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KolxeTis dablobis sfagnumiani torfnarebi da maTi roli globaluri da regionuli klimatis regulaciaSi ekologiis specialobis mesame kursis studenti: Tamar wulukiZe.

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Presentation on theme: "KolxeTis dablobis sfagnumiani torfnarebi da maTi roli globaluri da regionuli klimatis regulaciaSi ekologiis specialobis mesame kursis studenti: Tamar wulukiZe."— Presentation transcript:

1 kolxeTis dablobis sfagnumiani torfnarebi da maTi roli globaluri da regionuli klimatis regulaciaSi ekologiis specialobis mesame kursis studenti: Tamar wulukiZe

2 q.qobuleTis aRmosavleTiT mdebare ispanis WaobSi gavrcelebulia xavsi sfagnumi,romelic qmnis torfnarebs,romelTa unikalobis Sesaxeb cnobili gaxda 90-ian wlebSi.am teritoriis dacvis xelSekruleba daido 1971w ramsaris saerTaSoriso konvenciis mier.ispanis Waobma nakrZalis wodeba miiRo2002w.qobuleTis Waobi iyofa:ispan 1 da ispan 2.bimravalferovnebis TvalzasriTac mdidaria,warmodgenilia mravalferovani flora da fauna.

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5 sfagnumi xavsebs Soris yvelaze gansakuTrebulia. cnobilia sfagnumis 300 saxeoba, romelic dedamiwis xmeleTis zedapiris 1%-s warmoadgens. sfagnumis, rogorc mkvdari aseve cocxali qsovili gacilebiT didi raodenobiT naxSirbads Seicavs, vidre sxva romelime mcenaris saxeoba. izrdeba mJave, wylian da nutrientebiT Rarib garemoSi. morfologiurad RerofoTliani xavsia, romlis foToli erTujrediani sisqisaa. kutikulis gareSe. mcenares ara aqvs fesvi.

6 torfnari msoflioSi yvelaze metadaa xeluxlebeli; igi yvelaze axalgazrdaa, 1700 wlisaa; sazrdoobs mxolod wvimis wyliT; aqvs gumbaTis forma; gumbaTis zedapiri gluvia; torfi gauxrwnelia, didi da patara elastiuri forebiT; cocxali sfagnumiani torfnari perkolaciuri anu SeRwevadia; msoflioSi unikaluri

7 araviTari kavSiri ara aqvs gruntis wyalTan; gumbaTze gamefebulia garemos dabinZurebisadmi yvelaze mgrZnobiare TeTri xavsi imbrikatumi; kokispiruli wvimebisas mTel 218 heqtar gumbaTs SeuZlia gaiberos 25 sm-iT; ispanis torfqveSa namosaxlari brinjaos xanisaa. Aaq 6-7 aTasi wlis win dasaxlebula adamiani. xavsiani torfnari moqmedebs rogorc Rrubeli, mas SeuZlia Seiwovos mis wonasTan SedarebiT 20 - jer meti raodenobis wyali MmsoflioSi unikaluri

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9 tbas, romelsac m sisqis sfagnumis xavsis sabani axuravs, gansakuTrebuli biologiuri da udidesi garemosdacviTi Rirebulebani gaaCnia: globaluri da regionuli klimatis regulacia. rac ufro Zvelia torfi, miT ufro izrdeba STanTqmuli meTanisa da azotis Jangis raodenoba;

10 mTavari damaxasiaTebeli sfagnumian-torfian WaobebisaTvis esaa unari atmosferodan naxSirorJangis STanTqvisa da masi gardaqmna mcenareTa biomasad, romelic torfis saxiT grovdeba. garda naxSirorJangis dagrovebisa, rac ufro Zvelia torfi, miT ufro izrdeba STanTqmuli meTanisa da azotis Jangis raodenoba. daurRvevel sfagnumian-torfian WaobSi arasdros araa Ria wylis zedapiri. cocxali sfagnumis xavsis sqeli da mWidro fena masSi arsebul yvela Jangbads gamoiyenebs meTanis daJangvisaTvis naxSirorJangamde. am ukanasknels ki sfagnumi maSinve fotosinTezisaTvis xarjavs. xdeba TviTregulacia da uZvelesi sfagnumian-torfiani Waobi arasodes ar berdeba, ar ixrwneba, vinaidan masSi Zalze umniSvnelo raodenobiTaa Jangbadi. sfagnumian-torfianebi erTgvar gamagrilebel mowyobilobebs warmoadgenen dedamiwaze da amiT globaluri klimatis regulaciaSi monawileoben. globaluri klimatis regulacia

11 kolxeTis saocari msgavseba subtrupikul garemosTan, kerZod, maRali tenianoba, wlis ucivesi Tvis SedarebiTi temperaturuli sirbile, martivad aixsneba ori ZiriTadi faqtoriT: Savi zRva da kavkasioni Sav zRvas aqvs saTburis efeqti, igi axdens siTbos konservacias, da amcirebs temperatturul sxvaobas zamTarsa da zafxuls Soris Tavis sanapiroze, aseve igi uxvi naleqis (maqs,mTa mtiralaze daaxl mm ww –Si) mizezia kolxeTis refugiumis saTburad Camoyalibebas meore mxriv ganapiroebebs kavkasionis mTaTa sistema, romelic xels uSlis CrdiloeTidan SemoWril civ haeris fenebs da barierad eRobeba maT, icavs ra kolxeTs temperaturiss dacemisagan KkolxeTis gansakuTrebuli klimati

12 torfianebs aqvs damaxasiaTebeli mikroklimati. adgilobriv klimatsa da torfianebs Soris ormxvrivi damokidebuleba arsebobs. regionuli klimati gavlenas axdens torfianebis Camoyalibebaze. ispani II-is unikaluroba swored atmosferuli naleqebis maqsimalur raodenobasTanaa dakavSirebuli, romelic Tavis mxriv sezonebis mixedviT Tanabrad nawildeba. Aaseve torfianebi gavlenas axdenen regionul klimatze, rogoricaa haeris tenianoba da temperaturis meryeoba regionuli klimatis regulacia

13 Wartenianebze zrunviT davicavT klimatsac

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