war, and for Germany “stealing” Alsace-Lorraine Germany: wanted to establish itself as the true superpower in Europe Gr. Britain: wanted to maintain its superpower position, & crush the new German navy Italy: wanted to establish itself as the true superpower in the Mediterranean
12 WWI IS THE FIRST MAJOR WAR WHERE ALL THE MAJOR POWERS WANTED THE WAR TO HAPPEN! Russia: an unpopular Tsar wanted to gain the support of the people through a quick and victorious warAustria-Hungary: a dying empire, being torn apart by over 30 major ethnic groups, a good war might unify it againAll the nations marched off to war willinglyExcept the US…we didn’t want to be involved in this European conflict
13 THE BALKANSBosnians felt abused under the rule of Austria-Hungary Goal: to create a “Greater Serbia” (unite Slavic people) This was strongly supported by Russia
16 THE “SPARK”June 28, 1914: Archduke Franz Ferdinand (Austria’s heir to the throne) was assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia Gavrilo Princip: Assassin This is the spark that would ignite the war.
17 THE RESULT How long do you think it takes for this to happen? The Austro-Hungarians declare war on Serbia Serbia’s ally Russia mobilized to protect Serbia Russia’s ally France mobilized to protect Russia Austria-Hungary’s ally Germany declared war on Russia and FranceHow long do you think it takes for this to happen?
18 THE CONFLICT EXPANDSGermany swept through neutral Belgium to attack France, violating an international treaty.The violation brought Great Britain into the warBy August 15, 1914, Europe was engulfed in war!Within a year, over 60 countries worldwide were involved in the warThey all had coloniesThe colonies started fighting each other
19 THE FIGHTING SIDESTriple Alliance becomes “The Central Powers” (The Bad Guys)Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, BulgariaItaly gave up its agreement with Germany & joined the other sideTriple Entente becomes “The Allied Powers” or “Allies” (The Good Guys)Great Britain, France, Russia, ItalyU.S. would join in April of 1917Becomes known as “The Great War”